From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pareiorhina hyptiorhachis holotype - ZooKeys-315-065-g001-top.jpeg
Pareiorhina hyptiorhachis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Loricariidae
Subfamily: Neoplecostominae
Regan, 1904

Hirtella [1]

The Neoplecostominae are a subfamily of South American catfishes (order Siluriformes) of the family Loricariidae. Species of Neoplecostominae live in high-montane, swift-flowing river habitats.[2]


Neoplecostominae are the most basal clade in Loricariidae with the exception of Lithogeneinae.[3] The genera of Neoplecostominae do not form a monophyletic assemblage.[4] Neoplecostominae is not diagnosed by any unique characteristic.[2] However, molecular studies have supported this grouping.[3]

Within the paraphyletic Neoplecostominae, Pareiorhina forms a monophyletic subunit that also includes Neoplecostomus.[5]


  1. ^ Pereira, E.H.L., Zanata, A., Cetra, M. & Reis, R.E. (2014). "A Remarkable Sexually Dimorphic New Genus and Species of Neoplecostomine Catfish (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) from a Coastal Drainage of Eastern Brazil". Copeia 2014 (4): 673–681. doi:10.1643/ci-14-075. 
  2. ^ a b Armbruster, Jonathan W. "Neoplecostominae Regan 1904". Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  3. ^ a b Alves, Anderson Luís; Oliveira, Claudio; Foresti (2005). "Comparative cytogenetic analysis of eleven species of subfamilies Neoplecostominae and Hypostominae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae)". Genetica 124 (2–3): 127–136. doi:10.1007/s10709-004-7561-4. PMID 16134327. 
  4. ^ Pereira, Edson H. Lopes (2005). "Resurrection of Pareiorhaphis Miranda Ribeiro, 1918 (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Loricariidae), and description of a new species from the Rio Iguaçu basin, Brazil" (PDF). Neotropical Ichthyology 3 (2): 271–276. doi:10.1590/S1679-62252005000200004. 
  5. ^ Chamon, Carine C.; Aranda, Arion T.; Buckup, Paulo A. (2005). Armbruster, J. W., ed. "Pareiorhina brachyrhyncha (Loricariidae: Siluriformes): a New Species of Fish from the Paraíba do Sul Slope of Serra da Mantiqueira, Southeastern Brazil". Copeia 2005 (3): 550–558. doi:10.1643/CI-04-276R.