Nestor Film Company
|Industry||Motion picture production company|
|Defunct||1917 (Universal Film Manufacturing Company part)|
|Headquarters||Bayonne, New Jersey |
The Nestor Film Company, originally known as the Nestor Motion Picture Company, was an American motion picture production company. It was founded in 1909 as the West Coast production unit of the Centaur Film Company located in Bayonne, New Jersey. While not the first movie studio in Los Angeles, on October 27, 1911, Nestor established the first permanent motion picture studio in Hollywood, California, and produced the first Hollywood films. The company merged with its distributor, the Universal Film Manufacturing Company, on May 20, 1912. Nestor became a brand name Universal used until at least mid-1917.
The Nestor Film Company was founded in 1909 as the West Coast production unit of the Centaur Film Company located in Bayonne, New Jersey, owned and operated by David Horsley and his brother, William Horsley.
On October 27, 1911, Nestor opened the first movie studio actually located in the Hollywood area of Los Angeles. It was at the Blondeau Tavern building on the northwest corner of Sunset Boulevard and Gower Street. The first motion picture stage in Hollywood was built behind the tavern.
Other East Coast studios had moved production to Los Angeles, prior to Nestor's move west. The California weather allowed for year-round filming and the ambitious studio operated three principal divisions under its Canadian-born general manager, Al Christie. Christie moved permanently to Southern California from the East, where he had been working with the Horsleys creating the popular silent-era Mutt and Jeff comedy shorts.
One division at the Hollywood location, under director Milton H. Fahrney, made a one-reel Western picture every week while the second division, under director Tom Ricketts, turned out a one-reel drama every week. In addition to running the operation, Christie oversaw a weekly production of a one-reel Mutt and Jeff episode.
Other filmmakers began opening studios in the Hollywood area.
On May 20, 1912, the Nestor Film Company merged with the Universal Film Manufacturing Company, headed by Carl Laemmle. Several other motion picture companies, including Laemmle's Independent Moving Pictures (IMP), merged with Universal, which had been founded in April 1912. Nestor became a brand name that Universal used until at least mid-1917.
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This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Ellenberger, Allan R. (October 27, 2011). "The 100th anniversary of Hollywood's first movie studio". Hollywoodland. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- "Nestor Film Company". The Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- "Bronze Memorial Will Mark First Hollywood Studio Site." Los Angeles Times. Sep. 25, 1940. p. A 1.
- Harleman, G. P. von (March 10, 1917). "Motion Picture Studios of California". The Moving Picture World. p. 1601. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- "About Us: Universal Studios History". The Filmmakers Destination. NBCUniversal. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
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