Nether Worton

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Nether Worton
Parish Church of St James - geograph.org.uk - 150174.jpg
St James' parish church (right)
and former parish school (left)
Nether Worton is located in Oxfordshire
Nether Worton
Nether Worton
Location within Oxfordshire
OS grid referenceSP4230
Civil parish
  • Worton
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townChipping Norton
Postcode districtOX7
Dialling code01608
PoliceThames Valley
FireOxfordshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°57′36″N 1°22′48″W / 51.960°N 1.380°W / 51.960; -1.380Coordinates: 51°57′36″N 1°22′48″W / 51.960°N 1.380°W / 51.960; -1.380

Nether Worton is a hamlet in Oxfordshire, about 6 12 miles (10.5 km) south of Banbury and 7 miles (11 km) east of Chipping Norton. Nether Worton was a separate civil parish until 1932, when it was merged with Over Worton to form the current civil parish of Worton.[1]

Archaeology[edit]

Earthworks on Hawk Hill indicate a prehistoric settlement of unknown date, possibly Iron Age.[1]

Manor[edit]

The Domesday Book records that until 1066 one Leofgeat held the manor of Ortune, probably at what is now Nether Worton. After the Norman Conquest of England an estate of three hides and half a yardland at Worton passed to William the Conqueror's half-brother Odo of Bayeux.[1] By 1086 there were 15 households consisting of 10 smallholders and five villagers.[2]

Nether Worton House is the former manor house. It has a datestone inscribed 1653 but parts of the house may be earlier. The house was extended about 1920.[3] It is a Grade II* listed building.[4]

Chapel of ease[edit]

The earliest parts of the Church of England chapel of ease of St James are 12th-century Norman and 13th-century Early English.[3] The nave is aisled with three-bay north and south arcades. The piers of the south arcade are 12th-century but the columns are 14th-century. The north arcade is entirely 14th-century. The present southwest tower was built in 1630, incorporating a repositioned 13th-century doorway on the south side. The building was restored in 1883. The tower has two bells, the older of which was cast in 1601.[1]

Until 2015 St James was part of a single benefice with Holy Trinity parish church, Over Worton.[5] In March 2015 Nether Worton and Over Worton parishes became part of the Benefice of Westcote Barton with Steeple Barton, Duns Tew and Sandford St. Martin and Over with Nether Worton,[6] also called the Dorn and Ridge Benefice.[7]

References[edit]

Nether Worton House, built in the Commonwealth Era in 1653
  1. ^ a b c d Crossley 1983, pp. 285–293.
  2. ^ Palmer, JJN. "Place: [Nether and Over] Worton". Open Domesday. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 714.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Nether Worton House  (Grade II*) (1052464)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  5. ^ Archbishops' Council. "Nether Worton: St James, Nether Worton". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  6. ^ Archbishops' Council. "Benefice of Westcote Barton with Steeple Barton, Duns Tew and Sandford Saint Martin and Over with Nether Worton". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  7. ^ The Dorn & Ridge Benefice ~ Oxfordshire, UK

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]