Nepalis

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Nepali people, Nepalis
नेपाली, 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐩𑐶
Map of the Nepali Diaspora in the World.svg
[Map of the Nepali Diaspora in the World]]
Total population
c. 26 million[1] (2011, census)
Regions with significant populations
Nepal
 Indiaestimated 2,926,168 (2011 Census of India)[2]
 Malaysia700,000(estimated)
 Burma405,069
 Qatar406,917[3]
 Saudi Arabia334,451[3]
 United Statesaround 200,385
 United Kingdom164,000 (2018)[4]
 Australia131,830 (2020)[5]
 United Arab Emirates224,905[3]
 Japan87,148[3]
 Kuwait71,193[3]
 South Korea60,000 (2017)[6]
 Hong Kong25,472[3]
 Canada14,385 (2016)
 Singapore7,000[3]
 Oman17,057[3]
Languages
Languages of Nepal
Official languages of Nepal
Religion
Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Kirant, Christianity, Prakriti
Related ethnic groups
Nepali diaspora

Nepalis (English: Nepalese ; Nepali: नेपाली), or Nepali people (Nepali: नेपाली), also known as Nepa-mi (Nepal Bhasa : 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐩𑐶, नेपाःमि),[7] are the citizens of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law. The country is home to people of many different national origins. Nepali may also refer to non-citizen residents, dual citizens, and expatriates.[8]

Nepal is a multicultural and multi-ethnic country. Kathmandu Valley, in the middle hill region, constitutes a small fraction of the nation's area but is the most densely populated, with almost 5 percent of the nation's population.[9][10]

Names[edit]

The name Nepalese has been recorded in usage of English language,[8] however is rejected as an Anglicization.[11] The term Nepa-mi (Nepal Bhasa : 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐩𑐶, नेपाःमि) is used among the Newars.[7]

History[edit]

The Gopala and Mahishpala dynasty has been recorded as earliest instance of Nepali people.[12]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The population ranking of 125 Nepali castes/ethnic groups as per the 2011 Nepal census.[1]

Rank Caste/ethnic groups Population Percentage composition
1 Chhetri 4,398,053 16.60%
2 Hill Brahman/Bahun 3,226,903 12.18%
3 Magar 1,887,733 7.12%
4 Tharu 1,737,470 6.56%
5 Tamang 1,539,830 5.81%
6 Newar 1,321,933 4.99%
7 Kami 1,258,554 4.75%
8 Nepali Muslims 1,164,255 4.39%
9 Yadav 1,054,458 3.98%
10 Rai 690,989 2.34%
11 Gurung 522,641 1.97%
12 Sherpa 472,862 1.78%
13 Thakuri 425,623 1.61%
14 Limbu 387,300 1.46%
15 Sarki 374,816 1.41%
16 Teli 369,688 1.40%
17 Chamar/Harijan/Ram 335,893 1.27%
18 Koiri/Kushwaha 306,393 1.16%
19 Musahar 234,490 0.89%
20 Kurmi 231,129 0.87%
21 Sanyasi/Dasnami 227,822 0.86%
22 Dhanuk 219,808 0.83%
23 Dusadh/Pasawan/Pasi 208,910 0.79%
24 Raute 618 0.00%
25 Nurang 278 0.00%
26 Kusunda 273 0.00%
27 Hyolmo / Yolmo 1,50,000 1%
Others 132,321 0.7%
- Total 26,494,504 100.00%

Nepali diaspora[edit]

The Nepali diaspora or Non Resident Nepali are Nepali people living overseas.[13] The Non-resident Nepali Act, 2064 of Nepal defines a non-resident Nepali as someone who is a foreign citizen of Nepalese origin including a Nepalese citizen residing abroad.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics (Nepal). November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  2. ^ Thapa, Deepak (28 January 2018). "Counting heads". The Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on 14 July 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Migration in Nepal: A Country Profile 2019". International Organization for Migration. 18 December 2019. Archived from the original on 10 November 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Table 1.3: Overseas-born population in the United Kingdom, excluding some residents in communal establishments, by sex, by country of birth, January 2018 to December 2018". Office for National Statistics. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2020. Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95% confidence intervals.
  5. ^ "Migration, Australia Statistics onAustralia's international migration". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 27 April 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  6. ^ "All empty everywhere: Nepali workers describe life in South Korea under Covid-19". The Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  7. ^ a b "नेपाःमि [nepāḥmi]". Nepalbhasa Dictionary. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "Non-resident Nepali Act, 2064". Nepal Law Commission. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  9. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Nepalese peoples and nationality law". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on 9 January 2021. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  11. ^ "You've been getting our name wrong, says Nepal's Foreign Minister". SBS Nepali. 27 November 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  12. ^ "History Of Nepal". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  13. ^ "Non Resident Nepali (NRN) ID". Embassy of Nepal, USA. Retrieved 10 November 2021.