Nestegis sandwicensis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Starr 060225-6117 Nestegis sandwicensis.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Nestegis
Species: N. sandwicensis
Binomial name
Nestegis sandwicensis
(A.Gray) O.Deg., I.Deg. & L.A.S.Johnson
  • Olea sandwicensis A.Gray
  • Osmanthus sandwicensis (A.Gray) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks.
  • Gymnelaea sandwicensis (A.Gray) L.A.S.Johnson

Nestegis sandwicensis, commonly known as Hawai'i olive'[2] or olopua, is a species of flowering tree in the olive family, Oleaceae, that is endemic to Hawaii.[3] It is found on all major islands at elevations of 30–1,300 m (98–4,265 ft) in coastal mesic and mixed mesic forests,[4] and, especially, dry forests. It usually reaches a height of 6 m (20 ft) with a trunk diameter of 0.2 m (0.66 ft), but may reach 20 m (66 ft) in height with a trunk diameter of 0.9 m (3.0 ft).[5]


Native Hawaiians used the hard wood of olopua to make ʻau koʻi (adze handles), apuapu (rasps for making fish hooks), ʻōʻō (digging sticks), ʻau melomelo (fishing lures), pou (house posts), pāhoa (daggers), pīkoi (tripping weapons similar to a rope dart), and spears. Because the wood burned well even if green, it was used as wahie (firewood).[6]


  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Nestegis sandwicensis
  2. ^ "Nestegis sandwicensis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 
  3. ^ Otto Degener, Isa Degener, & Lawrence Alexander Sidney Johnson. 1958. Flora Hawaiiensis; the New Illustrated Flora of the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu, fam 300
  4. ^ "olopua, pua, ulupua". Hawaii Ethnobotany Online Database. Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  5. ^ Gray, Asa. 1862. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences V: 331. Olea sandwicensis
  6. ^ Medeiros, A. C.; C.F. Davenport; C.G. Chimera (1998). "Auwahi: Ethnobotany of a Hawaiian Dryland Forest" (PDF). Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]