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Pantopsalis listeri - ZooKeys-263-059-g003-B.jpeg
Pantopsalis listeri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Opiliones
Suborder: Eupnoi
Superfamily: Phalangioidea
Family: Neopilionidae
Lawrence, 1931
8 genera, 15 species

The Neopilionidae are a family of harvestmen with 15 known species.

It has a clearly Gondwanan distribution, with species found in Australia, South Africa and South America, and probably represent relicts of that time.

The family members range in size from the small Americovibone lancafrancoae (0.9 mm) to over 4 mm in the Enantiobuninae.[1]

Some species of Enantiobuninae have blue pigmentation, which is rather unusual in harvestmen.[1]


The family name is a contraction of Ancient Greek neo "new" and Latin Opilio, a genus of harvestman.


  • Ballarra Hunt & Cokendolpher, 1991 — Australia


  1. ^ a b Cokendolpher, James C. (2007): Neopilionidae Lawrence, 1931. In: Pinto-da-Rocha et al. 2007: 121ff


  • Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog: Neopilionidae
  • Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (eds.) (2007): Harvestmen - The Biology of Opiliones. Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-02343-9