Nera (Danube)

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Nera
River
Reka Nera.jpg
Nera River
Countries Romania, Serbia
County or Province Caraș-Severin, Vojvodina
Tributaries
 - right Miniș
Towns Bela Crkva
Source
 - location Semenic Mountains,
Confluence of headwaters Nergana and Nerganița, Romania
Mouth Danube
 - location near Banatska Palanka, Romanian-Serbian border
 - coordinates 44°49′48″N 21°21′12″E / 44.83000°N 21.35333°E / 44.83000; 21.35333Coordinates: 44°49′48″N 21°21′12″E / 44.83000°N 21.35333°E / 44.83000; 21.35333
Length 124 km (77 mi)
Basin 1,240 km2 (479 sq mi)
Progression DanubeBlack Sea

The Nera (Romanian: Nera, Serbian: Nera or Нера, Hungarian: Néra) is a 124-kilometre (77 mi) long river running through Romania and Serbia. It is a left tributary of the Danube, which it joins near Banatska Palanka.

Romania[edit]

The Nera rises in the Semenic mountains, the easternmost part of the Banat region, south of the city of Reșița, in the Caraș-Severin County of Romania. The river starts at the confluence of headwaters of the Nergana and Nerganița then flows straight to the south from the Piatra Grozbe peak, under which it springs. Reaching the village of Borlovenii Vechi, the Nera turns southwest, flowing between the Semenic and Banat Mountains. In this section, the Nera receives its left tributary, the Rudăria, and passes next to many villages (Prilipeț, Dalboșeț, Moceriș), until it reaches Șopotu-Nou, where it sharply turns to the northwest, still curving around the Semenic mountains. It passes next to the villages of Sasca Română, Sasca Montana, Slatina Nera and Naidăș, at which point it becomes the border between Romania and Serbia for the remaining 27 kilometres (17 mi).

Border River[edit]

In the border section, the Nera flows through the depression of Bela Crkva (Belocrkvanska kotlina; Cyrillic: Белоцркванска котлина), and settlements on the Romanian side include Lescovița, Zlatița and Socol, while on the Serbian side there is only one village on the river itself, Kusić, with several settlements in the vicinity of the river: Kaluđerovo, the town of Bela Crkva, Vračev Gaj and Banatska Palanka. At Vračev Gaj the river turns south and empties into the Danube near the village of Stara Palanka.

In the final section, the Nera is 20 to 40 metres (66 to 131 ft) wide with varying depths, and as the riverbed is made mostly of gravel, it spills over in series of limans, filled with murky waters. The mouth itself is a popular fishing spot.

The Nera drains an area of 1,240 square kilometres (480 sq mi) of the Black Sea drainage basin and it is not navigable.

Settlements located near the river[edit]

In Romania: Prigor, Bozovici, Dalboșeț, Șopotu Nou, Sasca Montană, Naidăș, Socol

In Serbia: Kusić, Bela Crkva, Vračev Gaj, Banatska Palanka, Stara Palanka

Tributaries[edit]

The following are tributaries of the Nera:

Left: Nerganița, Prigor, Rudăria, Bănia, Valea Mare, Șopotu, Bârzu, Boinița, Răchita, Haimeliug, Șușara, Micoș

Right: Nergana, Coșava, Hielișag, Ciurezu, Miniș, Agriș, Lăpușnicu, Moceriș, Ducin, Bresnic, Valea Rea, Beu

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române – Cadastrul Apelor — București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie – Rîurile României – București 1971
  • Trasee turistice – județul Caraș [1]

Maps[edit]

  • Munții Anina [2]
  • Harta Județului Caraș-Severin [3]