Neolepidoptera is a subcohort of cohort Myoglossata in suborder Glossata of order Lepidoptera, the butterflies and moths. They differ from Myoglossata in the larval stage abdominal prolegs, pupal morphology, and the mandibles are reduced in size. They also differ in their reproductive systems.  The prolegs have muscles and apical hooklets. The reproductive organs have two openings. There are also differences in the wing structure. The pupae are "incomplete or obtect." 
- Systema Naturae 2000. Classification Subcohort Neolepidoptera . Online. October 7, 2007.
- Kristensen , Niels Peder. A COMPENDIUM OF HEXAPOD SYSTEMATICS. Onlin. October 7, 2007.
- Cranston, Peter S. and Penny J Gullan. Phylogeny of Insects. University of California. Online. October 7, 2007.
- Smith. John B. Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology. Brooklyn Entomological Society. Brooklyn, N. Y. Online. October 7, 2007.
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