Nestorio

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Nestorio

Νεστόριο
Panoramic view
Panoramic view
Nestorio is located in Greece
Nestorio
Nestorio
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Nestoriou.png
Coordinates: 40°24′N 21°3′E / 40.400°N 21.050°E / 40.400; 21.050Coordinates: 40°24′N 21°3′E / 40.400°N 21.050°E / 40.400; 21.050
CountryGreece
Administrative regionWest Macedonia
Regional unitKastoria
Area
 • Municipality616.1 km2 (237.9 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit336.3 km2 (129.8 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,700 m (5,600 ft)
Lowest elevation
900 m (3,000 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
2,646
 • Municipality density4.3/km2 (11/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
1,411
 • Municipal unit density4.2/km2 (11/sq mi)
Community
 • Population964 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
520 51
Vehicle registrationAT
Map
A church in the village

Nestorio (Greek: Νεστόριο, Nestório; Macedonian: Нестрам, Nestram; Bulgarian: Нестрам, Nestram or Нѐсрам, Nésram)[2][3][4] is a village and a municipality in the Kastoria regional unit of Macedonia, Greece. Nestorio is approximately 28 km southwestwards of Kastoria, at the banks of the river Aliakmon.

Municipality[edit]

The municipality Nestorio was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[5]

The municipality has an area of 616.072 km2, the municipal unit 336.326 km2.[6]

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipal unit of Nestorio is divided into the following communities:

History[edit]

The area was ruled by the Ottoman Empire until the Balkan Wars of 1912-13, in the late 19th and early 20th century as part of Manastir Vilayet. The population of Nestram consisted of an older local Slavic speaking population and a small Aromanian population that originated from the nearby village of Linotopi on the Gramos mountains that were later assimilated by the Slavonic villagers.[7] At the beginning of the twentieth century, in Nestram there were 16 Aromanian speaking families and 455 Slavic speaking families.[7] Nestram had 2,700 inhabitants in the beginning of the 20th century and most of them were Slavophone (Slavic speaking) Orthodox Christians and a few of them Aromanians. In the early 20th century the majority of the inhabitants of Nestram accepted the rule of the Bulgarian Exarchate. According to the statistics of Vasil Kanchov (Macedonia. Ethnography and Statistics) the inhabitants of Nestram in 1900 were Bulgarians.[8]

Nestram, along with the rest of southern Macedonia, was incorporated into Greece in 1913 following the Balkan Wars. The village was known as Nestrami (Greek: Νεστράμι) until 1926 when it was renamed as Agios Nestor (Greek: Άγιος Νέστωρ).[9] In 1928, the village received its current Greek name Nestorion (Greek: Νεστόριον).[10]

In the modern period, the village is Slavic speaking with a Greek orientation.[11] Field work conducted recently showed only a rudimentary competence in Slavic among the village's inhabitants.[11]

Culture[edit]

The village holds an annual rock festival in late-July, called 'River Party'.[12] River Party started in 1978. The bands come from the Greek rock scene, especially from Athens and Thessaloniki and with foreign guests, including from the wider region.[13]

Population[edit]

Year Community Municipal unit Municipality
1981 1,233 - -
1991 1,158 1,928 -
2001 1,214 1,782 -
2011 964 1,411 2,646

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Ethnographie des Vilayets d'Adrianople, de Monastir et de Salonique, Constantinople, 1878. OCLC 12139947.
  3. ^ „Македония и Одринско. Статистика на населението от 1873 г.“ Македонски научен институт, София, 1995, с. 110-111.
  4. ^ "Научна експедиция в Македония и Поморавието,1916 г. съст. Петър Хр. Петров".
  5. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  6. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  7. ^ a b Koukoudis, Asterios (2003). The Vlachs: Metropolis and Diaspora. Thessaloniki: Zitros Publications. pp. 334, 383. ISBN 9789607760869.
  8. ^ Васил Кънчов. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“. София, 1900, c. 266. (Kanchov, Vasil. Macedonia — ethnography and statistics, Sofia, 1900, p. 266.
  9. ^ "Πανδέκτης: Nestrami -- Agios Nestor". Retrieved 2019-09-19. Pandektis: Name Changes of Settlements in Greece, compiled by the Institute for Neohellenic Research
  10. ^ "Πανδέκτης: Agios Nestor -- Nestorion". Retrieved 2019-09-19. Pandektis: Name Changes of Settlements in Greece, compiled by the Institute for Neohellenic Research
  11. ^ a b Rossini, Claudia (2003). "Graecophiles and Macedonophiles: Greek Macedonia's Slavic-Speakers, the Minority Identity Question and the Clash of Identities at Village Level". Jahrbücher für Geschichte und Kultur Südosteuropas 5. 5: 181."the Slavic-speaking, but traditionally Greek orientated village of Nestorio (prefecture of Kastoria)"
  12. ^ River Party website (Partially Greek)
  13. ^ Ξεκινά σήμερα το 31ο River Party στο Νεστόριο της Καστοριάς (Greek)

External links[edit]