Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest
Participating broadcasterAVROTROS (2014–)
Former members
Participation summary
Appearances64 (53 finals)[a]
First appearance1956
Highest placement1st: 1957, 1959, 1969, 1975, 2019
Host1958, 1970, 1976, 1980, 2020,[b] 2021
Participation history
Related articles
Nationaal Songfestival
External links
Netherlands's page at Edit this at Wikidata
For the most recent participation see
Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 2024

The Netherlands has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 64 times since making its debut as one of the seven countries at the first contest in 1956. The country has missed only four contests, twice because the dates coincided with Remembrance of the Dead (1985, 1991), and twice because of being relegated due to poor results the previous year (1995 and 2002). It has missed the final despite qualifying once, in 2024, due to the personal conduct of its entrant which led to disqualification. The Netherlands has hosted the contest five times: in Hilversum (1958), Amsterdam (1970), The Hague (1976 and 1980), and Rotterdam (2021).

The Netherlands has won the contest five times, with Corry Brokken (1957), Teddy Scholten (1959), Lenny Kuhr in a four-way tie (1969), Teach-In (1975) and Duncan Laurence (2019). The country's other top five results are Sandra and Andres fourth (1972), Mouth and MacNeal third (1974), Maggie MacNeal fifth (1980), Marcha fifth (1987), Edsilia Rombley fourth (1998), and second with The Common Linnets (2014). It has finished last in 1958, 1962, 1963, 1968, and in the second semi-final in 2011.

After the introduction of semi-finals in 2004, the Netherlands failed to reach the final for eight years in a row from 2005 to 2012, but has since participated in eight of the last 11 finals.


1956–1959: Quick success[edit]

The 1958 scoreboard

The Netherlands was one of seven countries competing in the inaugural 1956 contest. NTS presented the Nationaal Songfestival to select Dutch entries to the contest. Corry Brokken and Jetty Paerl finished top two and qualified to Lugano. After a year, success came fast as "Net als toen" from Brokken won the 1957 contest in Frankfurt, receiving points from every single country. Sem Nijveen provided the violin solo. As a result, NTS hosted the 1958 contest in Hilversum. Brokken's "Heel de wereld" received the first point from the first voting country, Switzerland, but it turned out to be the only point for her and finished tied ninth and last. Hosting and finishing last would not be repeated until Portugal in 2018; Austria in 2015 scored zero points alongside Germany but finished second last due to tie-breaking rules. In 1959 in Cannes, the Netherlands was represented by Teddy Scholten with "Een beetje", a song about being unfaithful in a relationship. The UK led the voting, before Italy sent seven points and France sent four more for another Dutch victory.

1960–1968: Dark age[edit]

Rudi Carrell and Annie Palmen won the national final with "Wat een geluk" in 1960 before Carrell was selected for the night but the song finished 12th (second last). Greetje Kauffeld failed to win three selections before being internally selected in 1961 with Wat een dag, which finished tied tenth. De Spelbrekers won with "Katinka". This song is in the distinguished list for finishing last with 0 points but still being the more-remembered entries in the Netherlands from the dark age. In 1963, The members of the orchestra went on strike, which made the televised selection impossible. Palmen performed three songs for juries before "Geen ander", later renamed "Een speeldoos" was selected. The song once again finished tied last with zero points. Dutch-Indonesian Anneke Grönloh with "Jij bent mijn leven" finished tied tenth in 1964. The 1965 Nationaal Songfestival had five semi-finals to select the song for each entrant. It was hosted by Teddy Scholten. Conny Vandenbos won with "'t Is genoeg". Norway gave was the only country to give any points, the maximum 5 points, making the Netherlands finish 11th. Milly Scott was the first black performer to participate in 1966, Ireland and United Kingdom both gave "Fernando en Filippo" 1 point, having the Netherlands finish 15th. Harmelen hosted the 1967 selection. Winner Thérèse Steinmetz finished 14th with "Ring-dinge-ding". In 1968, the Netherlands finished last again with "Morgen" from Ronnie Tober.

1969–1975: From Lenny Kuhr to Teach-In[edit]

The 1969 Nationaal Songfestival brought Europe together by asking every single participating country in 1969 to vote with the Dutch juries. Conny Vink's "De toeteraar" was beaten by Lenny Kuhr's "De troubadour". Dolf van der Linden refused to go to Madrid and the song was conducted by Frans de Kok. The last two countries brought the Netherlands, France, the UK and Spain tied in first place with 18 points. Because there was no tie-breaking rule in place at the time, all 4 countries were announced as winners, which led to multiple countries withdrawing in 1970. The Netherlands beat France in coin-toss to host the Eurovision Song Contest 1970 in RAI Amsterdam. Hearts of Soul finished 7th with "Waterman". Saskia and Serge finished second in 1970 national final before being internally selected for 1971. The ballad "Tijd" finished tied sixth that night. It was the last song Dolf van der Linden conducted after 13 songs were conducted by him, of which two victories. Sandra and Andres's "Als het om de liefde gaat" was the first entry where the audience clapped along. The Netherlands finished fourth, one point behind Germany. After "De oude muzikant" from Ben Cramer finished 14th in 1973, the country sent Mouth and MacNeal with "I See a Star". 1974 was the first year that allowed songs in English, so the lyrics were changed to English. At the contest, they had to face ABBA, former winner Gigliola Cinquetti and Olivia Newton-John before eventually finishing third. Teach In with "Ding-a-dong" won the 1975 Nationaal Songfestival, which was the first time since 1970 that the singers weren't internally selected. The song received six twelve points, winning the contest for the fourth time, being the first song to win while opening the contest.

