Neoaves

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Neoavians
Temporal range: Late CretaceousHolocene, 75–0 Ma
[1]
Toulouse - Sturnus vulgaris - 2012-02-26 - 3.jpg
Common starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Neognathae
Superorder: Neoaves
Sibley et al., 1988
Clades

Neoaves is a clade that consists of all modern birds (Neornithes or Aves) with the exception of Paleognathae (ratites and kin) and Galloanserae (ducks, chickens and kin). The early diversification of the various neoavian groups occurred very rapidly, and attempts to resolve their relationships with each other have resulted initially in much controversy.[2][3]

One hypothesis of the cladogram of modern birds relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[4] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[5]

Neoaves
Columbea

Mirandornithes (flamingos and grebes) Flamingo1209 white background.jpg


Columbimorphae

Columbiformes (pigeons) Columba livia in Japan white background.JPG




Mesitornithiformes (mesites)



Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouse)





Passerea
Otidae

Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts)


Otidimorphae

Cuculiformes (cuckoos) Common Cuckoo by Mike McKenzie white background.jpg




Otidiformes (bustards)



Musophagiformes (turacos)






Gruae

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)


Gruimorphae

Gruiformes (rails and cranes)



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)





Ardeae

Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc) Chinstrap Penguin white background.jpg


Eurypgimorphae

Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)



Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds) Red-billed Tropicbird JCB white background.jpg




Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

CathartiformesBlack Vulture RWD2013A white background.jpg



AccipitriformesGyps fulvus -Basque Country-8 white background.jpgMaakotka (Aquila chrysaetos) by Jarkko Järvinen white background.jpg





Strigiformes (owls) Tyto alba -British Wildlife Centre, Surrey, England-8a (1) white background.jpg


Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)Trogon surrucura brazil white background.jpg


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)Nordlig hornkorp white background.jpg


Picodynastornithes

CoraciiformesHalcyon smyrnensis in India (8277355382) white background.jpg



PiciformesDendrocopos major -Durham, England -female-8 white background.jpgRamphastos toco -Stadtgärtnerei Zürich - 20100919 white background.jpg









Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriemas) Seriema (Cariama cristata) white background.jpgPhorusrhacid skeleton white background.jpg


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons) Male Peregrine Falcon (7172188034) white background.jpg


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots) Cockatiel Parakeet (Nymphicus hollandicus)9 white background.jpg



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)Gorrion alfeizar Habana white background.jpgCarrion crow 20090612 white background.jpg











The other hypothesis of the cladogram of modern birds relationships based on Prum et al. (2015).[6]

Neoaves

Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts, and nightbirds)




Columbaves (pigeons, bustards and cuckoos)




Gruiformes (cranes and rails)




Aequorlitornithes (core waterbirds)


Inopinaves

Opisthocomiformes (Hoatzin)



Telluraves (core landbirds)







References[edit]

  1. ^ Van Tuinen M. (2009) Birds (Aves). In The Timetree of Life, Hedges SB, Kumar S (eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press; 409–411.
  2. ^ Mayr G. (2011) Metaves, Mirandornithes, Strisores and other novelties - a critical review of the higher-level phylogeny of neornithine birds. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 49:58-76.
  3. ^ Matzke, A. et al. (2012) Retroposon insertion patterns of neoavian birds: strong evidence for an extensive incomplete lineage sorting era Mol. Biol. Evol.
  4. ^ Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014) Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215):1320-1331.
  5. ^ Yuri, T. et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419
  6. ^ Prum, R. O. et al. A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature (2015). doi:10.1038/nature15697