From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Neofinetia falcata.jpg
Neofinetia falcata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Vandeae
Subtribe: Aeridinae
Alliance: Trichoglottis
Genus: Neofinetia
  • Angorkis Thou. 1809
  • Angorkis Spreng 1822
  • Finetia Schltr.
  • Nipponorchis Masamune 1934

Neofinetia is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. There are three species found in China (3 species), Korea (2 species), and Japan (1 species).


风兰 (feng lan) China (N Fujian, S Gansu, SW Hubei, W Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang)

풍란 (pungnan) Korea

風蘭 (fũran) Japan (Honshu from the Kantō region westwards; Shikoku; Kyushu; and Ryukyu Islands.)

  • Neofinetia richardsiana Christenson, Lindleyana 11: 220. 1996.

短距风兰 (duan ju feng lan) China (Chongqing) and possibly N. Korea.

  • Neofinetia xichangnensis Z. J. Liu & S. C. Chen, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 26: 300. 2004.

西昌风兰 (xi chang feng lan) China (SW Sichuan)

(There is some controversy on whether N. xichangnensis is a good species, or just a large form of N. richardsiana.)

Botanical history[edit]

The type species was introduced to the West from Japan by Carl Peter Thunberg in 1784, and placed in the genus Orchis. In 1925 H. H. Hu created Neofinetia as a monotypic genus.

Neofinetia is named in honor of Achille Eugène Finet, a French botanist and author of Contributions a la Flore de L'Asie Orientale. The Greek prefix neo, (new) was added to distinguish it from another plant genus named earlier to honor Finet.

Intergeneric hybrids[edit]

In horticulture, Neofinetia is abbreviated as Neof. In the last part of the 20th century, it gained a great deal of attention in hybrid programs with other vandaceous orchids, thanks to its relative hardiness, scent, compact size, and above all, ease of culture.[citation needed]

  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Arachnis = Hanesara
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Ascocentrum = Aerasconetia
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Ascocentrum x Rhynchostylis = Moonara
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Ascocentrum x Vanda = Micholitzara
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Rhynchostylis x Vanda = Sanjumeara
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Vanda = Vandofinides
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Cleisocentron = Ascocleinetia
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Luisia = Luascotia
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Luisia x Rhynchostylis = Dominyara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Renanthera = Rosakirschara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Renanthera x Rhynchostylis x Vanda = Knudsonara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Rhynchostylis = Rumrillara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Rhynchostylis x Vanda = Darwinara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Vanda = Nakamotoara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Vanda = Nakamotoara (e.g. 'Newberry Apricot')
  • Neofinetia x Luisia x Vanda = Luivanetia
  • Neofinetia x Renanthera x Rhynchostylis = Hueylihara
  • Neofinetia x Renanthera x Vanda = Renafinanda
  • Neofinetia x Rhynchostylis x Vanda = Yonezawaara (e.g. 'Blue Star')


  • Christenson, E.A. (1993). "Sarcanthine genera: 9. Neofinetia". Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 62 (5): 494–495. 
  • Christenson, E.A. (1996). "A new species of Neofinetia from China and northern Korea (Orchidaceae: Aeridinae)". Lindleyana 11 (4): 220–221. 
  • Cooper, R. (1983). "Neofinetia falcata". J. Wellington Orchid Soc. 6 (11): 222. 
  • Dressler, Robert L. (1990). The Orchids: Natural History and Classification. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-87526-5. 
  • Liu Z.J., Chen S.C. (2004). "Neofinetia xichangensis, a new species of Orchidaceae from Sichuan". Acta Bot. Yunnanica 26 (3): 299–300. 
  • Sheehan T., Sheehan M. (1983). "Orchid genera, illustrated: 91. Neofinetia". Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 52 (1): 48–49. 
  • Thunberg, Carl Peter (1784). Flora Japonica. Uppsala. 
  • Venter, H. J. (1997). "Mighty miniatures: no.19. Neofinetia falcata". S. Afr. Orchid J. 28 (4): 131. 
  • Flora of China 25: 483–484. 2009.

See also[edit]

Media related to Neofinetia at Wikimedia Commons