|King of the Neo-Babylonian Empire|
|Reign||c. 560 to 556 BC|
Nergal-sharezer or Neriglissar (in Akkadian 𒈬𒀭𒄊𒀕𒃲𒊬𒋀 m dNergal-šar-uṣur, "O god Nergal, preserve/defend the king"; the common form of his name is Neriglissar) was King of Babylon from 560 to 556 BC (His reign lasted 4 years). He was the son-in-law of Nebuchadnezzar II and assumed the throne after murdering Nebuchadnezzar's son and heir, Amel-Marduk. A Babylonian chronicle describes his western war in 557/556 BC.
He is traditionally listed as a king of the Chaldean Dynasty; however, it is not known if he was a Chaldean or a native of Babylon, as he was not related by blood to Nabopolassar and his successors. His name is mentioned as one of the high-ranking officers of king Nebuchadnezzar II in the Book of Jeremiah 39:13.
A record of a war by Nergal-sharezer with Syria was found on a tablet from the 'Neo-Babylonian Chronicle texts'.
- Hyatt, The Interpreter's Bible, 1951, volume V, p. 1,079
- The Chronicle Concerning Year Three of Neriglissar, translation adapted from A. K. Grayson & Jean-Jacques Glassner
- ABC 6: Babylonian Chronicle of the Third Year of Neriglissar.
| King of Babylon
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