Nepal Student Union
|Formation||19 April 1970|
|Nain Singh Mahar|
|Kundan Kafle & Saroj Thapa|
Nepal Student Union is one of the major student political wings in Nepal. The Nepal Student Union represents the Nepali Congress, currently the largest political party in the Legislature Parliament of Nepal. During the autocratic King's rule (Panchayati Byawastha), the union played a major role in unifying students to overthrow King's direct rule and establish democracy in the country.
- 1 History
- 1.1 The development process of student Rebel
- 1.2 Jayantu Sanskritam Rebel
- 1.3 The Establishment of Nepal Pupil Union (Nepal Chhatra Sangh)
- 1.4 Nepal National Students Federation
- 1.5 Nepal Youth Party (Nepal Tarun Dal)
- 1.6 The Rebel of Free Student Union
- 1.7 Nepal Pupil and Youth Organization
- 1.8 Assembly of Intra High School
- 1.9 The Strike of University Students
- 1.10 Intra College Students Assembly
- 1.11 The Preparation of First General Assembly
- 2 Ideologies
- 3 See also
The organization was formed during autocratic Panchayat era. It was formed in March 1970 in Kathmandu by Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, Marshall Julum Shakya and current politicians Arjun Narasingha K.C. and Sher Bahadur Deuba.
The first major student movement was held in 1979 for the sake of Free Student Union and for the restoration of Democracy in Nepal. The first president of Nepal student union was Bipin Koirala in 1970. In the year 1971, Sher Bahadur Deuba became the second president of the Nepal student union.
The development process of student Rebel
The history of the developing process of student rebel suggests us that students have been presenting their rebellious nature since 2006. In India, Mahatma Gandhi was agitating against the English government school. B.P. Koirala in his very young age of 11 years was also involved in that rebel under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.
In the age of 15, B.P. Koirala was arrested because he was fighting for the emancipation of Nepali people from Rana Rein. He was the President of Congress Socialist Party of boys section. And Ganesh Man Singh was expelled from Durbar High School; Krishna Prasad Bhattarai was the Vice President of “Nepal Chatra Sangh“, the union of Nepali Students in Banarash.
Students were the agents who exploded the revolution against the tyrannical system of Rana rein. In the context of student rebel, in BS 1997, magh 16, the student leader of Tri-Chandra College, Ganga Lal Shrestha was killed by hanging on a tree in Shova Bhagawati. So, he is called first martyr of the student rebel.
Jayantu Sanskritam Rebel
Jayantu Sanskritam Rebal was considered as the most significant and the first student rebel of Nepal. The Students of the Sanskrit educations agitated against the policy of contemporary government. The role of the students was to create awareness among the people and to spread the political consciousness as the significant beginning of democracy. So, Jayantu Sanskritam rebel was considered as the first beam of rebel or revolution.
The Establishment of Nepal Pupil Union (Nepal Chhatra Sangh)
The ebb and flow of freedom in India had its influence on democracy in Nepal. As a result, the heart of puppet government of Ranas’ started trembling. In spite of the excessive suppression by Rana, a few energetic youths gathered in Kupondole and organized a debating club under the chairperson-ship of Ganesh Bahadur Gurung and the other members of that committee were Basu Rimal, Surendra Raj Sharma, Gobind Lohani, Mrigendra Raj Pandey, Tej Bahadur prasai, Puskarnath Upadhaya, Krishna Babu etc. All the students were being prepared to rebel against the Rana Rein. And the debating club after while changed into Nepal Pupil Union during 2025 BS
Nepal National Students Federation
Nepal N.S.P. is one of the students unions of Nepal established before 2007, Fagun, 7. Later the students who believed on leftist ideology had felt another student association as a result Nepal National Student Federation was born. It became active against the Rana rein.
Nepal Youth Party (Nepal Tarun Dal)
Nepal Youth party was established as a socialist party on 10th Kartik 2010. The purpose of union or party was to aware the pessimist youths living in different parts of Nepal. The union got the unexpected support and belief from the energetic and politically conscious youths of the then period. The slogan was recited by the youths “Samajbad Jindabad” which was skyscraping all over the country. As a result in many parts of country the branches of this organization began to be organized. It created a kind of optimism over the youths.
The Rebel of Free Student Union
On the Ist poush, 2017 military event had totally obstructed the all parties except the student unions. The students leaders of Nepal Pupil Union (Nepali Congress Supporters) and Nepal Youth Party were arrested which badly affected the leaders and cadres of other student unions negatively as a result the students of other parties became passive.Nepal National Student Federation and other leftist student union had been already involved in Panchyati System. Nepal Sanskrit Student Union also became passive and less meaningful. In the initial period of panchayati system, the people could not raise their voice against the Panchyati Suppression and it had declared the total prohibition over the all student union. In 2017, the students were agitating the movement of King Mahendra. The student leaders were Sailaja Acharya, Marshal Julum Shakya and so on.
