1999 Nepalese legislative election
All 205 seats to the Pratinidhi Sabha
103 seats were needed for a majority
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politics and government of
A legislative election was held in Nepal on May 3 and May 17, 1999.
Background and outcome
The last elections to the Pratinidhi Sabha prior to these had been in 1994 when the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) had been victorious and the first ever popularly elected communist government was formed. Yet by 1999, infighting, such as the departure of the Bam Dev Gautam and C.P. Mainali led splinter group, had got in the way of policy decisions and put certain people off voting for the party. The election resulted in a clear victory for Nepali Congress and they increased their number of seats by 28 and the CPN (UML) total fell by 17. Even when this number is combined with the figures of the other communist parties (Rashtriya Jana Morcha, Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party) the total was still 23 below the total of Nepali Congress.
Following the elections, however, the various parties found it difficult to cooperate and finalise a policy of the Maoist rebels, culminating in the 2002 dissolution of the parliament by King Gyanendra.
Following the 2006 Loktantra Andolan, in which all of the parties successful in 1999, except the royalist Rashtriya Prajatantra Party participated in the Seven Party Alliance, the House was reinstated in 2006.
Distribution of seats
- Ran as independents. Figures based on http://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/stored/pdfs/ps034.pdf
- List of the Political Parties