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Neotantra, navatantra (Sanskrit: नव, nava 'new') or tantric sex, is the modern, western variation of tantra often associated with new religious movements. This includes both New Age and modern Western interpretations of traditional Hindu and Buddhist tantra. Some of its proponents refer to ancient and traditional texts and principles,[1][2] and many others use tantra as a catch-all phrase for "sacred sexuality", and may incorporate unorthodox practices. In addition, not all of the elements of Indian tantric practices are used in neotantra, in particular the reliance on a guru parampara.

Historic Sexual practices in traditional Tantra[edit]

The practice of Tantric Buddhism in Western Xia led to the spread of some sexually related customs. Before they could get married to men of their own ethnicity when they reached 30 years old, Uighur women in Shanxi in the 12th century had children after having sex with multiple Han Chinese men, with her desirability as a wife corresponding to if she had been with a large number of men.[3][4][5]

Tantric sexuality[edit]

See also: Tantra and Tantra massage

As tantric practice became known in western culture, which has escalated since the 1960s, it has become identified with its sexual methods in the West. Consequently, its essential nature as a spiritual practice is often overlooked. The roles of sexuality in tantra and in neotantra, while related, are actually quite different, reflecting substantial differences in their cultural contexts.


Many teachers of this version of tantra believe that sex and sexual experiences are sacred acts, which are capable of elevating their participants to a higher spiritual plane.[6] They often talk about raising Kundalini energy,[7][8] worshiping the divine feminine, activating the chakras.[9] In this context, the word "tantra", generally refers to the set of techniques for cultivating a more fulfilling sexual or loving relationship. On the other hand, there are also some truly dedicated scholars and teachers in the field of modern tantra.

Guru Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, later known as Osho, used his version of tantra in combination with breathing techniques, bio-energy, yoga, and massage in some of the groups at his ashram. He is the author of many books on meditation, taoism, buddhism, and mysticism, and at least six on tantra. One of them is Tantra, The Supreme Understanding, in which he unpacks the verses of the "Song of Mahamudra", by Tilopa. In addition out of his discourses on the Vigyan Bhiarav (or Vijnaya-bhairava), the 112 practices for enlightenment resulted in the much longer The Book of Secrets.[10] His students continue to develop his concepts.

One of Osho's students, Margot Anand, founded a school called "Skydancing" tantra. She is the author of dozens of books including the Art of Everyday Ecstasy and the Art of Sexual Magic, today is of the opinion that sex is a limitation...awakening or enlightenment means transcend of all which is fenomenal, temporary and transient. Another modern tantrika is Daniel Odier who believes that desire can be a valid pathway to transcendence.[11] Sexologists, porn star and mother of Yoni massage Annie Sprinkle and Joseph Kramer (Sex educator) and father of Lingham massage are two examples of practitioners who teach sacred erotic massage. Joseph Kramer is known to have developed TAO EROTIC MASSAGE. Andro Andreas Rothe (German Zen Monk) developed Tantra Massage and Tantra Erotic Massage. Erotic (isn't necessarily sexual) it means a massage that massages the primary herogenous zones of the body; Penis Anus Vagina and Mouth. Shakti Verah Andro's direct student, and Sri Moojiji (Advaita master) direct disciple, take the view that herogenous zones are totally a-sexual organs. Verah works with the body through tantra massage and tantra erotic massage to point to the no body. She doesn't seem to pay any attention do sexual energy - in her words : "sexuality is the highest state of duality. As such unless we transcend sex we cannot rise beyond our basic ordinary human condition which marked by life procreation death. oneness is sexless gender less bodiless...

In 1997 Deborah Anapol convened a national Celebration of Eros, "a Conference on Sacred Sexuality, bringing together for the first time, teachers from Tantric, Taoist, Sufi, Buddhist, Jewish, Pagan, Hindu, Shinto, Wiccan, Occult, Native American, and Afro-Caribbean traditions."


Georg Feuerstein, a German Indologist who also trained in tantra, writes in the epilogue of his book Tantra: Path of Ecstasy:

"Many are attracted to Neo-Tantrism because it promises sexual excitement or fulfillment while clothing purely genital impulses or neurotic emotional needs in an aura of spirituality. If we knew more about the history of Tantra in India, we would no doubt find a comparable situation for every generation." He goes on to say, "Today translations of several major Tantras are readily available in book form... This gives would-be Tantrics the opportunity to concoct their own idiosyncratic ceremonies and philosophies, which they can then promote as Tantra."[12]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Yoga Spandakarika: The Sacred Texts at the Origins of Tantra, Daniel Odier (2004)
  2. ^ The Yoga of Delight, Wonder, and Astonishment, A Translation of the Vijnaya-bhairava, Jaideva Singh, Motilal Banarsidass Publisher (1991)
  3. ^ Michal Biran (15 September 2005). The Empire of the Qara Khitai in Eurasian History: Between China and the Islamic World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 164–. ISBN 978-0-521-84226-6. 
  4. ^ Dunnell, Ruth W. (1983). Tanguts and the Tangut State of Ta Hsia. Princeton University. , page 228
  5. ^ 洪, 皓. 松漠紀聞. 
  6. ^ Sacred Orgasms, Kenneth Ray Stubbs (1992)
  7. ^ Kundalini: Evolution and Enlightenment, Edited by John White, Paragon House (1979), Page 27-47
  8. ^ Tantric Yoga: The Royal Path to Raising Kundalini Power, Gavin and Yvonne Frost, Samuel Weiser Publishing (1989)
  9. ^ Jewel in the Lotus: The Sexual Path to Higher Consciousness, Sunyata Saraswati and Bodhi Avinasha, Kriya Jyoti Tantra Society (1987), Pages 77-90
  10. ^ Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh (1998)
  11. ^ Desire: The Tantric Path To Awakening, Daniel Odier, Inner Tradition Publishing (2001)
  12. ^ Tantra: The Path of Ecstasy, Georg Feuerstein, Shambala Press (1998), Page 271