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Temporal range: Clarendonian-Hemphillian
~13.6–4.9 Ma
Neohipparion leptode LACM.jpg
Skeleton of N. leptode at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Subfamily: Equinae
Tribe: Hipparionini
Genus: Neohipparion
Gidley, 1903
Type species
Neohipparion affine
(Leidy, 1869)
  • N. affine (Leidy, 1869)
  • N. eurystyle (Cope, 1893)
  • N. gidleyi Merriam, 1915
  • N. leptode Merriam, 1915
  • N. trampasense Edwards, 1982
  • Hesperohippus Dalquest, 1981

Neohipparion (Greek: "new" (neos), "pony" (hipparion)[1]) is an extinct genus of equid,[2] from the Neogene (Miocene to Pliocene) of North America and Central America.[3][4] This prehistoric species of equid grew up to lengths of 4.5 to 5 ft (1.4 to 1.5 m) long.[5]

Restoration of N. affine
Mare and foal at Ashfall Fossil Beds


  1. ^ "Glossary. American Museum of Natural History". Archived from the original on 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ Clementz, M. T. (2012). "New insight from old bones: Stable isotope analysis of fossil mammals". Journal of Mammalogy. 93 (2): 368–380. doi:10.1644/11-MAMM-S-179.1.
  3. ^ "Neohipparion eurystyle". Florida Museum. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  4. ^ "Neohipparion". Florida Museum. 2018-02-16. Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  5. ^ Hulbert, Richard C. (July 1987). "Late Neogene Neohipparion (Mammalia, Equidae) from the Gulf Coastal Plain of Florida and Texas". Journal of Paleontology. 61 (4): 809–830. doi:10.1017/s0022336000029152. ISSN 0022-3360.