Nervilia

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Nervilia
LR055 72dpi Nervilia aragoana.jpg
Nervilia aragoana by Lewis Roberts
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Gastrodieae
Subtribe: Nervilliinae
Genus: Nervilia
Comm. ex Gaudich.
Species

About 65, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Aplostellis Thouars
  • Bolborchis Zoll. & Moritzi
  • Cordyla Blume (illegitimate homonym)
  • Haplostellis Endl.
  • Rophostemon Endl. (orth. var.)
  • Roptrostemon Blume
  • Stellorchis Thouars (orth. var.)
  • Stellorkis Thouars

Nervilia is a genus of orchid with about 65 species widely distributed across most of sub-Saharan Africa (South Africa, southern Asia (Saudi Arabia, India, China, Japan, Indochina, Indonesia, etc.), Australia, and various islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.[1] Six species occur in Australia (2 or 3 of these endemic),[2] with 16 in India,[3] 10 in China[4] and 5 in South Africa.[5]

There are flowering and non-flowering varieties - the non-flowering plants have only a single leaf and are either ground-hugging or erect. The flowering varieties have a fleshy flower stem with only one or a few flowers and a leaf which arises later at the base of the dying flower stem. The flowers of the Australian species are rarely seen in the wild because they appear soon after the first heavy rains of the wet season and only live for 1 to 4 days.[2]

Nervilia is the sole member of its subtribe, the Nervilliinae.

Species include:[6]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ a b Jones, David L. (2006). A Complete Guide to Native Orchids of Australia Including the Island Territories. Reed New Holland. Sydney, Auckland, London, Cape Town. ISBN 1-877069-12-4.
  3. ^ Orchid Kerala, Nervilia
  4. ^ Flora of China v 25 p 197, 芋兰属 yu lan shu, Nervilia Commerson ex Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie, Bot. 421. 1829.
  5. ^ Plants of Southern Africa: an Online Check List
  6. ^ Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. "Nervilia". World Checklist of Orchidaceae. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]