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The neoavanguardia ("New Vanguard") was an avant-garde Italian literary movement, characterized by a strong push towards formal experimentation in language. Authors involved include Nanni Balestrini, Edoardo Sanguineti, Umberto Eco, Antonio Porta, Elio Pagliarani, Alfredo Giuliani, Giorgio Manganelli, Luigi Malerba, Germano Lombardi, Francesco Leonetti, Alberto Gozzi, Massimo Ferretti, Franco Lucentini, Amelia Rosselli, Sebastiano Vassalli and Lello Voce among others.
Neoavanguardia poets, inspired by modernist English language writers such as Ezra Pound and TS Eliot and the Italian poet Emilio Villa, were opposed to the crepuscolarismo (intimistic view) which had characterized Italian poetry in the 20th century, and, above all, to what they defined as 'neo-capitalistic' language. The result was quasi-parodistic language that often led to meaningless verses (non-significanza) and the so-called "art as a plaything in itself."
The movement originated as the Gruppo '63, which was founded in a hotel at Solunto, near Palermo, mostly by writers who had collaborated with the Il Verri literary magazine. The conference included a theatre spectacle on works by Balestrini and Sanguineti among others. The appearance of the movement spurred fierce polemics in the Italian literary world: they were accused of being "irrational formalists", "dangerous Marxist revolutionaries", "late Futurists" or the creators of a "renewed Arcadia".
- Achille Bonito Oliva first to devote himself to the art critic has adhered to the Youth Group 63, publishing two collections of poems in 1967 "Made in mater and in 1968" Fiction Poems
- Fonte dell'inclusione di Celli: terza di copertina di Giorgio Celli - I sette peccati capitali degli animali ^ Source of the inclusion of cells: inside back cover of Giorgio Celli - The seven deadly sins of animals
- Fonte dell'inclusione dei nomi citati: AA.VV., Il Gruppo 63 quarant'anni dopo, Edizioni Pendragon, Bologna, 2005 ^ Source of the inclusion of names cited: AA.VV., The Group 63 Forty years later, Edizioni Pendragon, Bologna, 2005
- Umberto Eco, "Il gruppo '63, quarant'anni dopo" in Costruire il nemico e altri scritti occasionali, Bompiani, Milan, 2011
- Eugenio Gazzola, ed. (April 2011). «Malebolge». L'altra rivista delle avanguardie (brossura) (1st ed.). Reggio Emilia: Diabasis. p. 408. ISBN 978-88-8103-766-7.
- Eugenio Gazzola, Al miglior mugnaio. Adriano Spatola e i poeti del Mulino di Bazzano, Diabasis, Reggio Emilia, 2008.
- Eugenio Gazzola, Parole sui muri. L'estate delle avanguardie a Fiumalbo, Diabasis, Reggio Emilia, 2003.
- Nanni Balestrini et al. (a cura di), Gruppo 63, L'Antologia / Critica e Teoria, Bompiani, Milano, 2013
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