Neovius surface

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Neovius' minimal surface in a unit cell.

In differential geometry, the Neovius surface is a triply periodic minimal surface originally discovered by Finnish mathematician Edvard Rudolf Neovius (the uncle of Rolf Nevanlinna).[1][2]

The surface has genus 9, dividing space into two infinite non-equivalent labyrinths. Like many other triply periodic minimal surfaces it has been studied in relation to the microstructure of block copolymers, surfactant-water mixtures,[3] and crystallography of soft materials.[4]

It can be approximated with the level set surface[5]

In Schoen's categorisation it is called the C(P) surface, since it is the "complement" of the Schwarz P surface. It can be extended with further handles, converging towards the expanded regular octahedron (in Schoen's categorisation)[6][7]


  1. ^ E. R. Neovius, "Bestimmung zweier spezieller periodischer Minimalflächen", Akad. Abhandlungen, Helsingfors, 1883.
  2. ^ Eric A. Lord, and Alan L. Mackay, Periodic minimal surfaces of cubic symmetry, Current science, vol. 85, no. 3, 10 August 2003
  3. ^ S. T. Hyde, Interfacial architecture in surfactant-water mixtures: Beyond spheres, cylinders and planes. Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 1617–1622, 1992
  4. ^ AL Mackay, Flexicrystallography: curved surfaces in chemical structures, Current Science, 69:2 25 July 1995
  5. ^ Meinhard Wohlgemuth, Nataliya Yufa, James Hoffman, and Edwin L. Thomas. Triply Periodic Bicontinuous Cubic Microdomain Morphologies by Symmetries. Macromolecules, 2001, 34 (17), pp 6083–6089
  6. ^ Alan H. Schoen, Triply Periodic Minimal Surfaces (TPMS),
  7. ^ Ken Brakke, C-P Family of Triply Periodic Minimal Surfaces,