Neoaves

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Neoavians
Temporal range: Late CretaceousHolocene, 75–0 Ma
[1]
Toulouse - Sturnus vulgaris - 2012-02-26 - 3.jpg
Common starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Neognathae
Clade: Neoaves
Sibley et al., 1988
Clades

Neoaves is a clade that consists of all modern birds (Neornithes or Aves) with the exception of Paleognathae (ratites and kin) and Galloanserae (ducks, chickens and kin). The early diversification of the various neoavian groups occurred very rapidly, and attempts to resolve their relationships with each other have resulted initially in much controversy.[2][3]

Phylogeny[edit]

One hypothesis for the phylogeny of modern birds was presented by Prum, R.O. et al. (2015)[4] The following cladogram illustrates the proposed relationships, with some taxon names following Yury, T. et al. (2013).[5]


Neoaves

Strisores (hummingbirds and relatives) Haaksnavelkolibrie.jpg



Columbaves
Otidimorphae

Musophagiformes (turacos)Planches enluminées d'histoire naturelle (1765) (Tauraco persa).jpg




Otidiformes (bustards)Cayley Ardeotis australis flipped.jpg



Cuculiformes (cuckoos)British birds in their haunts (Cuculus canorus).jpg




Columbimorphae

Columbiformes (pigeons) Meyers grosses Konversations-Lexikon - ein Nachschlagewerk des allgemeinen Wissens (1908) (Antwerpener Breiftaube).jpg




Mesitornithiformes (mesites)Monias benschi 1912 white background.jpg



Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses)Pterocles quadricinctus white background.jpg







Gruiformes (rails and cranes)Cuvier-72-Grue cendrée.jpg



Aequorlitornithes

Mirandornithes

Phoenicopteriformes (flamingos)Cuvier-87-Flamant rouge.jpg



Podicipediformes (grebes)Podiceps cristatus Naumann white background.jpg




Charadriiformes (waders and relatives)D'Orbigny-Mouette rieuse et Bec-en-ciseaux white background.jpg




Eurypygimorphae

Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)Cuvier-95-Phaeton à bec rouge.jpg



Eurypygiformes (sunbittern and kagu)Cuvier-72-Caurale soleil.jpg




Aequornithes (waterbirds)Cuvier-90-Manchot du Cap.jpg




Inopinaves

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)Cuvier-59-Hoazin huppé.jpg


Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Cathartiformes (New World vultures)Vintage Vulture Drawing white background.jpg



Accipitriformes (hawks and relatives)Golden Eagle Illustration white background.jpg





Strigiformes (owls)Cuvier-12-Hibou à huppe courte.jpg


Coraciimorphae

Coliidae (mouse birds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)Harpactes fasciatus 1838 white background.jpg


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills and relatives)A monograph of the Bucerotidæ, or family of the hornbills (Plate II) (white background).jpg




Coraciformes (kingfishers and relatives)Cuvier-46-Martin-pêcheur d'Europe.jpg



Piciformes (woodpeckers and relatives)Atlante ornitologico (Tav. 26) (picchio verde).jpg









Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriemas)Cariama cristata 1838 white background.jpg


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)NewZealandFalconBuller white background.jpg


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)Pyrrhura lucianii - Castelnau 2.jpg



Passeriformes (passerines)Cuvier-33-Moineau domestique.jpg












References[edit]

  1. ^ Van Tuinen M. (2009) Birds (Aves). In The Timetree of Life, Hedges SB, Kumar S (eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press; 409–411.
  2. ^ Mayr G. (2011) Metaves, Mirandornithes, Strisores and other novelties - a critical review of the higher-level phylogeny of neornithine birds. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 49:58-76.
  3. ^ Matzke, A. et al. (2012) Retroposon insertion patterns of neoavian birds: strong evidence for an extensive incomplete lineage sorting era Mol. Biol. Evol.
  4. ^ Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
  5. ^ Yuri et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419