Neten Chokling was born August 10, 1973 in a modest family in Wandipodzong, in Bhutan. He was recognized by the 16th Karmapa as well as Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche as being the reincarnation of Neten Chokling Pema Gyurme. Karmapa named him Gyurme Dorje. At the age of 7, he was taken to his monastery, Pema Ewam Chögar Gyurme Ling, in Bir, and enthroned by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche in Clement Town at the Mindrolling Monastery. Before arriving in his home monastery, he was enthroned in Rumtek, Sikkim, by the Karmapa. He has received the transmissions of the Kangyur, Nyingma Gyübum, Nyingma Kama, Rinchen Terdzö, and Chokling Tersar as well as many other teachings from Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche.
Neten Chokling, along with Tsikey Chokling Rinpoche, is one the fourth reincarnation of Chokgyur Lingpa  This lineage traces back Trisong Detsen, a Tibetan king who invited Padmasambhava to Tibet.
Neten Chokling Rinpoche is married to Tenzing Choyang Gyari. She is the second oldest daughter of Gyari Rinpoche. Their son, Ugyen Jigme Rabsal Dawa is the reincarnation of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche.
He acted in Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche's films The Cup (1999) and Travellers and Magicians (2003). In 2006, he directed his own first film, The Life of Milarepa - Part I. The film is about the adventurous years of the legendary buddhist mystic, Milarepa (1052-1135), who is one of the most widely known Tibetan Saints, and who initially set out for vengeance and retribution.
- The Neten Chokling incarnation line, as told by Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche
- Chokling Incarnation Line
- Milarepa – The Mystic Saint of Tibet Now on Screen