Neonatal acne (also known as "Acne infantum", "Acne neonatorum", and "Neonatal cephalic pustulosis" (not to be confused with "Benign cephalic histiocytosis")) is an acneiform eruption that occurs in newborns or infants, and is often seen on the nose and adjacent portions of the cheeks.
The main cause of this condition is not known, but it could be due to the increased sensitivity of the infant's sebaceous glands to maternal hormones during pregnancy which also leads to a variety of skin conditions in the newborn.[medical citation needed] Typically, it peaks at around 2 months and rarely needs treatment. Sometimes gels or ointments are given.[medical citation needed]
- Holm EA, Jemec GB (December 2000). "[Acne neonatorum/acne infantum]". Ugeskrift for Læger (in Danish). 162 (50): 6856–7. PMID 11187144.
- Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0.[page needed]
- Freedberg, Irwin M.; Eisen, Arthur Z.; Wolff, Klauss; Austen, K. Frank; Goldsmith, Lowell A.; Katz, Stephen, eds. (2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill. p. 648. ISBN 978-0-07-138076-8.
- Katsambas AD, Katoulis AC, Stavropoulos P (February 1999). "Acne neonatorum: a study of 22 cases". Int. J. Dermatol. 38 (2): 128–30. doi:10.1046/j.1365-4362.1999.00638.x. PMID 10192162.
- O'Connor NR, McLaughlin MR, Ham P (January 2008). "Newborn skin: Part I. Common rashes". Am Fam Physician. 77 (1): 47–52. PMID 18236822.
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