Neosho County, Kansas

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Neosho County, Kansas
County
Map of Kansas highlighting Neosho County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded June 3, 1861
Named for Neosho River
Seat Erie
Largest city Chanute
Area
 • Total 578 sq mi (1,497 km2)
 • Land 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Water 6.3 sq mi (16 km2), 1.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 16,146
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website NeoshoCountyKS.org

Neosho County (standard abbreviation: NO) is a county located in the south east of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 16,512.[1] The county seat is Erie.[2]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1861, Neosho County was established.

The first railroad was built through Neosho County in 1870.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 578 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (1.1%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 88
1870 10,206 11,497.7%
1880 15,121 48.2%
1890 18,561 22.7%
1900 19,254 3.7%
1910 23,754 23.4%
1920 24,000 1.0%
1930 22,665 −5.6%
1940 22,210 −2.0%
1950 20,348 −8.4%
1960 19,455 −4.4%
1970 18,812 −3.3%
1980 18,967 0.8%
1990 17,035 −10.2%
2000 16,997 −0.2%
2010 16,512 −2.9%
Est. 2016 16,146 [5] −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]
Age pyramid

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 16,997 people, 6,739 households, and 4,683 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,461 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.90% White, 0.87% Black or African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.05% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. 2.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,739 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,167, and the median income for a family was $38,532. Males had a median income of $26,906 versus $19,387 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,539. About 10.00% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 70.2% 4,431 23.8% 1,501 6.1% 382
2012 65.9% 4,272 31.6% 2,050 2.4% 158
2008 62.2% 4,473 35.6% 2,563 2.2% 156
2004 65.1% 4,705 33.5% 2,424 1.4% 102
2000 58.3% 4,014 37.6% 2,588 4.1% 284
1996 49.4% 3,409 36.6% 2,527 13.9% 961
1992 37.1% 2,926 35.5% 2,799 27.5% 2,168
1988 51.8% 3,739 47.1% 3,402 1.1% 81
1984 64.1% 4,968 34.6% 2,679 1.3% 102
1980 57.1% 4,613 36.2% 2,923 6.7% 541
1976 50.3% 4,038 47.9% 3,842 1.8% 144
1972 65.1% 5,034 33.1% 2,559 1.9% 145
1968 52.9% 3,950 36.5% 2,725 10.6% 789
1964 41.7% 3,458 57.8% 4,795 0.5% 43
1960 62.7% 5,877 36.8% 3,451 0.5% 43
1956 66.0% 5,886 33.7% 3,005 0.3% 29
1952 68.6% 6,595 31.1% 2,987 0.3% 32
1948 56.7% 5,072 42.1% 3,770 1.2% 105
1944 62.5% 5,420 37.3% 3,233 0.3% 26
1940 59.4% 6,556 40.1% 4,419 0.5% 56
1936 50.6% 5,777 49.1% 5,611 0.4% 41
1932 42.3% 4,212 56.4% 5,616 1.4% 137
1928 72.3% 6,603 26.9% 2,459 0.8% 74
1924 58.7% 5,106 26.1% 2,274 15.2% 1,319
1920 60.8% 5,150 37.7% 3,195 1.4% 122
1916 43.9% 4,053 52.9% 4,891 3.2% 295
1912 30.2% 1,580 38.1% 1,993 31.8% 1,662
1908 53.2% 2,929 43.3% 2,386 3.6% 196
1904 62.1% 3,134 30.3% 1,530 7.6% 382
1900 50.9% 2,424 47.9% 2,279 1.2% 56
1896 45.2% 2,177 54.0% 2,601 0.8% 38
1892 47.8% 2,000 52.2% 2,183
1888 49.7% 2,134 26.6% 1,144 23.7% 1,019

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1998, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[12]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Neosho County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Neosho County is divided into twelve townships. The city of Chanute is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Big Creek 06675 456 4 (10) 124 (48) 1 (0) 0.47% 37°41′N 95°18′W / 37.683°N 95.300°W / 37.683; -95.300
Canville 10525 571 5 (12) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.34% 37°36′N 95°27′W / 37.600°N 95.450°W / 37.600; -95.450
Centerville 12375 564 5 (12) 123 (48) 1 (0) 0.93% 37°31′N 95°18′W / 37.517°N 95.300°W / 37.517; -95.300
Chetopa 12975 894 7 (19) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.40% 37°31′N 95°28′W / 37.517°N 95.467°W / 37.517; -95.467
Erie 21525 1,524 12 (32) 123 (47) 1 (1) 1.17% 37°35′N 95°16′W / 37.583°N 95.267°W / 37.583; -95.267
Grant 27800 384 3 (8) 125 (48) 0 (0) 0.19% 37°41′N 95°10′W / 37.683°N 95.167°W / 37.683; -95.167
Ladore 37600 401 3 (9) 121 (47) 3 (1) 2.69% 37°26′N 95°18′W / 37.433°N 95.300°W / 37.433; -95.300
Lincoln 40875 345 3 (7) 123 (47) 2 (1) 1.29% 37°26′N 95°9′W / 37.433°N 95.150°W / 37.433; -95.150
Mission 47250 927 8 (20) 119 (46) 5 (2) 3.97% 37°31′N 95°10′W / 37.517°N 95.167°W / 37.517; -95.167
Shiloh 65300 297 2 (6) 125 (48) 0 (0) 0.25% 37°26′N 95°28′W / 37.433°N 95.467°W / 37.433; -95.467
Tioga 70650 885 8 (21) 109 (42) 1 (1) 1.21% 37°42′N 95°27′W / 37.700°N 95.450°W / 37.700; -95.450
Walnut Grove 75175 338 3 (7) 125 (48) 0 (0) 0.11% 37°36′N 95°10′W / 37.600°N 95.167°W / 37.600; -95.167

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 349. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  13. ^ Burns, Tim (September 19, 2005). "Welcome To USD #247". Cherokee, USD 247. Retrieved 2007-01-23. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 37°34′N 95°17′W / 37.567°N 95.283°W / 37.567; -95.283