|City of Nepean||1978–2001|
|• Mayor||Jim Watson|
|• City councillors||Carol Anne Meehan, Jan Harder, Theresa Kavanagh, Rick Chiarelli, Keith Egli, Scott Moffatt|
|• Member of Parliament||Chandra Arya, Anita Vandenbeld|
|• Member of Provincial Parliament||Lisa MacLeod, Chandra Pasma|
|• Total||217.00 km2 (83.78 sq mi)|
|• Density||790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||613, 343|
Nepean (//) is a part of Ottawa, Ontario, located west of Ottawa's inner core. It was an independent city until amalgamated with the Regional Municipality of Ottawa–Carleton in 2001 to become the new city of Ottawa. However, the name "Nepean" continues in common usage in reference to the area. The population of Nepean is about 170,544 people (2016 Census).
Although the neighbouring municipality of Kanata formed the entrepreneurial and high tech centre of the region, Nepean hosted noted industries such as Nortel Networks, JDS Uniphase and Gandalf Technologies. As with the rest of the National Capital Region, however, Nepean's economy was also heavily dependent on federal government employment. Most of Nepean's employed residents commute to downtown Ottawa or Kanata for work.
Nepean's policies of operational and capital budgeting prudence contrasted with the budget philosophies of some other municipalities in the area. Nepean instituted a strict 'pay-as-you-go' budgeting scheme. The city entered amalgamation with a large surplus and a record of tax restraint. However, most big-ticket municipal infrastructure items (transit, garbage collection, sanitary sewers, water, arterial roads, social services) were the responsibility of the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton. It maintained its own library system from 1954 to amalgamation, its own police force from 1964 until it was regionalized in the 1990s; its own fire service and its own recreation programs. Hydro services were the responsibility of the Hydro-Electric Commission of the City of Nepean (commonly referred to as Nepean Hydro). Education in the City of Nepean was provided by the Carleton Board of Education (later amalgamated with the Ottawa Board of Education to form the Ottawa-Carleton District School Board).
Prior to amalgamation, Nepean's City Council spent many tax dollars aggressively campaigning against what they (and their allies) referred to as the "megacity" model. The central plank of the strategy was to promote a tri-city model, which would have seen the ten municipalities of the Ottawa region reduced to three: one in the west (comprising Nepean, Kanata and the western rural municipalities), one in the east (comprising Gloucester, Cumberland and the eastern rural municipalities) and one in the centre (comprising Ottawa, Vanier and Rockcliffe Park). These efforts were in vain, as the one-city model eventually prevailed. (The one-city model was recommended by Glen Shortliffe, who was appointed by the Government of Ontario to study the issue of municipal reform in Ottawa-Carleton.)
Nepean has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with warm, humid summers and cold winters. The summers start in early June and end in late September with an average summer high temperature of 27 °C (81 °F). In Nepean, summers have about 220 mm (8.7 in) of rain. There is a 95% chance that all the precipitation comes by thunderstorms in the summer. There is also a small chance of cool, average rainy days in the summertime, especially in June. Nepean is also the Ottawa suburb that has the most hours of sunshine, with an average of 2,100 hours each year. In the winter, Nepean gets about 150–200 cm (59–79 in) of snow yearly with an average temperature of −5 °C (23 °F). Spring starts around late March and lasts until late May, with temperatures of about 10–15 °C (50–59 °F). The springtime has about 165 mm (6.5 in) of rain a year. The average temperature for fall is around 10 °C (50 °F). Autumn is the driest season in Nepean with only 100 mm (3.9 in) of rainfall annually. The gardening zone for this area is 6A.
Nepean Township, originally known as Township D, was established in 1792 and originally included what is now the central area of Ottawa west of the Rideau River. Jehiel Collins, from Vermont, is believed to have been the first person to settle in Nepean Township, on the future site of Bytown. Nepean was incorporated as a city on November 24, 1978. The geographic boundaries of Nepean changed considerably over this time; the original town hall of the township of Nepean was located in Westboro, which was annexed in 1950 by the city of Ottawa. Nepean's centre then moved to the community of Bells Corners. In the 1950 and 1960s, Nepean's urban area began to expand in previous rural areas in such areas as the community of Centrepointe in the east, and the community of Barrhaven in the south.
Prior to its amalgamation with 10 other municipalities into the new city of Ottawa in 2001, the population of Nepean was 124,878. The 2006 census population was 138,596.
In September 2018, Nepean was one of the regions hit by a powerful storm that spawned six tornados in the Ottawa area, causing widespread damage to the Arlington Woods, Craig Henry and Colonnade Road Business Park areas.
