House of Representatives (Nepal)

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House of Representatives
प्रतिनिधि सभा
Type
Type
Seats 275
Elections
Mixed member majoritarian (first past the post for 165 members, proportional representation for 110 members)
Last election
May 1999
Next election
November and December, 2017

The House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा) is the lower house of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Nepal. (The upper house is the Rastriya Sabha.) The composition and powers of the house are established by Parts 8 and 9 of the Constitution of Nepal. The House has 275 members: 165 are elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting and 110 are elected through proportional electoral system where voters vote for political parties, considering the whole country as a single election constituency.[1]

Unless dissolved, the term of the House of Representatives is five years. The Prime Minister must obtain the support of the majority of the House.

History[edit]

The House of Representatives was first provisioned by the "Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal 1990". It consisted of 205 members directly elected from single member constituencies. It had five-year terms, but it could be dissolved by the King on the advice of the Prime Minister before the ending of its term.

Three elections were held for the House of Representative.

Pratinidhi Sabha building of Nepal (moderation of ancient Gallery Hall)

The last House of Representative was dissolved by King Gyanendra on advice from The Prime Minister, Sher Bahadur Deuba, in May 2002 in order to hold new elections. Elections could not take place due to the ongoing civil war, which eventually led King Gyanendra to stage a royal coup. Following the democracy movement of 2006, the King reinstated the earlier legislature. On 15 January 2007, the House of Representatives was transformed into an Interim legislature. The Interim legislature consisted of members appointed by an agreement between the Seven Party Alliance and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).

Membership[edit]

The qualifications for becoming a member of the House are laid out in Article 87 of the Constitution and House of Representatives Election Act, 2017. Members must be :

  • a citizen of Nepal
  • twenty five years or older on date of nomination
  • registered voter
  • without a criminal offense conviction involving moral turpitude
  • not disqualified by any federal law
  • not hold any office of profit (paid by the government).

Speakers[edit]

Name Period
Daman Nath Dhungana 1991 - 1994
Ram Chandra Poudel 1994 - 1999
Taranath Ranabhat 1999 - 2002

1999 Elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 3 and May 17, 1999 Nepal House of Representatives election results
Party Votes  % of votes Seats  % of seats
Nepali Congress 3,214,068 37.29 111 54.15
Communist Party of Nepal (UML) 2,728,725 31.66 71 34.63
Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Thapa) 899,511 10.44 11 5.37
Nepal Sadbhavana Party 277,239 3.22 5 2.44
Rastriya Jana Morcha 121,394 1.41 5 2.44
Samyukta Janmorcha Nepal 70,119 0.81 1 0.49
Nepal Workers and Peasants Party 48,015 0.56 1 0.49
Communist Party of Nepal (ML) 567,987 6.59 0 0
Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Chand) 293,952 3.41 0 0
Rastriya Janamukti Party 92,567 1.07 0 0
Nepali Janata Dal 11,175 0.13 0 0
Janamukti Party Nepal 9,528 0.11 0 0
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) 7,654 0.09 0 0
Nepal Dalit Shramik Morcha 6,852 0.08 0 0
Hariyali Nepal Party 6,638 0.08 0 0
Mongol National Organisation[2] 6,329 0.08 0 0
Nepali Janta Party Rastriya Sambriddhibad 4,835 0.06 0 0
Communist Party of Nepal (United) 4,715 0.05 0 0
Rastriya Janata Parishad 3,434 0.04 0 0
Jana Congress 1,906 0.02 0 0
Shivsena Nepal 1,727 0.02 0 0
Nepal Socialist Party 950 0.01 0 0
Bahujan Samaj Party, Nepal 835 0.01 0 0
Nepal Praja Parishad 773 0.01 0 0
Samyukta Prajatantra Party Nepal 297 0.00 0 0
Nepal Samyabadi Party (MLM) 190 0.00 0 0
Save the Nation Movement 161 0.00 0 0
Pragati Upayogoto, Nepal 155 0.00 0 0
Nepal Janabhavana Party 120 0.00 0 0
Rastrabadi Janata Party 105 0.00 0 0
Social Democratic Party 97 0.00 0 0
Samajbadi Garib Party 81 0.00 0 0
Nepal Janahit Party 68 0.00 0 0
Nepal Suraksha Party 56 0.00 0 0
Nepal Rastrabadi Dal 55 0.00 0 0
Mechi-Mahakali Jana Samanwaya Dal 35 0.00 0 0
Independents 236,548 2.74 0 0

[3]

References[edit]

See also[edit]