Nestlé Waters North America

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Nestlé Waters North America, Inc.
Founded1992; 28 years ago (1992)
HeadquartersStamford, Connecticut, United States
Area served
North America
Key people
Fernando Merce (CEO)
ProductsBottled Water
ParentNestlé Edit this on Wikidata

Nestlé Waters North America, Inc. is a business unit of Nestlé Waters that produces and distributes numerous brands of bottled water across North America. Continent-wide brands include Perrier and San Pellegrino. Bill Pearson (EVP Finance, CFO), and David Colville (CIO). President and CEO, Tim Brown, left the company in early March 2017 to be a president and COO for Chobani, a yogurt company based in NY. New incoming President and CEO is Fernando Merce effective May 1, 2017. It is based in Stamford, Connecticut

Regional brands[edit]

Nestlé also produces bottled water under various brand names depending on the region. These brands include Arrowhead, Calistoga (now defunct), Deer Park, Ice Mountain, Ozarka, Poland Spring, and Zephyrhills.

Nestlé Pure Life has been produced by Nestlé Waters North America since 2002. Prior to that, it was known as Aberfoyle Springs and had been produced by the Aberfoyle Springs company since 1993. After purchasing the Aberfoyle Springs brand and facilities in 2000, Nestlé changed the name first, in 2002, to "Nestlé Pure Life Aberfoyle," and then to "Nestlé Pure Life Natural Spring Water". Nestlé also bottles the Montclair brand in its facilities. Nestlé's Aberfoyle Springs plant currently bottles two different waters: the on-site Aberfoyle spring water, and spring water tankered in from Cedar Valley Spring in Erin, Ontario. In addition, spring water is bottled on-site in Hope, British Columbia. In the United States, Nestlé Pure Life is a purified (filtered) water.

Nestlé Waters is currently Canada's largest water bottling company, with two bottling facilities. The larger of the facilities is located in Aberfoyle, Ontario with the second facility located in Hope, British Columbia and warehouses located in Chilliwack, British Columbia and Laval, Quebec. In July 2020, Nestlé Canada announced that it had agreed to sell its Canadian water bottling business to Ice River Springs.[1] The latter would acquire the source and bottling operations in Puslinch, Ontario (Aberfoyle) and in Hope, British Columbia and an untapped well in Erin, Ontario.[2]

Nestlé Waters sells three European Brands: Perrier, San Pellegrino and Acqua Panna.

Aquapod, manufactured by Nestlé Waters North America through the Ice Mountain brand, is a non-carbonated natural spring water, targeted towards children. It is packaged in an 11-ounce bottle, shaped like an orb. "With new orbtastic shape!" is the catch phrase commonly associated with the Aquapod range.[citation needed]

Poland Spring[edit]

Poland Spring is a brand of bottled water manufactured by a subsidiary of Nestlé.[3] It was founded in 1845 by Hiram Ricker. Poland Spring water is derived from multiple sources in the state of Maine, including Poland Spring and Garden Spring in Poland, Clear Spring in Hollis, Evergreen Spring in Fryeburg, Spruce Spring in Pierce Pond Township, and White Cedar Spring in Dallas Plantation. Recently, the Poland Spring brand has adopted a bottle using 60% less plastic,[4] as did the other Nestlé Waters North America brands.[5] It is the top-selling spring water brand in the United States.[3]

Water sales[edit]

Maine's Bureau of Industrial and Labor Statistics listed 81 existing mineral springs in the past. Twenty-three were used for commercial bottling, with total sales of $400,000.[clarification needed] $200,000[clarification needed] of these sales were by Poland Spring.

Today Poland Spring sells the majority of its water in portable 8, 12, and 20 oz bottles; 500 ml, 700 ml, 1 L, and 1.5 L bottles, but also carries larger 5-US-gallon (19 L) bottles usable in office or in home water dispensers. Smaller 1-US-gallon (3.8 L) and 2.5-US-gallon (9.5 L) bottles are also available for sale in most supermarkets, and for home delivery in the Northeastern United States. Other less popular varieties of Poland Spring include sparkling, lemon, lime, and distilled. All Poland Spring products are sold in plastic bottles.[citation needed] They are also the producers of the Aquapod line of products.

