Nepenthes veitchii

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Nepenthes veitchii
Nveitchii2.jpg
Nepenthes veitchii from Bario, Sarawak
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Nepenthaceae
Genus: Nepenthes
Species: N. veitchii
Binomial name
Nepenthes veitchii
Hook.f. (1859)[2]
Synonyms

Nepenthes veitchii (/nˈpɛnθz ˈvi./ or /ˈvi./; after James Veitch, nurseryman of the Veitch Nurseries),[4] or Veitch's Pitcher-Plant,[5] is a Nepenthes species from the island of Borneo. The plant is widespread in north-western Borneo and can also be found in parts of Kalimantan. Nepenthes veitchii usually grows as an epiphyte, though the form from Bario seems to be strictly terrestrial and has not been observed to climb trees.

Frederick William Burbidge described the growth habit of N. veitchii in The Gardeners' Chronicle as follows:[5][6]

Now as to N. Veitchii. This is a true epiphyte. I never met with it on the ground anywhere, but in great quantity 20—100 feet high on tree trunks. Its distichous habit is unique, I fancy, and then some of the leaves actually clasp around the tree just as a man would fold his arms around it in similar circumstances. No other species of Nepenthes, so far as I know, has this habit.

Odoardo Beccari found N. veitchii on the top of Mount Santubong in 1865. He wrote the following account of his discovery:[5][7]

This is one of the finest and rarest of all pitcher-plants. [...] Some of the specimens I got measured quite ten inches in length. The mouth of the pitcher in this species is certainly its most conspicuous and remarkable part by reason of its rich orange colour and its vertical position. It is also a perfect trap to entice insects into its interior, attracting them from a distance by its bright colours. Sir Joseph Hooker compares the mouth of the pitchers of N. veitchii to the gills of a fish, to which, indeed, with their narrow lamellae converging to the centre, they bear considerable resemblance.

Nepenthes veitchii is thought to be closely related to N. robcantleyi from the Philippines.[8] It has also been compared to N. truncata.[9]

Infraspecific taxa[edit]

The following infraspecific taxa of N. veitchii have been described.[10] Both are nomina nuda and are not considered valid today.

  • Nepenthes veitchii f. barioensis Hort. ex Y.Fukatsu (1999) nom.nud.
  • Nepenthes veitchii var. striata Hort.Veitch (1892) nom.nud.

Natural hybrids[edit]

The following natural hybrids involving N. veitchii have been recorded.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clarke, C.M.; Cantley, R.; Nerz, J.; Rischer, H.; Witsuba, A. (2000). "Nepenthes veitchii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2000: e.T39709A10257618. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2000.RLTS.T39709A10257618.en. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Hooker, J.D. 1859. XXXV. On the origin and development of the pitchers of Nepenthes, with an account of some new Bornean plants of that genus. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 22(4): 415–424. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1856.tb00113.x
  3. ^ Masters, M.T. 1872. The cultivated species of Nepenthes. The Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette 1872(16): 540–542.
  4. ^ a b c Phillipps, A., A. Lamb & C.C. Lee 2008. Pitcher Plants of Borneo. Second Edition. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  5. ^ a b c Phillipps, A. & A. Lamb 1996. Pitcher-Plants of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  6. ^ Burbidge, F.W. 1882. Notes on the new Nepenthes. The Gardeners' Chronicle, new series, 17(420): 56.
  7. ^ Beccari, O. 1904. Wanderings in the Great Forests of Borneo. Constable, London.
  8. ^ Cheek, M. 2011. Nepenthes robcantleyi sp. nov. (Nepenthaceae) from Mindanao, Philippines. Nordic Journal of Botany 29(6): 677–681. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.2011.01449.x
  9. ^ Macfarlane, J.M. 1927. The Philippine species of Nepenthes. The Philippine Journal of Science 33(2): 127–140.
  10. ^ Schlauer, J. N.d. Nepenthes veitchii. Carnivorous Plant Database.
  11. ^ a b c d Clarke, C.M. 1997. Nepenthes of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  12. ^ McPherson, S.R. 2009. Pitcher Plants of the Old World. 2 volumes. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.

Further reading[edit]