Nepal Pupil and Youth Organization
The joint organization between Nepal pupil and youth union had a significant role as it was managed by the migrated Nepali Students in Darbhanga India. They were trying to collect the India’s support to establish the democracy in Nepal. The leaders of the Union were C.K. Prasai, President, Maheshwor Singh, the General Secretary and others are Shiva Chand Jha, Arbinda Thakur and so on.
Assembly of Intra High School
In spite of the excessive obstruction of Panchyati government, the rebellious students had never left their ethics of revolution. The political parties in which ethics and belief, the students were concerned, were directly or indirectly opposing the Panchyati tyrants. Although the great suppression of that system had badly affected the students movement but the students were never tired agitating them. Even the students of high school level were encouraged to have been participated in the movement of anti Panchayati system. On the process of that movement, students had taken a risk and they organized an assembly of 22 high school’s student in 2019 to aware the people about democracy. The students of college or campus were also agitating the Panchayati government. The assembly is still regarded as one of the historical movement in the entire history of Nepalese politics.
The Strike of University Students
After having the right to organize the union, the first student’s strike was held on 22 Baisakh, 2020. On Baisakh 19, 2020 the then principal of university Surya Bahadur Sakya had punished the students Dambar Biru, the student of English department TU and Shree Bhakta Gobinda Shrestha as a result, the students agitated against his punishment. In the process of that strike, an action committee was formed under the chairmanship of Naba Raj Subedi.
Intra College Students Assembly
Before 2007 B.S., there was only one college in Nepal which was Tri-Chandra College. In Tri-Chandra College only the arts education was available. During that period those students who were interested to study science in further level should go to India. After 2007 BS, or after the democracy, there was a mushroom growth of school in Nepal as a result average people could get the education in Nepal easily. Till the military evidence there were 29 colleges in Nepal, there was not the favorable environment for the uplifting of university education.
There were lack of the furniture, infrastructure and other facilities although Tribhuvan University had already been established. The first vice chancellor Mr. Subarna Samser Rana had formed the educational activities dynamically to uplift the educational qualities. He had also developed the technical and physical aspect of Tribhuvan University. Due to the military evidence of 2017, the educational activities were obstructed. The students were hardly succeed to organize the student unions to solve the class problems. The students were deprived of organizing the student unions till 2019.
In spite of many challenges and obstacles the students were being able to form the union in 2019 B.S. The first president of the Student Union was Nawaraj Subedi. Subedi not only did the work against the students sprit but also he had shown his moral support to the Panchayati government as a result students on the basis of his disbelief had made him quit from the committee and selected Daman Nath Dhungana as an acting president.
The election of Tribhuvan University had organized the second union. There are so many unions among the inter colleges of TU in Nepal. The student organizations of intra valley college had decided to have assembly from 25 to 29 Baisakh 2021. The students of Tri-Chandra College had hung the banners at the fence of Rani Pokhari in which ‘Intra College Assembly‘ was written. The assembly was held in Trichandra college at Saraswati Sadan. It was the symbol of students courage to be appeared before the tyrannical government.
The Preparation of First General Assembly
There was no change in the exploiting nature of Panchyati tyrannical government over the democratic forces. The students were going to be more energetic and rebellious against it. The government was being fully restless. The victory of the democratic candidates on the election of union in Tribhuvan University was considered as the first attempt of democracy.
B.P Koirala has said, “Country and Nation is not that geography or territory rather nationality is the word which targets to the spirit of collective people”. Nationality is a feeling which is emerged spontaneously to let out the any kind of crisis. There are three significant factors under that definition.
a) Universality b) The trial to solve it and c) the unification of emotion emerged through the trial.
Nepal Student Union has always been to save the sovereignty and self-existence of people. To solve the critical problems of country, to have saved the essence of Nepali, to protect the self-pride of being Nepali and to develop the feelings of “I am Nepali”. NSU has regarded the nationality, which cannot be strengthened without democracy.
Democracy is the government of the people, for the people and by the people. NSU has a belief on democracy. In democracy people become free in terms of speaking, information, freedom to conduct mass meetings and all kinds of fundamental rights have been secured.
Democracy does not believe in threatens and challenges to modify the people’s concept of politics. It is also an alternative form of secrete voting rights of the people as their own wish. It regards the election system as the best system of selecting the participants of the people. The elected members of the people govern the government. There is also the respect for the less majority group. There is also the right to call back the public participants if they do fake activities before the people. To conduct the election on fix time and compose the government to establish the all system of country. To change the government peacefully, only the democracy is essential. The elected member of people can make the law in democracy.