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Netherlands–Russia relations is the relationships between the two countries, the Netherlands and Russia. Russia has an embassy in The Hague, and the Netherlands have an embassy in Moscow, a consulate in Saint Petersburg, and an honorary consulate in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
Since the year 2013 the political relations have become strained due to a number of conflicts and incidents, the most prominent being the annexation of Crimea in 2014, the shooting down of MH17 in 2014 that killed 193 Dutch nationals, and the war in Donbass.
During the time of Peter the Great
Peter the Great whilst on his tour of western Europe (1697-1698) visited the Netherlands and practised as a shipwright in Zaandam. During his stay he managed to recruit some Dutch maritime expertise for the newly established Russian navy. One of the most notable Dutch members of the Russian navy was the Norwegian-born captain Cornelius Cruys, who after several years of service reached the rank of admiral and became the first commander of the Baltic Fleet.
From the revolution until the cold war
Since the Russian Revolution, The Netherlands did not have any diplomatic relationships with the Soviet Union until the end of the Second World War. During the war, the Dutch government was in exile.
During the cold war
Aside from commerce and politics, there have been some notable Dutch influence on Russian football, with Guus Hiddink in 2006–2010 followed by Dick Advocaat in 2010–2012 as head coach of the Russian national team.
In the year 2013 a number of cultural activities took place in the Netherlands and Russia to celebrate 400 years of diplomatic ties. Russian president Vladimir Putin visited Amsterdam. In October 2013, the ties between the countries were strained when a group of Greenpeace activists were arrested during a protest on an Arctic oil rig owned by Gazprom. On October 9, the minister counsellor Dmitri Borodin, working at the Russian embassy in The Hague, was detained after allegations of abusing his children. Dutch minister of foreign affairs Frans Timmermans apologized later for the violation of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. Subsequently, on October 15, the Dutch diplomat Onno Elderenbosch was physically attacked in his apartment in Moscow by two men posing as electricians. During the 2014 Sochi Olympic Games, Vladimir Putin visited the Holland Heineken House and drank a beer with King Willem Alexander.
Relations were further strained when Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, an airliner carrying 193 Dutch nationals, was shot down over Ukraine by Russian separatist forces using a Russia-supplied BUK missile launcher.
Notable Russians in the Netherlands
Notable Dutch in Russia
- Dick Advocaat
- Willem Barentsz
- Cornelius Cruys
- Guus Hiddink
- André Kuipers astronaut.
- Karel van het Reve slavicist, essayist, correspondent of the Parool Dutch newspaper in the Soviet Union, ex-communist, influential anti-communist in the Netherlands.
- Derk Sauer Dutch entrepreneur, founder of the Moscow Times and many other popular magazines in Russia.
- Andrew Vinius
- Communist Party of the Netherlands
- Greenpeace Arctic Sunrise ship case
- Czar Peter House (Netherlands)
- Nicolaes Witsen
- Sakhalin II
- Hermitage Amsterdam
- Malaysian Airlines Flight 17
- Reve, Karel van het Rusland hoe het was, Contact publishing house Amsterdam, 1976, page 119
- van Roekel, Evertjan. "Nederlandse SS'ers en de Holocaust". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Reuters, October 20, 2011
- "Dick Advocaat set to replace Guus Hiddink as Russia go double Dutch". The Guardian. 2010-05-17. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- NU.nl. 17 October 2013 http://www.nu.nl/cultuur-overig/3604458/stedelijk-museum-sluit-ruslandjaar-af-met-malevich.html. Retrieved December 26, 2013. Missing or empty
- Putin demands Dutch arrest apology as ties worsen BBC News Europe,retrieved 10-8-2013
-  BBC News Europe, retrieved 10-16-2013
-  The Voice of Russia, retrieved 03-17-2014
-  JIT: Flight MH17 was shot down by a BUK missile from a farmland near Pervomaiskyi, retrieved 03-29-2017
-  MH17 – The Open Source Investigation, Two Years Later, retrieved 03-29-2017
- "Derk Sauer: "20 Years Later"". Moscow Times. Retrieved 29 November 2012.