||This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2016)
The neofiti (English: Neophytes) were a group of Italian anusim, also known as crypto-Jews, living in Southern Italy.
The neofiti were descendants of Jews who were forced to convert to Roman Catholicism in 1493. They continued to secretly practice certain elements of Judaism, as did many of their descendants.
In the 1490s the Spanish Inquisition ruthlessly hunted the neofiti and many were tortured and executed, especially in Sicily.
Today, some descendants of neofiti in Calabria and Apulia have converted back to Judaism and revived their former Jewish congregations.