First Kok cabinet
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The First cabinet of Wim Kok (1994-1998), also called the "Purple Coalition" because of its social-democrat (red) and liberal (blue) components, was a Dutch government formed by the political parties PVDA, VVD and D66. D66 had won its greatest political victory with the slogan that the Christian Democratic Appeal should be in the opposition for a change. The desire to form a cabinet without the Christian Democrats was based on the pivotal role in the political center that the CDA played in Dutch politics. The CDA had been in government continuously since its formation in 1980, and at least one of its three antecedents had been in government since 1918.
The main aim of the cabinet was to create employment. GDP growth had been erratic in recent years. The aim of the cabinet was to increase the influence of markets in the economy, with policies of tax reduction, economizing and trying to keep people out of the social care by supporting employment. Large infrastructural projects were started. Another aim was to make an end to the enormous debt of the Dutch government.
The cabinet started processes of liberalisation which were completed by the same coalition in the following cabinet: the legalisation of prostitution in 2000, same-sex marriage in 2001 and Euthanasia in 2002.
This was the last cabinet in recent history to serve a full term. Five of the following cabinets resigned and one was a temporary caretaker cabinet.
|Vice Prime Minister
|Vice Prime Minister
|Hans van Mierlo||D66|
|Education, Culture and Sciences||Jo Ritzen||PvdA|
|Hans Wijers||D66||a.i. June 4–26, 1996|
Dutch Caribbean and Aruba
|Transport and Water||Annemarie Jorritsma||VVD|
|Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheryj||Jozias van Aartsen||VVD|
|Social Affairs and Employment||Ad Melkert||PvdA|
|Public health, Wellbeing and Sports||Els Borst||D66|
|Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment||Margreeth de Boer||PvdA|
|Development cooperation||Jan Pronk||PvdA|
Please refer to the article on State Secretary (Netherlands) for an explanation about the function.
|Foreign Affairs||Michiel Patijn||VVD|
|Interior Affairs||Jacob Kohnstamm||D66|
|Tonny van de Vondervoort||PvdA|
|Education, Culture and Sciences||Tineke Netelenbos||PvdA|
|Defense||Jan Gmelich Meijling||VVD|
|Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment||Dick Tommel||D66|
|Economy||Anneke van Dok-van Weele||PvdA|
|Social Affairs and Employment||Robin Linschoten||VVD||until 28 June 1996|
|Frank de Grave||VVD||from 2 July 1996|
|Public health, Wellbeing and Sports||Erica Terpstra||VVD|
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