Communities and neighbourhoods
Prior to amalgamation, the following communities and neighbourhoods were within the city boundaries:
- Arlington Woods
- Bells Corners
- Borden Farm
- Bruce Farm
- Carleton Heights
- Cedarhill Estates
- Craig Henry
- Crystal Bay
- Crystal Beach
- City View
- Country Place
- Fisher Glen
- Fisher Heights
- Graham Park
- Grenfell Glen
- Hearts Desire
- Lakeview Park
- Leslie Park
- Merivale Gardens
- Orchard Estates
- Parkwood Hills
- Rideau Glen
- Rocky Point
- Ryan Farm
- Sheahan Estates
- Shirleys Bay
- St. Claire Gardens
- Stewart Farm
- Trend Village
- Twin Elm
- Valley Stream
According to the Canada 2001 Census:
- Population: 124,878
- % Change (1996–2001): 8.5
- Dwellings: 44,685
- Area (km2): 217.00
- Density (persons per km2.): 575.5
Nepean is an ethnically diverse area, and there is a large Asian population.
|Neighbourhood||Population (2021)||Population (2016)||Population (2011)||Population (2006)||Area (km2.)||Density (per km2.)||Census Tracts|
|Barrhaven West||15,940||16,387||17,253||17,887||4.43||3598.2||5050140.05, 5050140.04, 5050140.07, 5050140.06|
|Bells Corners||9,385||9,272||9,468||9,799||4.67||2009.6||5050136.02, 5050136.01|
|Chapman Mills-Heart's Desire-Jockvale-Barrhaven Mews||16,199||13,357||9,048||2,997||6.38||2539.0||5050141.13, 5050141.20, 5050141.21, 5050141.22|
|City View-Ryan Farm||5,784||5,092||4,913||4,756||2.42||2390.1||5050133.00|
|Davidson Heights-Rideau Glen-Ashdale||8,242||8,375||8,632||8,391||8.38||983.5||5050141.09, 5050141.18|
|Half Moon Bay||15,219||8,156||3,212||32||6.53||2331.7||5050141.24, 5050141.25|
|Longfields||21,504||19,763||17,242||15,278||4.61||4664.6||5050141.11, 5050141.10, 5050141.16, 5050141.17|
|Parkwood Hills-Borden Farm-Stewart Farm-Fisher Glen||11,100||10,161||10,050||10,189||2.86||3881.1||5050131.01, 5050131.02|
|Pineglen-Country Place-Merivale Gardens-Grenfell Glen-CitiPlace||4,172||3,950||3,893||3,385||11.07||376.9||5050130.01|
|Rural Nepean (Fallowfield, Orchard Estates, Cedarhill Estates, Twin Elm)||2,194||2,214||2,160||2,244||123.02||17.8||5050141.14|
Anglophone schools in Nepean are administered by the Ottawa-Carleton District School Board (OCDSB) and the Ottawa-Carleton Catholic School Board (OCCSB). Both the OCDSB and OCCSB headquarters are located within Nepean itself.
Francophone education is provided by the Conseil des écoles publiques de l'Est de l'Ontario (CÉPEO) and the Conseil des écoles catholiques du Centre-Est (CECCE).
Schools in Nepean include:
- Adrienne Clarkson Elementary School
- Barrhaven Public School
- Bayshore Public School
- Bells Corners Public School
- Berrigan Elementary School
- Briargreen Public School
- Chapman Mills Public School
- Farley Mowat Public School
- Jockvale Elementary School
- Knoxdale Public School
- Lakeview Public School
- École élémentaire publique Michaelle-Jean
- Manordale Public School
- Mary Honeywell Elementary School
- Meadowlands Public School
- Sir Winston Churchill Public School
- Crystal Bay Centre for Special Education
- Elizabeth Wyn Wood Secondary Alternate Program
- Graham Park Public School closed 1988
- J.S. Woodsworth Secondary School closed 2005
- Parkwood Hills Public School closed 2010
- Century Public School closed 2017
- D. Aubrey Moodie Intermediate School closed 2017
- Greenbank Public Middle School closed 2017
- Leslie Park Public School closed 2017
- Monsignor Paul Baxter School
- Our Lady of Peace School
- Pope John XXIII School
- St. Andrew School
- St. Elizabeth Ann Seton School
- St. Emily School
- St. Gregory School
- St. John the Apostle School
- St. Luke School, Nepean
- St. Monica School
- St. Patrick School
- St. Rita School
- St. Rose of Lima School
- Frank Ryan Intermediate School
- École Secondaire Catholique Pierre-Savard
- Collège catholique Franco-Ouest
- St. Mother Teresa High School
- St. Joseph High School
- St. Paul High School
- St. Patrick's Adult School
- Algonquin College (main campus)
Nepean City Hall
Ben Franklin Place, located in Centrepointe, was the city hall for Nepean until it became a part of Ottawa. Now, it serves as a government office and client service centre, as well as continuing to be home to a branch of the Ottawa Public Library and the Centrepointe Theatre.
