Neoptera

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Neopterans
Temporal range: Late Carboniferous–Recent
Hymenoptere2.jpg
Honeybee (order Hymenoptera)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Branch: Metapterygota
Infraclass: Neoptera

Neoptera is a classification group that includes most part of the winged insects, specifically those that can flex their wings over their abdomens. This is in contrast with the more basal orders of winged insects (the "Palaeoptera" assemblage), which are unable to flex their wings in this way.

Classification[edit]

Originally, the taxon Neoptera was proposed by А.М. Martynov, in the following classification:[1]

Pterygota

The order Thysanoptera originally had uncertain systematic position, and later was attributed to Paraneoptera.

Later, a number of other classifications had been proposed. According to various points of view, Neoptera is subordinated either directly to Pterygota (as in the Martynov's classification), or to Metapterygota: 1. Pterygota Gegenbaur 1878 1.1. Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms 1890 1.2. Metapterygota Börner 1909 1.2.1. Odonata Fabricius 1793 1.2.2. Neoptera Martynov 1923

Phylogeny[edit]

The most recent rank-free classification of Neoptera is shown in the cladogram:[2]

Neoptera
Idioprothoraca

Embioptera



Notoptera



Rhipineoptera

Plecoptera



Pandictyoptera



Saltatoria



Spectra (Phasmida)



Dermatoptera



Eumetabola
Parametabola

Zoraptera


Acercaria

Thysanoptera



Arthroidignatha




Metabola (Oligoneoptera)
Elytrophora

Coleoptera (Eleuterata)



Strepsiptera



Neuropteroidea

Birostrata



Rhaphidioptera



Meganeuroptera



Panzygothoraca

Hymenoptera



Enteracantha ("Mecoptera" + Aphaniptera)



Diptera


Amphiesmenoptera

Trichoptera



Lepidoptera







References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Neoptera at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Neoptera at Wikispecies