|Named for||Ni-o-sho-de (indian)|
|• Total||1.39 sq mi (3.60 km2)|
|• Land||1.35 sq mi (3.50 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||810 ft (250 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,800/sq mi (690/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|FIPS code||20-49650 |
|GNIS ID||0485067 |
Neodesha // is a city in Wilson County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,486. The name is derived from the Osage Indian word, Ni-o-sho-de, and is translated as The-Water-Is-Smoky-With-Mud.
The first settlers in the area that would eventually become Neodesha established a trading post in October 1867 to the northwest of the present town. They were allowed by the Osage Indians to establish a trading post on the Osage Diminished Reserve because the nearest trading post was over thirty miles away. After the Drum Creek Treaty had been signed by the Osage tribe in September 1870 and the tribe moved to Indian Territory; it opened the way for settlers to move to the area. Neodesha was incorporated March 2, 1871 and the original plat was filed with the U.S. Land Office in July 1871. Neodesha is an Osage name meaning "meeting of the waters".
The first railroad was built through Neodesha in 1879.
The first commercially successful oil well drilled in what would become the Mid-Continent Oil Field was drilled in Neodesha in 1892. Norman No. 1 Oil Well was located in the southeast part of the city. The Norman No. 1 Museum is near the location of the original wellsite.
In 1943, German and Italian prisoners of World War II were brought to Kansas and other Midwest states as a means of solving the labor shortage caused by American men serving in the war effort. Large internment camps were established in Kansas: Camp Concordia, Camp Funston (at Fort Riley), Camp Phillips (at Salina under Fort Riley). Fort Riley established 12 smaller branch camps, including Neodesha.
Neodesha is located at  along the Verdigris and Fall Rivers. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.39 square miles (3.60 km2), of which, 1.35 square miles (3.50 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.(37.423512, -95.681185),
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Neodesha has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,486 people, 1,031 households, and 658 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,841.5 inhabitants per square mile (711.0/km2). There were 1,204 housing units at an average density of 891.9 per square mile (344.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.3% White, 0.4% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.
There were 1,031 households of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.2% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 16.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,848 people, 1,142 households, and 714 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,559.1 people per square mile (990.6/km²). There were 1,301 housing units at an average density of 1,169.0 per square mile (452.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.49% White, 0.35% African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.84% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.11% of the population.
There were 1,142 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,042, and the median income for a family was $34,537. Males had a median income of $25,330 versus $17,191 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,406. About 9.7% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.
- Dorothy DeLay, violin instructor at Juilliard.
- Lyle Goodhue, scientist and aerosol pioneer, former Director of Research at Airosol Inc.
- Grimes Poznikov, street performer in San Francisco, California
- Clay T. Whitehead, director of the White House Office of Telecommunications Policy during Nixon Administration
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2011.
- Cho O-Nee to High Iron, The 'Hidden' Years Of The Town Of Neodesha, Wilson County, Kansas; Joseph W. Allen, 1962, Midwest Litho, p. 1
- Cho O-Nee to High Iron, The 'Hidden' Years Of The Town Of Neodesha, Wilson County, Kansas; Joseph W. Allen, 1962, Midwest Litho, p. 24
- Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 315.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 346.
- Norman No. 1 Museum
- List of Prisoner Of War (POW) Camps in Kansas
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Neodesha, Kansas
- "Neodesha Public Schools". USD 461. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Neodesha, Kansas.|
- USD 461, local school district
- Neodesha in 1873 - From a Letter of William Hill, Pioneer Banker
- Photograph of Standard Oil Company refinery in Neodesha 1897
- Neodesha Memories Group on Facebook
- Neodesha City Map, KDOT