Nepean Public Library
In 1853, the City of Nepean realized that a community library was needed. By means of a bylaw and a tax levy, a library was created. In 1870, a large fire swept through Nepean, destroying several of the schoolhouses where books were stored. For the next eighty years, the library was but a memory. It was in 1951, when Ruth E. Dickinson moved to Nepean from Calgary, that she become the driving force to develop a library in Nepean. The Nepean Public Library was officially opened on March 1, 1957 and was originally known as the City View Public Library. It became the Nepean Township Public Library on December 27, 1962
Running north-south, Merivale Road is the retail centre of Nepean, offering many smaller shops as well as big box stores. Colonnade Road Business Park is to the west of Merivale Road and south of Borden Farm, supporting many businesses along its two branches, including some federal offices such as the Public Health Agency of Canada and Canadian Corps of Commissionaires, and an OC Transpo bus depot. The boulevard of Hunt Club West hosts a large auto mall, big box stores, PetSmart, and Costco's Canadian headquarters, as well as a retail location. Further south is the Bentley Avenue industrial park where many independent auto shops are located, and a precast concrete factory. Several petroleum companies have fuel storage facilities in the area.
Nepean Museum located at 16 Rowley Avenue, Nepean Ontario is a museum that collects, preserves, researches, exhibits and interprets the works of man and nature in Nepean.
Nepean This Week is a weekly publication distributed in the Nepean area.
The Ottawa area's CTV affiliate, CJOH-DT, was headquartered on Merivale Road in Nepean. The studio was home to shows such as Graham Kerr's The Galloping Gourmet, and the cult children's classic You Can't Do That on Television. The building was ravaged by a fire on February 7, 2010, and was demolished in 2011. The Merivale Road complex is still home to Corus Entertainment's English-language stations CKQB-FM and CJOT-FM.
The following famous people were either born in, raised in, or consider Nepean their home town:
- Jamie Baker, former NHL hockey player and broadcaster
- Fred Brathwaite, former NHL hockey player, current goaltending coach with the Ottawa 67's
- Jeff Brown, former NHL hockey player, former head coach and GM of the Ottawa 67's of the Ontario Hockey League
- Andrew Calof, current professional hockey player with Torpedo Nizhny Novgorod (KHL)
- Jeff Chychrun, former NHL hockey player
- Doug Frobel, former pro baseball player
- Chester Hansen, bassist for BadBadNotGood and songwriter
- Charmaine Hooper, soccer player
- Jesse Levine, American-Canadian tennis player
- Steve MacLean, astronaut
- Milly McGee, Disney creator
- Sandra Oh, actress
- Jesse Palmer, Gridiron football player, TV's The Bachelor in 2004, TV sports analyst
- Darren Pang, former NHL hockey player, hockey analyst, 1984 Memorial Cup Champion with the Ottawa 67's
- Shermar Paul, rapper, songwriter and record producer under the alias 'Night Lovell'
- George Pettit, singer/songwriter for Alexisonfire
- Klea Scott, actress
- MacKenzie Weegar, hockey player with the Florida Panthers of the NHL, 2013 Memorial Cup Champion with the Halifax Mooseheads
- Jason York, former NHL hockey player, broadcaster
- Steve Yzerman, former NHL hockey player, current GM of the Detroit Red Wings
- Jeff Zywicki, professional lacrosse player and 2006 World Lacrosse Championship winner
- "Nepean, Ontario (City / Dissolved)". 2001 Community Profiles. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- "" Contact Us - General Inquires. Retrieved on October 4, 2018. "For general inquiries, contact us at: Ottawa-Carleton District School Board, 133 Greenbank Road Ottawa, ON K2H 6L3"
- "Contact Us." Ottawa Catholic School Board. Retrieved on December 15, 2014. "The Ottawa Catholic School Board administrative office, the Catholic Education Centre, is located in Nepean, Ontario." and "570 West Hunt Club Road, Nepean, Ontario, Canada K2G 3R4"
- Jenkins, Phil (2005). Shelf life: The short, full history of the Nepean Public Library. Ottawa: Ottawa Public Library. pp. 19–22. ISBN 9781894867023.
- "OPL History Primer". app06.ottawa.ca. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
- "CTV Ottawa newsroom destroyed by fire", CTV Ottawa, 2010-02-07
- "Fire destroys CTV newsroom". CBC.ca. February 7, 2010. Archived from the original on February 9, 2010.
- Elliott, Bruce S. (1991), The city beyond, a history of Nepean, birthplace of Canada’s capital 1792-1990, Nepean, Ontario: Corporation of the City of Nepean