Neottia bifolia

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Neottia bifolia
Neottia bifolia (as Ophrys australis) BB-1913.png
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Neottieae
Genus: Neottia
N. bifolia
Binomial name
Neottia bifolia
(Raf.) Baumbach[1]
  • Listera australis Lindl.
  • Neottia australis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers 1852, illegitimate homonym, not R. Br. 1810
  • Diphryllum bifolium Raf.
  • Diphryllum australe (Lindl.) Kuntze
  • Ophrys australis (Lindl.) House
  • Bifolium australe (Lindl.) Nieuwl.
  • Listera australis f. trifolia P.M.Br

Neottia bifolia (syn. Listera australis), common name southern twayblade,[2] is a species of terrestrial orchid found in eastern Canada (from Nova Scotia to Ontario) and the eastern United States (from Florida west to eastern Texas and north to Vermont).[1][3][4]


  1. ^ a b c "Neottia bifolia", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-04-05
  2. ^ "Plants Profile for Listera australis (southern twayblade)", USDA Plants, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, retrieved 2012-04-05 (as Listera australis)
  3. ^ Flora of North America v 26 p 587, Southern twayblade, Listera australis Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 456. 1840.
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution map, Neottia bifolia

External links[edit]