Nephrotoma appendiculata

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Nephrotoma appendiculata
Tipulidae - Nephrotoma appendiculata.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Tipulidae
Genus: Nephrotoma
Species: N. appendiculata
Binomial name
Nephrotoma appendiculata
(Pierre, 1919)

Nephrotoma appendiculata, the spotted crane fly, is a species of crane fly. [1][2]

Subspecies[edit]

Subspecies include: [3]

  • Nephrotoma appendiculata appendiculata (Pierre, 1919) (Northwestern Europe and the Near East)
  • Nephrotoma appendiculata pertenua Oosterbroek, 1978 (Southwestern Europe and North Africa)

Distribution[edit]

This species is present in most of Europe, in North Africa and in the Near East. [4]

Habitat[edit]

These crane flies inhabit woodland edges, gardens, fields, rough grassland. and farmland. [5][6]

Description[edit]

Nephrotoma appendiculata has a wingspan of about 50 mm (2.0 in),[5] and a body length of 13–15 mm (0.5–0.6 in).[6][7] The body is yellow with a few short, black stripes on the thorax , a black horseshoe mark on the side[6] and a broad dark stripe[6] on each section of the abdomen. The wings have a thin, yellow line near the leading edge.[5] The wing stigma is usually pale, but sometimes it is dark. [6]

This species is rather similar to Nephrotoma flavescens. [6]

Biology[edit]

Adults can be seen from April to August. [6][7] The larvae, known as "leatherjackets",[5] feed on the roots of grasses, [6][7] while the adults feed on umbellifers such as cow parsley. [6][7]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oosterbroek P. CCW: Catalogue of Craneflies of the World.
  2. ^ BioLib
  3. ^ Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. Catalogue of life
  4. ^ Fauna europaea
  5. ^ a b c d G. Bradley (2006). "Spotted Craneflies: Nephrotoma appendiculata". Retrieved July 29, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Nature Spot
  7. ^ a b c d Commanster