In the summer of 2005, Poland Spring changed the color of its 1-US-gallon (3.8 L) bottle cap from dark green to clear. The reason for the color change was to remove the dye from the cap, which allows it to enter the recycling stream. Poland Spring later changed to a lighter bottle called the Eco-Shape which uses 30 percent less plastic.[5] The new style made its début in November 2007.[6]


Nestlé S.A. is the world's largest producer of bottled water and is frequently criticised for the ethics of its global control of limited water sources. Criticism of Nestlé centres around its limiting of local peoples' access to water resources as well as environmental concerns.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

Water sourcing issues[edit]

Ice Mountain has been part of the Great Lakes water use debate in which diversion of the basin's water for export has been controversial.[14] In 2004, a Michigan court ordered pumping of Sanctuary springs to cease. After an appellate court overturned the cease and desist, the company and local groups came to an agreement to pump only 218 US gallons (830 L) per minute, which is comparable to other local beverage operations.[15] Nestlé has run into similar local opposition when trying to locate a new source location near the headwaters of the White River in the upper lower peninsula of Michigan. [16]

Several towns in Maine have objected to the business practices of Poland Spring and its parent company Nestlé. In some towns, such as Fryeburg, Maine, Poland Spring actually buys the water (110 million US gallons (420,000 m3) of water from Fryeburg a year) from another company, the Fryeburg Water Co., and ships it to the Poland Spring bottling plant in Poland Spring.[17] However, Fryeburg Water Co. also sells water to the town of Fryeburg.

The town of Fryeburg began to question the amount of water the company was selling to Poland Spring. In 2004, the town's water stopped temporarily because of a pump failure, but Poland Spring's operations were able to continue.[3] The group H2O for ME wants to create a tax on water drawn for commercial purposes, however, Poland Spring said the tax would force the company into bankruptcy.[18] State congressman Jim Wilfong proposed a 20 cent per1-US-gallon (3.8 L) tax be allowed to be voted on in a referendum, but the measure was defeated. He also believes that laws should be rearranged to place limits on the amount of groundwater landowners can pump out of their land.[3]

The town of Sterling, Massachusetts is attempting to prevent Nestlé from pumping spring water from conservation restricted town land. Nestlé Waters North America (NWNA) has responded to an RFP issued by the Town of Clinton to purchase the Town of Clinton's Wekepeke aquifer water rights located in Sterling.[19]

Residents have been organizing against a proposed bottling plant in the city of Phoenix,[20] though details on the city's contract with Nestlé have not been released to the public.

In Canada, much of the water extracted by the company for its Nestlé Pure Life brand has been at a source in the village of Aberfoyle, Ontario in Puslinch, Ontario, located in Wellington County, Ontario and under the jurisdiction of the City of Guelph, Ontario. For some years, a local advocacy group, Wellington Water Watchers has expressed concern about the amount of groundwater being extracted by the company.[21]

After the planned sale of the Nestlé Canada's water bottling business to Ice River Springs was announced in July 2020, Wellington Water Watchers said that this was "a victory for the people of Ontario ... a response by Nestle to public pressure".[22] In a later statement, however, a spokesperson said that Ontario should be phasing out the bottled water industry, a "low priority and frivolous use of the water taking".[23]

Nearly a year earlier (July 2019), the Wellington group demanded that the provincial government obtain an environmental assessment before renewing the company's licence to remove any groundwater. At the time, Nestlé’s permit to extract 3.6 million litres of water per day was close to coming up for renewal.[24][25]

The most recent study (reported in March 2020) by the City of Guelph about the Aberfoyle well stated that Nestlé’s extraction of water "has not caused a decline or drop in water levels year after year" and that "water-taking at the current rate is sustainable at this point in time".[26]

