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Neogobius melanostomus1.jpg
Round Goby (N. melanostomus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Gobioidei
Family: Gobiidae
Subfamily: Benthophilinae
Genus: Neogobius
Iljin, 1927
Type species
Gobius fluviatilis
(Pallas, 1814)
  • Apollonia Iljin, 1927
  • Chasar Vasil'eva, 1996
  • Eichwaldia Smitt, 1900
  • Eichwaldiella Whitley, 1930

Neogobius is a genus of goby native to Black Sea and the Caspian Sea basins. It is part of the broader Benthophilinae subfamily which is also endemic to the same region. Nevertheless, two Neogobius species have recently turned out to be highly invasive and spread across Europe and even to the Great Lakes of North America.


There are currently four recognized species in this genus:[1][2]

Of these, N. caspius and N. pallasi are endemic to the Caspian basin. N. fluviatilis is a sister species of N. pallasi in the Black Sea basin. N. melanostomus, the round goby, is native to both basins, and is the most aggressively spreading fish to exotic watersheds.


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Neogobius in FishBase. June 2013 version.
  2. ^ Neilson M.E., Stepien C.A. (2009) Escape from the Ponto-Caspian: Evolution and biogeography of an endemic goby species flock (Benthophilinae: Gobiidae: Teleostei). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52(1): 84-102.[1]