Neptune Township, New Jersey

Coordinates: 40°12′50″N 74°03′13″W / 40.213816°N 74.053712°W / 40.213816; -74.053712
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Neptune Township, New Jersey
Row of Victorian houses in the village of Ocean Grove
Row of Victorian houses in the village of Ocean Grove
Official seal of Neptune Township, New Jersey
Nickname: 
The Crossroads of the Jersey Shore
Motto(s): 
Where Community, Business & Tourism Prosper
Location of Neptune Township in Monmouth County highlighted in yellow (right). Inset map: Location of Monmouth County in New Jersey highlighted in black (left). Interactive map of Neptune Township, New Jersey
Location of Neptune Township in Monmouth County highlighted in yellow (right). Inset map: Location of Monmouth County in New Jersey highlighted in black (left).
Map
Interactive map of Neptune Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Neptune Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Neptune Township, New Jersey
Neptune Township is located in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Neptune Township
Neptune Township
Location in Monmouth County
Neptune Township is located in New Jersey
Neptune Township
Neptune Township
Location in New Jersey
Neptune Township is located in the United States
Neptune Township
Neptune Township
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°12′50″N 74°03′13″W / 40.213816°N 74.053712°W / 40.213816; -74.053712[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyMonmouth
IncorporatedFebruary 26, 1879
Named forNeptune, Roman water deity
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorKeith Cafferty (D, term ends December 31, 2023)[3][4]
 • AdministratorGina LaPlaca[5]
 • Municipal clerkGabriella Siboni[6]
Area
 • Total8.84 sq mi (22.90 km2)
 • Land8.13 sq mi (21.05 km2)
 • Water0.72 sq mi (1.86 km2)  8.11%
 • Rank222nd of 565 in state
14th of 53 in county[1]
Elevation52 ft (16 m)
Population
 • Total28,061
 • Estimate 
(2022)[9][11]
28,170
 • Rank88th of 565 in state
7th of 53 in county[12]
 • Density3,452.8/sq mi (1,333.1/km2)
  • Rank196th of 565 in state
22nd of 53 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
07753–07754[13][14]
Area code(s)732[15]
FIPS code3402549890[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0882111[1][18]
Websitewww.neptunetownship.org

Neptune Township is a township in Monmouth County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 28,061,[9][10] an increase of 126 (+0.5%) from the 2010 census count of 27,935,[19][20] which in turn reflected an increase of 245 (+0.9%) from the 27,690 counted in the 2000 census.[21]

Featuring Jersey Shore Medical Center, the historic community of Ocean Grove, along with office parks and cultural amenities, Neptune Township has been a longtime regional commercial and cultural hub of the Jersey Shore.[22][23][24][25] The township was named for Neptune, the Roman water deity, and its location on the Atlantic Ocean.[26]

History[edit]

Neptune was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 26, 1879, from portions of Ocean Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Neptune City (October 4, 1881), Bradley Beach (March 13, 1893) and Ocean Grove (April 5, 1920, until the action was found unconstitutional and restored to Neptune Township as of June 16, 1921).[27]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 8.84 square miles (22.90 km2), including 8.13 square miles (21.05 km2) of land and 0.72 square miles (1.86 km2) of water (8.11%).[1][2]

Ocean Grove (2010 Census population of 3,342[28]) and Shark River Hills (2010 population of 3,697[29]) are census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within Neptune Township.[30][31] Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Bradley Park, the Gables, Green Grove, Hamilton, Hamilton Mills, Mid-Town, Summerfield, Seaview Island, The Observatory, West Grove, West Neptune, and Whitesville.[32][33]

Neptune Township stretches from the Atlantic Ocean west to the Garden State Parkway (exit 100). The southern border is the Shark River estuary, and the northern border is with Asbury Park and Ocean Township. Neptune Township is a diverse community, both in terms of population and landscape, extending from the seaside community of Ocean Grove, a national historic site, to Mid-town which is undergoing a municipal-led revitalization, to the riverside residential community of Shark River Hills, to the open spaces of Shark River Park and the commercial corridor on Route 66 in the west.

