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Neralur is located in Karnataka
Neralur is located in India
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 12°48′00″N 77°42′43″E / 12.8000900°N 77.711820°E / 12.8000900; 77.711820Coordinates: 12°48′00″N 77°42′43″E / 12.8000900°N 77.711820°E / 12.8000900; 77.711820
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Bangalore
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 562107
Nearest city Bangalore
Lok Sabha constituency Bangalore Rural
Vidhan Sabha constituency Anekal

Neralur (Kannada: ನೆರಳೂರು) is a village in Anekal taluk, Bangalore urban district, India. It is around 28 kilometers from Bangalore and 10 kilometers from Hosur, Tamil Nadu. The nearest mofussil towns are Attibele and Chandapura, both of which are within a 5 kilometer radius of Neralur. Electronics City, one of India's largest Information Technology parks is about 8 km from the village. A few of the villages which share its boundaries with Neralur are - Guddahatti, Balagaranahalli, Lakshmisagara, Thirumagondanahalli, Bandapura, Yadavanahalli and Bendaganahalli.

Many buses ply to Neralur from Bangalore. There is a direct BMTC(Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation) bus (356K) from K R Market. A host of other BMTC and private buses, on its way to Attibele, Hosur and other nearby places, stop at the village near the National Highway 7 (Hosur Road) junction.

There are many temples in the village, which have been renovated recently. Chief among them are the temples dedicated to Shiva, Anjaneya and Yellammadevi. There is an annual rathotsava(theru) held in the season of March/April, when a seven layered wooden chariot is pulled by devotees through the village thoroughfares. The chariot procession starts from the Shiva temple (Eeshwarana Gudi) and guides its way to the Yellamma Devi temple in the center of the village. The occasion is marked with religious fervour and gaiety. The chariot procession is the highlight of the festivities which last for over a week. The Shivalinga in the temple is said to be around 100 years old and brought all the way from Kashi/Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The name Neralur, has its origin possibly from its old name Chayapuri (which is not in much use now). The name Chayapuri (in Sanskrit) stands for village filled with shade (from Chaya=shade and puri=village)which when translated into Kannada becomes Neraluru (Chaya=Neralu and puri=ooru). The name suggests that the place was filled with huge trees that gave shade. Another speculation about the origin of the name is possibly because of a big "Black Jamun" tree (Nerale hannu in Kannada), that existed in the village.

Many industries have sprung up around the village in the recent past, which has resulted in migrant workers settling down in the village. The Attibele industrial area covers a part of the village landscape. A host of residential townships have come up in the village vicinity in the recent past. Shri Parshwa Sushil Dham, a magnificent Jain Temple, is on National Highway 7, on the outskirts of Neralur. An ashram dedicated to Sri Ramana Maharshi, built by a philanthropist and devotee of Sri Ramana Maharshi, is situated in Thirumagondanahalli, which neighbours Neralur. Kannada, and Telugu are the major languages spoken in the village.