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Coloration pattern of Pareiorhina hyptiorhachis - ZooKeys-315-065-g004.jpeg
Pareiorhina hyptiorhachis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Loricariidae
Subfamily: Neoplecostominae
Regan, 1904

Hirtella Pereira, Zanata, Cetra & Reis, 2014 [1]
Isbrueckerichthys Derijst, 1996
Kronichthys Miranda-Ribeiro, 1908
Microplecostomus Silva, Roxo, Ochoa & Oliveira, 2016 [2]
Neoplecostomus Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1888
Pareiorhaphis Miranda-Ribeiro, 1918
Pareiorhina Gosline, 1947

Neoplecostominae is a subfamily of South American catfishes of the family Loricariidae. Species of this subfamily live in high-mountain and swift-flowing river habitats.[3]


This subfamily is the most basal clade in Loricariidae with the exception of Lithogeneinae.[4] The genera do not form a monophyletic assemblage.[5] Neoplecostominae is not diagnosed by any unique characteristic.[3] However, molecular studies have supported this grouping.[4]

Within the paraphyletic Neoplecostominae, Pareiorhina forms a monophyletic subunit that also includes Neoplecostomus.[6]


  1. ^ Pereira E.H.L., Zanata A., Cetra M., Reis R.E. (2014). "A Remarkable Sexually Dimorphic New Genus and Species of Neoplecostomine Catfish (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) from a Coastal Drainage of Eastern Brazil". Copeia. 2014 (4): 673–681. doi:10.1643/ci-14-075. 
  2. ^ Silva G.S.C., Roxo F.F., Ochoa L.E., Oliveira C. (2016). "Description of a new catfish genus (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) from the Tocantins River basin in central Brazil, with comments on the historical zoogeography of the new taxon". ZooKeys. 598: 129–157. doi:10.3897/zookeys.598.7400. 
  3. ^ a b Armbruster, J.W. "Neoplecostominae Regan, 1904". 
  4. ^ a b Alves, A.L., Oliveira, C. & Foresti, F. (2005). "Comparative cytogenetic analysis of eleven species of subfamilies Neoplecostominae and Hypostominae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae)". Genetica. 124 (2): 127–136. doi:10.1007/s10709-004-7561-4. PMID 16134327. 
  5. ^ Pereira, E.H.L. (2005). "Resurrection of Pareiorhaphis Miranda Ribeiro, 1918 (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Loricariidae), and description of a new species from the rio Iguaçu basin, Brazil". Neotropical Ichthyology. 3 (2): 271–276. doi:10.1590/S1679-62252005000200004. 
  6. ^ Chamon, C.C., Aranda, A.T. & Buckup, P.A. (2005). "Pareiorhina brachyrhyncha (Loricariidae: Siluriformes): A New Species of Fish from the Paraíba do Sul Slope of Serra da Mantiqueira, Southeastern Brazil". Copeia. 2005 (3): 550–558. doi:10.1643/CI-04-276R.