The township borders the Monmouth County communities of Asbury Park, Avon-by-the-Sea, Belmar, Bradley Beach, Neptune City, Ocean Township, Tinton Falls, and Wall Township.[34][35][36]

Deal Lake covers 158 acres (64 ha) and is overseen by the Deal Lake Commission, which was established in 1974. Seven municipalities border the lake, accounting for 27 miles (43 km) of shoreline, also including Allenhurst, Asbury Park, Deal, Interlaken, Loch Arbour, and Ocean Township.[37]

Demographics[edit]

The Shark River Hills neighborhood
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18804,187
18908,333*99.0%
19007,943*−4.7%
19105,551−30.1%
19206,47016.6%
193010,62564.2%
194010,207−3.9%
195013,61333.4%
196021,48757.8%
197027,86329.7%
198028,3661.8%
199028,148−0.8%
200027,690−1.6%
201027,9350.9%
202028,0610.5%
2022 (est.)28,170[9][11]0.4%
Population sources:
1880–1920[38] 1880–1890[39]
1890–1910[40] 1910–1930[41]
1940–2000[42] 2000[43][44]
2010[19][20] 2020[9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[27]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 27,935 people, 11,201 households, and 6,844 families in the township. The population density was 3,414.3 per square mile (1,318.3/km2). There were 12,991 housing units at an average density of 1,587.8 per square mile (613.1/km2). The racial makeup was 53.18% (14,855) White, 38.56% (10,772) Black or African American, 0.34% (94) Native American, 2.26% (632) Asian, 0.03% (9) Pacific Islander, 2.51% (701) from other races, and 3.12% (872) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.33% (2,607) of the population.[19]

Of the 11,201 households, 23.6% had children under the age of 18; 39.6% were married couples living together; 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 38.9% were non-families. Of all households, 31.8% were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.13.[19]

20.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.7 years. For every 100 females, the population had 87.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 83.5 males.[19] The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,630 (with a margin of error of +/− $3,034) and the median family income was $74,422 (+/− $5,369). Males had a median income of $56,743 (+/− $4,233) versus $43,853 (+/− $3,118) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,656 (+/− $1,559). About 8.1% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[45]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States census[16] there were 27,690 people, 10,907 households, and 6,805 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,366.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,299.9/km2). There were 12,217 housing units at an average density of 1,485.4 per square mile (573.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 55.92% White, 38.16% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.98% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.55% of the population.[43][44]

There were 10,907 households, out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.14.[43][44]

In the township the population was spread out, with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.[43][44]

The median income for a household in the township was $46,250, and the median income for a family was $57,735. Males had a median income of $42,920 versus $31,057 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,569. About 7.6% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.[43][44]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Neptune Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state.[46] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[7][47] At an annual reorganization meeting the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2024, Members of the Neptune Township committee are Mayor Tassie D. York (D, term on committee ends 2025; term as deputy mayor ends 2023), Michael Brantley (D, 2024), Robert Lane Jr. (D, 2025) and Nicholas R. Williams (D, 2024).[3][48][49][50][51]

In April 2021, the Township Committee selected Tassie York to fill the seat expiring in December 2022 that had been held by Carol J. Rizzo until she resigned from office to move out of the county.[52] York served on an interim basis until the November 2022 general election, when she was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.[50]

In January 2016, the Township Council selected Carol J. Rizzo from three candidates nominated by the Democratic municipal committee to fill the seat expiring in December 2016 which was vacated by Eric Houghtaling when he took office in the New Jersey General Assembly earlier that month.[53]

Federal, state, and county representation[edit]

Neptune Township is located in the 6th Congressional District[54] and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district.[55][56][57]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 6th congressional district is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[58][59] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[60] and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).[61][62]

For the 2024-2025 session, the 11th legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Vin Gopal (D, Long Branch) and in the General Assembly by Margie Donlon (D, Ocean Township) and Luanne Peterpaul (D, Long Branch).[63]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as director and another as deputy director.[64] As of 2024, Monmouth County's Commissioners are:

Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, 2025),[65] Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, 2024),[66] Erik Anderson (R, Shrewsbury, 2026),[67] Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2025),[68] and Deputy Director Ross F. Licitra (R, Marlboro Township, 2026).[69][70][71]

Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are: Clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2025; Ocean Township),[72][73] Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2025; Howell Township)[74][75] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2026; Middletown Township).[76][77]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Neptune Township[78]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,572 28.57% 11,218 70.10% 212 1.32%
2016 4,119 30.28% 9,092 66.83% 394 2.90%
2012 3,552 27.29% 9,350 71.85% 112 0.86%
2008 4,100 29.17% 9,900 70.43% 56 0.40%
2004 5,044 38.96% 7,803 60.27% 100 0.77%
2000 3,605 32.21% 7,132 63.72% 455 4.07%
1996 3,018 29.01% 6,544 62.89% 843 8.10%
1992 4,120 35.78% 5,804 50.40% 1,592 13.82%

