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Nephrolepis exaltata indoor0705c.jpg
Nephrolepis exaltata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Nephrolepidaceae
Genus: Nephrolepis
Schott, 1834

See text

Nephrolepis is a genus of about 30 species of ferns in the family Nephrolepidaceae (or Dryopteridaceae in some classifications).[1]

Commonly referred to as the macho ferns or swordferns, Nephrolepis is the only genus in the family Nephrolepidaceae that is part of the eupolypods I clade of the order Polypodiales,[2] in the class Polypodiopsida.[3]

Selected species[edit]

Some species of Nephrolepis are grown as ornamental plants. Nephrolepis exaltata and Nephrolepis obliterata are reported to be good plants for cleaning indoor air.[4]

Some Nephrolepis species may prove to be a good source of new antimicrobial chemicals.[5]


  1. ^ USDA: Nephrolepis; family Dryopteridaceae. . accessed 7 Sept. 2016.
  2. ^ Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Xian-Chun Zhang & Harald Schneider (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 19: 7–54.
  3. ^ Alan R. Smith; Kathleen M. Pryer; Eric Schuettpelz; Petra Korall; Harald Schneider; Paul G. Wolf (2006). "A classification for extant ferns" (PDF). Taxon. 55 (3): 705–731. doi:10.2307/25065646.
  4. ^ Kent D. Kobayashi; Andrew J. Kaufman; John Griffis & James McConnell (2007). "Using Houseplants to Clean Indoor Air" (PDF). Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources University of Hawai'i at Manoa: Ornamentals and Flowers. OF-37.
  5. ^ Rani D, Khare PB, Dantu PK"In Vitro Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties of Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Frond Extracts of Psilotum nudum, Nephrolepis biserrata and Nephrolepis cordifolia." Indian J Pharm Sci. 2010 Nov;72(6):818-22

Further reading[edit]

  • (in English) Hennequin, S., Hovenkamp, P., Christenhusz, M.J.M. & Schneider, H. (2010) Phylogenetics and biogeography of Nephrolepis – a tale of old settlers and young tramps. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 164(2): 113–127. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2010.01076.x
  • (in Portuguese) Lorenzi, H. & Souza, M. S. (2001). Plantas Ornamentais no Brasil: arbustivas, herbáceas e trepadeiras. Plantarum ISBN 85-86714-12-7

External links[edit]