Netanya Market bombing
|Netanya Market bombing|
|Part of the Second Intifada militancy campaign|
|Location||Netanya's open-air market, Netanya, Israel|
|Date||May 19, 2002
|Deaths||3 (+ 1 bomber)|
|Perpetrators||Hamas and the PFLP claimed responsibility|
The Netanya Market bombing was a suicide bombings which occurred on May 19, 2002 at the entrance to the main fruit and vegetable open-air market in Netanya. The site of the attack was chosen in order to cause maximum number of casualties. Three people were killed in the attack, and 56–59 were injured.
Netanya has been a frequent target of Palestinian suicide bombers. A prior attack on March 27, 2002 at the Park hotel in Netanya killed 29 people during the Jewish Passover Seder and triggered Operation Defensive Shield, a large Israeli military offensive in the West Bank.
On Sunday, May 19, 2002, during the afternoon hours, a Palestinian suicide bomber disguised as an IDF soldier managed to slip through several police checkpoints with the assistance of a female collaborator. The suicide bomber who wore an explosive belt hidden underneath his clothes, packed with nails and bolts, and detonated the explosive device at the entrance to the main open market of the Israeli coastal city of Netanya. The blast killed three innocent civilians and injured 56 people, among them at least 10 in severe condition.
The PFLP said the attack purpose was to protest the detention of the group's leader, Ahmad Saadat, by the Palestinian Authority in connection with the PFLP assassination of the Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Ze'evi.
- Arkady Vieselman, 39, of Netanya
- Victor Tatrinov, 62, of Netanya
- Yosef Haviv, 70, of Netanya
In response to the attack Israeli army forces conducted several operational activities in the towns of Tulkarm and Ramallah in the West Bank for a relatively short period time during the late Sunday, though there was no major Israeli retaliation for the Netanya Market bombing.
After the attack the Israeli defense establishment stated that the attack was ordered by the head of the PFLP Ahmed Saadat from his cell in the PA-run Jericho Prison, under U.S. and British supervision. They also found that the suicide bomber managed to reach the market in Netanya with the assistance of another person who drove him there.
Later on it was revealed that the driver was Adel Adnan Mahmoud Jumaa, a resident of Taybeh, who admitted that he had driven the suicide-bomber and a woman collaborator to Netanya. The woman was Da'a Jiusi, a 21-year-old Palestinian female student from the Palestinian city Tulkarem who later on confessed that she was asked to accompany the suicide bomber provide cover as an innocent-looking couple.
In addition, after the attack Israeli officials revealed that the Israeli security forces received an actual warning about the attack 20 minutes before the suicide bomber detonated his explosive device but added that at that point they were powerless from stopping him.
On June 30, 2003 an Israeli Military Court sentenced Da'a Jiusi to three life sentences plus 30 years in prison. Jiusi was convicted of leading a suicide bomber to explode in a civilian market. Another man, Alam Kabi from Nablus, was sentenced in 2004 to nine life sentences, for dispatching the suicide bomber who perpetrated the Netanya Market bombing, along with several other attacks.
- Involved parties
Israel: Immediately after the attack in Netanya, Israeli officials stated that Israeli government was unlikely to launch a broad military operation in retaliation to the terror attack. Instead, they stated that Israeli military forces would continue to carry out targeted raids against armed Palestinian militants.
- U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney called on Yasser Arafat to crack down on Palestinian militant armed groups but added that "there clearly is a class of bombings that he can't rein in". Cheney also stated that the United States plans to send CIA Director George Tenet to the region to assist the security forces of Arafat in targeting the militant organizations.
- National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice stated that the attack underlined the need of the Palestinians leadership in creating "a unified security apparatus that can be accountable and can deal with issues of terrorism."
United Kingdom: British Foreign Office spokesman has stated that the UK has asked Israel to provide evidence that Ahmed Saadat, the head of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), gave a green light for the attack in the Netanya Market bombing while held by British and American warders in the West Bank city of Jericho.
- Ben Tzur, Ra'anana; Somfavli, Attila (May 19, 2002). "Three Killed in Netanya Terror Attack". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- "CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News". Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- Greenberg, Hanan (June 20, 2005). "Suicide Bomber Caught at Erez Crossing on Her Way to Soroka". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Nail bomber kills three in Israeli market. By Inigo Gilmore . The Telegraph (UK). May 20, 2002
- "Pioneer Press: Search Results". May 20, 2002.
- The Role of Palestinian Women in Suicide Terrorism
- "BBC NEWS - Middle East - Palestinians condemn bombing". Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- Anderson, Sean; Sloan, Stephen (2009). Historical Dictionary of Terrorism. Scarecrow Press. p. 539. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 32, no. 1 (Autumn 2002), p. 171.
- Arkady Vieselman
- "אזרחים חללי פעולות איבה - חיפוש לפי שם, אירוע או מקום מגורים - ארקדי ויזלמן ז"ל". Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- Victor Tatrinov
- Yosef Haviv
- Preston, Julia (15 April 2006). "Hurt by Hamas, Americans Sue Banks in U.S.". New York Times. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- Suicide bomber kills himself day after attack killed four – Taipei Times
- "Israel blames suicide bombing on prisoner". USA Today. May 21, 2002.
- "Jailed Palestinian 'planned attack'". BBC News. May 20, 2002.
- ISA and Israel Police discover PFLP cell that perpetrated May 19 Netanya suicide bombing. Israel MFA Press Release. June 19, 2002
- "Palestinians condemn bombing". BBC News. May 20, 2002.
- עובד בולגרי נרצח ביריות בגדה; פתח קיבל אחריות – וואלה! חדשות
- Arnon Regular, Jonathan Lis. Court hands down life sentences to two terrorists. Haaretz, 2004.
- "שרות בתי הסוהר". Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- Cody, Edward (May 20, 2002). "Israeli Market Bombed; At Least 3 Killed In Suicide Attack".
- Online NewsHour Update: Suicide Bombers Strike Israel–May 20, 2002
- "Breaking, World, US & Local News - nydailynews.com - NY Daily News". NY Daily News. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- "Suicide bomber kills 3 in Israel". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- Israel blast kills 3, wounds at least 50 – published on USA Today on May 21, 2002
- Suicide bomber kills 3 Israelis, injures 56 – published on CNN on May 19, 2002
- Bomb shatters Israeli calm – published on BBC News on May 19, 2002
- http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/05/19/world/main509509.shtml – published on CBS News on May 19, 2002
- Three killed, 56 injured in suicide attack in Netanya – published on Haaretz on May 19, 2002
- Do Female suicide bombers go through a less thorough examination? – published on ynet on May 19, 2002 (Hebrew)
- Israeli Market Bombed; At Least 3 Killed In Suicide Attack – published on the Washington Post on May 20, 2002