As of March 2011, there were a total of 18,093 registered voters in Neptune Township, of which 6,481 (35.8%) were registered as Democrats, 2,780 (15.4%) were registered as Republicans and 8,825 (48.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were seven voters registered as Libertarians or Greens.[79]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 71.8% of the vote (9,350 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 27.3% (3,552 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (113 votes), among the 13,109 ballots cast by the township's 18,929 registered voters (94 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 69.3%.[80][81] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 69.4% of the vote (9,900 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 28.7% (4,100 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (56 votes), among the 14,265 ballots cast by the township's 19,505 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.1%.[82] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.0% of the vote (7,803 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 38.8% (5,044 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (100 votes), among the 13,004 ballots cast by the township's 18,444 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.5.[83]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 50.9% of the vote (3,880 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 47.7% (3,637 votes), and other candidates with 1.5% (112 votes), among the 7,811 ballots cast by the township's 18,939 registered voters (182 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.2%.[84][85] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 51.2% of the vote (4,425 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 42.0% (3,625 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.2% (447 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (66 votes), among the 8,635 ballots cast by the township's 18,606 registered voters, yielding a 46.4% turnout.[86]

Education[edit]

The Neptune Township Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.[87] The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke[88] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[89][90]

As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of eight schools, had an enrollment of 4,063 students and 372.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.9:1.[91] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[92]) are Early Childhood Center[93] (228 students; in grade Pre-K), Gables School[94] (269; Pre-K–5), Green Grove School[95] (350; Pre-K–5), Midtown Community School[96] (379; K–5), Shark River Hills School[97] (264; Pre-K–5), Summerfield School[98] (465; Pre-K–5), Neptune Middle School[99] (721; 6–8) and Neptune High School[100] (1,317; 9–12).[101]

Historic district[edit]

Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association District
A statue of Ellwood H. Stokes and the Great Auditorium facing Ocean Pathway – once named one of the ten most beautiful streets in America
Neptune Township, New Jersey is located in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Neptune Township, New Jersey
Neptune Township, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Neptune Township, New Jersey
Neptune Township, New Jersey is located in the United States
Neptune Township, New Jersey
LocationBounded by Fletcher Lake, NJ Route 71, Lake Wesley, and the Atlantic Ocean
Area220 acres (89 ha)
Architectural styleBungalow/craftsman, Stick/eastlake, Queen Anne
NRHP reference No.76001170[102]
NJRHP No.2036[103]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 12, 1976
Designated NJRHPDecember 16, 1975

Ocean Grove is an unincorporated community and census-designated place[104] (CDP) that is part of Neptune Township, in Monmouth County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey.[105][106] It had a population of 3,057 at the 2020 United States census.[9] Founded in 1869 by a group of Methodist clergymen, led by William B. Osborn and Ellwood H. Stokes, this historic community is located on the Atlantic Ocean's Jersey Shore, between Asbury Park to the north and Bradley Beach to the south. It was here where the Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association was founded as a summer camp meeting site on the New Jersey shore. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, Ocean Grove is noted for its abundant examples of Victorian architecture and the Great Auditorium, acclaimed as "the state's most wondrous wooden structure, soaring and sweeping, alive with the sound of music".[107]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

Route 18 northbound in Neptune Township

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 129.27 miles (208.04 km) of roadways, of which 108.92 miles (175.29 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.73 miles (14.05 km) by Monmouth County and 11.62 miles (18.70 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[108]

Route 18, Route 33, Route 35, Route 66 and Route 71 are the main highways passing through the township.[32]

The Garden State Parkway is west of the township, with the best access provided via exits 100 and 102. Interstate 195 is southwest of the township in neighboring Wall Township. The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) entrance for Exit 8 is about 25 miles west on Route 33 in East Windsor, Mercer County.