False advertisement[edit]

In June 2003, Poland Spring was sued for false advertising in a class action lawsuit charging that their water that supposedly comes from springs, is in fact heavily treated common ground water.[27] The suit also states, hydro-geologists hired by Nestlé found that another current source for Poland Spring water near the original site stands over a former trash and refuse dump, and below an illegal disposal site where human sewage was sprayed as fertilizer for many years.[27] The suit was settled in September 2003, with the company not admitting to the allegations, but agreeing to pay $10 million in charity donations and discounts over the next 5 years.[28]


  1. ^ Nestle sells Pure Life bottled water business as changes to Ontario groundwater rules loom
  2. ^ Nestlé Canada to offload Pure Life bottled water brand
  3. ^ a b c d Source of trouble, The Economist, October 26, 2006 (in English)
  4. ^ Nestle Waters North America (August 23, 2010). "Nestle Waters North America Wins Innovation Award for Its Eco-Shape Bottle". PR Newswire (Press release).
  5. ^ a b "Poland Spring(R) Lightens Up With New Eco-Shape(TM) Bottle". BevNet. 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
  6. ^ Coultas, Carol. "Poland Spring eyeing debate". Archived from the original on 2007-07-13. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
  7. ^ Little Ego-Gnome: Brand Awareness
  8. ^ Jakarta Globe: Nestlé Uses Social Media for Bottled Water, Palm Oil Damage Control[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ The Council of Canadians Acting for Social Justice: U of A appointment and degree for Nestlé Chairman facing international backlash. Over 70 organizations from more than 20 countries condemn Brabeck-Letmathe honorary degree
  10. ^ The Council of Canadians Acting for Social Justice: Nestlé chair invited to join who’s who of water privateers on new University of Alberta water board
  11. ^ "INFACT Quebec: University of Alberta to Award Nestlé Chairman Honorary Award. Letter from Carole Dobrich, INFACT Quebec President to University of Alberta President Samarasekara and Chancellor Hughes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-25. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
  12. ^ Salida Citizen: Stop Nestlé’s water grab, or let them help themselves? Archived 2012-06-18 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ ICMR India (IBS Centre for Management Research): Nestlé's Social Irresponsibility in Developing Nations
  14. ^ Edwards, Chase (2002-08-01). "RUMBLES ON ICE MOUNTAIN". Archived from the original on 2008-06-14. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
  15. ^ "Nestlé Waters North America Reaches Agreement on Water Withdrawal Amounts at Sanctuary Springs Source" (PDF). 2006-01-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-11-08. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
  16. ^ "Nestlé raises stakes in bottled water battle". 2007-01-27. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
  17. ^ Turkel, Tux. "Water deal too sweet?". Archived from the original on 2008-03-14. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
  18. ^ "Group plans water-extraction tax, asks state support". Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
  19. ^ "Water fight already rages over Wekepeke". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
  20. ^ Loomis, Brandon (19 May 2016). "What drought? Nestle plans $35 million plant to bottle water in Phoenix". AZ Central. Retrieved 24 Feb 2017.
  21. ^ Wellington Water Watchers Sends Big Message In Fight Against Nestlé
  22. ^ Environmentalists cheer as Nestle sells Canadian water business
  23. ^ Ontario should 'gradually phase out bottled water': Wellington Water Watchers
  24. ^ Wellington Water Watchers Sends Big Message In Fight Against Nestlé
  25. ^ ‘This is an unsustainable industry’: Wellington Water Watchers anticipate Nestle permit renewal
  26. ^ Nestlé water-taking permit and Guelph’s water supply
  27. ^ a b "Nestlé Sued for Falsely Advertising Poland Spring Water". Water & Wastes Digest. 2003-06-19. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
  28. ^ Anthony Brooks (2003-09-04). "Poland Spring Settles Class-Action Lawsuit". Morning Edition. National Public Radio. Retrieved 2008-07-10.

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