House of Representatives (Nepal)
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|House of Representatives
|Mixed member majoritarian (first past the post for 165 members, proportional representation for 110 members)|
|November and December, 2017|
The House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा) is the lower house of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Nepal. (The upper house is the Rastriya Sabha.) The composition and powers of the house are established by Parts 8 and 9 of the Constitution of Nepal. The House has 275 members: 165 are elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting and 110 are elected through proportional electoral system where voters vote for political parties, considering the whole country as a single election constituency.
Unless dissolved, the term of the House of Representatives is five years. The Prime Minister must obtain the support of the majority of the House.
The House of Representatives was first provisioned by the "Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal 1990". It consisted of 205 members directly elected from single member constituencies. It had five-year terms, but it could be dissolved by the King on the advice of the Prime Minister before the ending of its term.
Three elections were held for the House of Representative.
- General Election 1991 (Term May 1991 - August 1994) Dissolved by Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala announcing Mid-term Election.
- Mid Term Election 1994 (Term October 1994 - May 1999)
- General Election 1999 (Term May 1999 - May 2002) Dissolved by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba announcing Mid-term Election.
The last House of Representative was dissolved by King Gyanendra on advice from The Prime Minister, Sher Bahadur Deuba, in May 2002 in order to hold new elections. Elections could not take place due to the ongoing civil war, which eventually led King Gyanendra to stage a royal coup. Following the democracy movement of 2006, the King reinstated the earlier legislature. On 15 January 2007, the House of Representatives was transformed into an Interim legislature. The Interim legislature consisted of members appointed by an agreement between the Seven Party Alliance and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
The qualifications for becoming a member of the House are laid out in Article 87 of the Constitution and House of Representatives Election Act, 2017. Members must be :
- a citizen of Nepal
- twenty five years or older on date of nomination
- registered voter
- without a criminal offense conviction involving moral turpitude
- not disqualified by any federal law
- not hold any office of profit (paid by the government).
|Daman Nath Dhungana||1991 - 1994|
|Ram Chandra Poudel||1994 - 1999|
|Taranath Ranabhat||1999 - 2002|
- Article 86 (2) Constitution of Nepal
- Ran as independents. Figures based on http://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/stored/pdfs/ps034.pdf
- List of the Political Parties
|This Nepal-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This legislature-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|