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Nesolagus is a genus of rabbits containing three species of striped rabbit: the Annamite striped rabbit, the Sumatran striped rabbit, and the extinct species N. sinensis. Overall there is very little known about the genus as a whole, most information coming from the Sumatran rabbit.
Genus Nesolagus includes three species:
- Annamite striped rabbit, Nesolagus timminsi
- Sumatran striped rabbit, Nesolagus netscheri
- Nesolagus sinensis (extinct).
Due to the small number of individuals, and because of the rare sightings of this genus, there is not much information available on its behavior. One thing that we do know however, is that the Sumatran rabbit is nocturnal and hides out in burrows which it does not make itself and does not really like to go out looking for food for itself in places that are too far from its home.
Descriptions of the species are partly based on images made by camera traps; for the Sumatran striped rabbit the cameras were set in the montane forests of Sumatra, while the Annamite Striped rabbit was seen in the Annamite mountain range of Laos and Vietnam. Both species of striped rabbit have seven brown or black stripes and a red rump and white underside. They are the only species of rabbits to have stripes. They are relatively small with a length of about 368–417 mm, with a tail of about 17 mm and ears about 43–45 mm long. Thus the ears of Nesolagus are only about half as long as in most rabbits, e.g. in the genus Lepus. Their fur is soft and dense, overlaid by longer, harsher hairs.
Striped rabbits are found in only four locations. The Sumatran striped rabbit has been found in the Barisan Mountains in western Sumatra, Indonesia, and the Annamite striped rabbit has been found in the Annamite mountains on the border between Vietnam and Laos. The fossils (parts of the left mandible with several teeth) of the extinct Nesolagus sinensis were found in Chongzou Ecological Park in the Guangnxi Zhuang region of southwest China. 
- Jin, ChangZu; Yukimitsu Tomida; Yuan Wang; YingQi Zhang (1 August 2010). "First discovery of fossil Nesolagus (Leporidae Lagomorpha)". Science China Earth Sciences. 53 (8): 1134–1140. doi:10.1007/s11430-010-4010-3. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
- "Animal Info - Endangered animals". Animal Info. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- ed, Allan F. O'Connell ... Camera traps in animal ecology : methods and analyses / Allan F. O'Connell, James D. Nichols, K. Ullas Karanth, editors. Tokyo: Springer. ISBN 978-4-431-99494-7.
- Nowak, Ronald M. (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World (Sixth ed.). Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkinds University Press. p. 1723. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- Can; et al. (2001). "Annamite striped rabbit Nesolagus timminsi in Vietnam" (PDF). Acta Theriologica. 46 (4): 437–440. doi:10.4098/at.arch.01-48.
- Jin; et al. (2009). "First discovery of fossil Nesolagus (Leporidae, Lagomorpha) from Southeast Asia". Science China Earth Sciences. 53 (8): 1134–1140. doi:10.1007/s11430-010-4010-3.
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