Nesselwang

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Nesselwang
Nesselwang
Nesselwang
Coat of arms of Nesselwang
Coat of arms
Nesselwang   is located in Germany
Nesselwang
Nesselwang
Coordinates: 47°37′N 10°30′E / 47.617°N 10.500°E / 47.617; 10.500Coordinates: 47°37′N 10°30′E / 47.617°N 10.500°E / 47.617; 10.500
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Schwaben
District Ostallgäu
Government
 • Mayor Josef Köberle (CSU)
Area
 • Total 29.53 km2 (11.40 sq mi)
Elevation 867 m (2,844 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,541
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 87484
Dialling codes 08361
Vehicle registration OAL
Website www.nesselwang.de

Nesselwang is a municipality in the district of Ostallgäu in Bavaria in Germany. It is an oft photographed market town and tourist resort at the foot of the Alps in Allgäu. It consists of the market (Nesselwang) as well as 17 surrounding hamlets (Gschwend, Hörich, Reichenbach, Bayerstetten, Wank, Hertingen, Attlesee, Schneidbach, Hammerschmiede, Lachen, Niederhöfen, Rindegg, Thal, Schicken, Schneidbach, Voglen and Widdumhof).

History[edit]

In Roman times there was a road connecting Via Claudia Augusta with the Roman town of Cambodunum (Kempten). This road passed through the area now occupied by Nesselwang however there is no evidence of Roman occupation in the town.

In 1059 the Emperor Heinrich IV borrowed from the Bishop of Augsburg with the area including Nesselwang as security. This loan was not paid back and so the area became part of the estates of the Bishop of Augsburg.[2]

The first mention of Nesselwang was in 1302, in the form Nesselwach,[3] although both the settlement and the name are probably older than this.

The castle in the south of Nesselwang was maybe already built in the 11th century but the name Nesselburg was first mentioned in 1302.[4]

The town received the right to hold a market from King Sigismund in 1429. The document conferring this right is now in the Bavarian State Archive in Munich.[5]

In 1582 Nesselwang received its own coat of arms and seal from Bishop Marquard from Berg.[6] This allowed the town to seal documents and is an indices for a certain amount of self-government under the rule of the Augsburger Bishops.

In the years between 1500 and 1800 the history of Nesselwang was continuously effected by the wars then being fought in Europe. A quote from the owner of the Hotel Bären in 1796 is seen as expressing the general feeling during this time, It could be translated as „Please God, let things soon be different!“ [7]

In the year 1803 Nesslewang passed from the Bishop of Augsburg to the Kingdom of Bavaria.[8]

In 1869 the town received the right for full self-government with a mayor and town council,[9] a right which is still extant in the present day.

Tourism[edit]

The town and surrounding hamlets are home to some 3600 people and are visited by about 73000 holiday guests each year.[10] During the winter the town is a ski resort with the lifts of the Alpspitzbahn starting directly in the town and carrying skiers nearly to the top of the Alpspitz. During summer the lift can also be used to reach the start points for a variety of walking tours as well as to reach the top of the summer sledge run. Mountain biking, swimming in the surrounding lakes and walking through the surrounding scenery are all popular summer pastimes. There is also an adventure swimming pool and a museum to visit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016. 
  2. ^ Zoepfl, Friedrich et al., Die Regesten der Bischöfe und des Domkapitels von Augsburg, Augsburg 1964
  3. ^ Vock, Walter E., Die Urkunden des Augsburger Hochstifts 769-1420; Augsburg 1959
  4. ^ Nessler, Toni, Burgen im Allgäu, Bd. 2, Kempten 1985
  5. ^ Liebhart, Wilhelm, Nesselwang Ein historischer Markt in Allgäu, Thorbecke 1990 ISBN 3-7995-4126-8
  6. ^ BayHStA, Hochstift Augsburg, Neuburger Abgabe, Akt 1195, folie 1 & 2
  7. ^ Steiner, Clemens Kriegstagebuch 1796-1803
  8. ^ Weis, Eberhard, Die Begründung des Modernes bayerischen Staates unter König Max I. (1799-1825), Mümchen 1924 in Max Spindler, Handbuch fer Bayerischen Geschichte IV/1, München 1974
  9. ^ Rall, Hans, Die politische Entwicklung von 1848 bis zur Reichsgründung 1871 in Max Spindler, Handbuch fer Bayerischen Geschichte IV/1, München 1974
  10. ^ http://www.nesselwang.de/147.0.html accessed 20.3.08