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A specialised group of chytrids grow in the rumen of herbivorous animals, where they degrade cellulose and thus play a primary role in the complex microbial ecology of the rumen.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Neocallimastigomycota
Class: Neocallimastigomycetes
Order: Neocallimastigales
Family: Neocallimastigaceae
Genus: Neocallimastix
Vavra & Joyon ex I.B.Heath (1983)[1]
Type species
Neocallimastix frontalis
(R.A.Braune) Vavra & Joyon ex I.B.Heath (1983)

N. frontalis
N. hurleyensis
N. joyoni
N. patriciarum
N. variabilis

Neocallimastix is a genus of obligately anaerobic rumen fungi in the family Neocallimastigaceae.[2]


  1. ^ Heath IB, Bauchop T, Skipp RA (1983). "Assignment of the rumen anaerobe Neocallimastix frontalis to the Spizellomycetales (Chytridiomycetes) on the basis of its polyflagellate zoospore ultrastructure". Canadian Journal of Botany. 61 (1): 295–307. doi:10.1139/b83-033. 
  2. ^ Carlile MJ, Watkinson SC (1994). The Fungi. Academic Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 0-12-159960-4. 

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