Public transportation[edit]

The township is served by NJ Transit trains at the Bradley Beach station.[109] Commuter service on the North Jersey Coast Line to Newark Penn Station, Secaucus Junction, New York Penn Station and Hoboken Terminal.[32][110][111]

NJ Transit bus service between the township and Philadelphia is available on the 317 route and local service is provided by the 830, 832 and 836 routes.[112]

Healthcare[edit]

HOPE Tower at Jersey Shore University Medical Center

Jersey Shore University Medical Center (JSUMC) is a 691-bed[113] non-profit, tertiary research and academic medical center located in Neptune Township. This major healthcare artery services the greater northern Jersey Shore region in Central Jersey.[114] JSUMC is the shore region's only university-level academic medical center and is a major partner of the Hackensack Meridian Healthcare network (it is the system's second largest hospital). JSUMC is also affiliated with the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School of Rutgers University,[115] and Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University.[116] JSUMC is designated as a level II trauma center[117][118] with a rooftop helipad handling medevac patients.[119]

The medical complex also hosts the K. Hovnanian Children's Hospital, which treats infants, children, adolescents, and young adults up to the age of 21. JSUMC is a major teaching and tertiary care hospital that has a staff of 127 interns and residents, as it's a member of the Council of Teaching Hospitals and Health Systems.[120]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Neptune, NJ (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 41.8
(5.4)
43.1
(6.2)
49.2
(9.6)
58.9
(14.9)
68.3
(20.2)
77.8
(25.4)
83.5
(28.6)
81.8
(27.7)
76.2
(24.6)
65.5
(18.6)
55.6
(13.1)
46.9
(8.3)
62.4
(16.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 33.3
(0.7)
34.5
(1.4)
40.8
(4.9)
50.0
(10.0)
59.5
(15.3)
69.3
(20.7)
75.1
(23.9)
73.6
(23.1)
67.6
(19.8)
56.2
(13.4)
46.4
(8.0)
38.4
(3.6)
53.7
(12.1)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 24.8
(−4.0)
25.9
(−3.4)
32.3
(0.2)
41.0
(5.0)
50.8
(10.4)
60.9
(16.1)
66.8
(19.3)
65.4
(18.6)
58.9
(14.9)
46.9
(8.3)
37.3
(2.9)
30.0
(−1.1)
45.1
(7.3)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.20
(107)
3.31
(84)
4.33
(110)
3.91
(99)
4.13
(105)
4.34
(110)
4.40
(112)
6.27
(159)
4.33
(110)
4.71
(120)
3.82
(97)
4.78
(121)
52.53
(1,334)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.0 8.8 9.8 11.2 11.7 10.4 9.3 9.0 8.8 9.9 9.2 10.4 119.5
Source: NOAA[121][122]

Ecology[edit]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Neptune Township would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[123] The plant hardiness zone is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 3.6 °F (−15.8 °C).

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Neptune Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Directory, Neptune Township. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  4. ^ 2023 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, updated February 8, 2023. Accessed February 10, 2023.
  5. ^ Administration, Neptune Township. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  6. ^ Clerk's Office, Neptune Township. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 58.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Neptune, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f QuickFacts Neptune township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 24, 2022.
  10. ^ a b c Total Population: Census 2010 - Census 2020 New Jersey Municipalities, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  11. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022, United States Census Bureau, released May 2023. Accessed May 18, 2023.
  12. ^ a b Population Density by County and Municipality: New Jersey, 2020 and 2021, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 1, 2023.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Neptune, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 30, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Neptune, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  16. ^ a b U.S. Census website, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Neptune township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Neptune township Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 30, 2012.
  21. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  22. ^ [1]. Hackensack Meridian Health: Jersey Shore Medical Center. Accessed April 16, 2024.
  23. ^ Garbarine, Rachelle "In The Region: New Jersey; Vacation Area Becoming a Place to Work", The New York Times, July 5, 1987. Accessed April 16, 2024.
  24. ^ Garbarine, Rachelle "In the Region/New Jersey; In Neptune, a Tech Park Plan for Route 66", The New York Times, September 10, 2000. Accessed April 16, 2024.
  25. ^ Bailey, Sarah Pulliam "Can a Christian Community Close the Beach on Sunday Mornings?", The New York Times, April 12, 2024. Accessed April 16, 2024.
  26. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 26, 2015.
  27. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  28. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Ocean Grove CDP, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2012.
  29. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Shark River Hills CDP, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2012.
  30. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed December 5, 2012.
  31. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2012.
  32. ^ a b c Community Overview Archived July 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Neptune Township. Accessed July 30, 2012. "Neptune is a community with several diverse neighborhoods including Ocean Grove, Shark River Hills, Mid-Town, Bradley Park, the Gables, Seaview Island and West Neptune."
  33. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 23, 2015.
  34. ^ Areas touching Neptune Township, MapIt. Accessed March 1, 2020.
  35. ^ Regional Location Map, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed March 1, 2020.
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External links[edit]