|Netheravon shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||1,060 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
The village is the most populous part of 'The Collingbournes and Netheravon' electoral ward. This ward starts in the west at Netheravon, stretches east to Collingbourne Ducis and ends in the east at Chute Forest. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 4,186.
The writer Frank Sawyer (1906–1980), although born in Bulford, spent most of his life in Netheravon as a river keeper on the Avon and died on the banks of the river near the parish church. He developed the Pheasant Tail Nymph for fly fishing and wrote the books Keeper of the Stream and Nymphs and the Trout.
Netheravon House, built in the 18th century for the Beech family and extended in 1791 by John Soane, is Grade II* listed. Evidence of a Roman villa has been found on part of its site. An 18th-century dovecote stands in the grounds to the north of the house. In 1898 Michael Hicks Beach sold the house and estate to the War Office.
Military activity was first established at Netheravon in 1904 with the creation of a cavalry school under the sponsorship of Major General Robert Baden-Powell as the Inspector General of Cavalry. Baden-Powell envisioned developments in the use of Cavalry following his experiences in Southern Africa and India, and lessons from the Second Boer War. The school emphasised the use of cavalry for scouting and reconnaissance, recognising that the traditional effects of mass of cavalry had been diminished by the availability of modern weapons. The Officers' Mess was established at Netheravon House.
Aviation operations and training
Netheravon Airfield is outside the parish, on the other bank of the Avon in Fittleton and Figheldean parishes. A grass strip airfield was created for the Royal Flying Corps northeast of Coulston Camp (later called Airfield Camp) in 1913 and later became RAF Netheravon, an operational and training base. It was the home of No. 1 Flying Training School RAF from 1919 until 1931, and during the Second World War was used again for training and as a short-term base for operational squadrons, with glider and parachute activity from 1941. In 1963 the airfield and camp were transferred to the Army, and became AAC Netheravon (Army Air Corps) from 1966 until 2012.
With the establishment of the Airfield in 1912 the Cavalry School continued to operate in the remaining training areas until the beginning of the war, re-opening briefly in 1919. In 1922 the school amalgamated with the Royal Artillery Riding Establishment in Northamptonshire and the location was taken over by the Machine Gun School, following a move from Grantham.
The Machine Gun School was absorbed as an element of the Small Arms School Corps in 1926. Over time the school expanded to encompass support weapons in general, becoming the Support Weapons Wing of SASC. Support Weapons Wing remained at Netheravon until 1995 when Avon Camp was closed and the Wing moved to the Land Warfare Centre, Warminster.
Courses at Avon Camp included the use of:
- Heavy Machine Gun
- General Purpose Machine Gun – Sustained Fire
- Man Portable Anti-Tank
- "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "The Collingbournes and Netheravon ward 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2015".
- Vines, Sidney (1984). Frank Sawyer – Man of the Riverside. London: George Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0-04-799023-6.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints, Netheravon (1033956)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "Church of All Saints, Netheravon". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Historic England. "Netheravon House (1299956)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Historic England. "Roman Villa and tessellated floor, Netheravon (218930)". PastScape. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Historic England. "Dovecote at Netheravon House (1033902)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- Baggs, A.P.; Crittall, Elizabeth; Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H (1980). Crowley, D.A., ed. "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 11 pp165-181". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- "Netheravon". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Cocroft, Wayne; Holborow, Will; Lake, Jeremy; Thomas, Roger (2011). "Ministry of Defence disposals: Wiltshire (115-2011)" (PDF). English Heritage. pp. 91–99. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "Airfield Camp, Netheravon 1912-2012" (PDF). Army Air Corps Journal (52): 40–42. 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
Media related to Netheravon at Wikimedia Commons