1976–1985: Multiple hostings[edit]

Sandra Reemer with the outfit she wore in 1979

The Hague hosted the 1976 contest in Congresgebouw with former winner Corry Brokken presenting the show. Sandra Reemer returned with "The Party's Over" finishing 9th. The country slumped to three non top-tens after, "De mallemolen" with Heddy Lester, 12th, "'t Is OK" with Harmony, 13th, and Xandra, the pseudonym of Sandra Reemer, with "Colorado", finishing 12th. The Congresgebouw returned to host 1980 contest after Israel declined hosting after winning twice in a row and withdrew, because the date of the contest coincided with their Remembrance Day. Rogier van Otterloo made a debut as a conductor. Maggie MacNeal entered with the song "Amsterdam". The song would be the last internally selected song until 2013. "Amsterdam" led the voting after first three twelve points from four countries. The song later slipped to fifth. Linda Williams went to the 1981 contest with "Het is een wonder", finishing 7th. A year later, The Millionaires's "Fantasie eiland" controversially missed the ticket because expert juries sent Bill van Dijk with "Jij en ik". The English trio Tight Fit covered the song as Fantasy Island, which became a top 5 hit in the UK. In 1982 "Fantasie eiland" went on to win the OGAE Second Chance Contest. Germany's five points led "Jij en ik" to finished third last. The 1983 Nationaal Songfestival is also seen as dramatic. Vulcano's "Een beetje van dit" tied with Bernadette's "Sing Me a Song" before the last set of the jury votes gave Bernadette one point and Vulcano none, which sent her to Munich. The Netherlands finished 7th. After almost winning the Nationaal Songfestival in 1981, Maribelle represented the country in 1984 with "Ik hou van jou". The entry finished 13th, preceding the first ever Dutch withdrawal in 1985 due to the Remembrance of the Dead.

1986–1995: Mixed results leading to relegation[edit]

Girl group Frizzle Sizzle were the Dutch entry in 1986 with "Alles heeft ritme", which again finished 13th. At the 1987 edition of Nationaal Songfestival, Marcha performed all six competing songs, and "Rechtop in de wind" was selected. Marcha finished joint fifth, the Netherlands's first top five result since 1980. The song was the last conducted by van Otterloo before his death from cancer. In 1988, Gerard Joling was internally selected as the Dutch representative, and "Shangri-La" was later selected as the Dutch entry. The song finished ninth. Justine Pelmelay, a backing singer for "Shangri-La", won the selection in 1989 with the song "Blijf zoals je bent", which finished 15th. In 1990, The country was represented by sisters Maywood with the power ballad "Ik wil alles met je delen", again finishing 15th. As the contest was held on 4 May 1991, the Netherlands decided against participating due to the Remembrance of the Dead. Humphrey Campbell won the 1992 selection with "Wijs me de weg", which finished ninth. In 1993 and 1994, NOS opted to internally select the Dutch artist, and used the Nationaal Songfestival to select the Dutch song. In 1993, Ruth Jacott was selected as the artist, and "Vrede" was selected as the entry, finishing sixth. In 1994, Willeke Alberti was selected with the song "Waar is de zon?". The song placed 23rd with four points, and the Netherlands were relegated from the 1995 contest.

1996–2004: A decade of good results[edit]

Nationaal Songfestival returned in 1996 with five semi-finals to select a song for each singer. Maxine and Franklin Brown represented the country with "De eerste keer". The song finished seventh, after an error. Dick Bakker, co-writer of "Ding-a-dong", made his debut as a conductor. In 1997, Mrs. Einstein, which the German television jokingly announced as the Dutch Spice Grandmothers, represented the Netherlands with "Niemand heeft nog tijd" finishing tied 22nd with five points. Nurlaila's "Alsof je bij me bent" finished second in the preselection, but won the OGAE Second Chance Contest 1998.[2] The highest-scoring entry that period was Edsilia Rombley's "Hemel en aarde": it even led the voting for some time. It was the last time the Netherlands was leader of the scoreboard until 2014. The song finished fourth, the Netherlands's best result since 1975. Marlayne won the Dutch final in 1999. She came joint 8th with the song "One Good Reason". In 2000, the song "No Goodbyes", sung by Linda Wagenmakers, placed 13th. In 2001, Michelle and her song "Out on My Own" finished 18th, and the Netherlands was not allowed to participate in 2002 due to poor results. Esther Hart won the national final in 2003 with the same writing team as 1999. Esther finished in 13th place. The country sent the male duo Re-union in 2004 with the song "Without You" and qualified for the final. They placed 20th with 11 points.

2005–2012: Non-qualification streak[edit]

In 2005, Glennis Grace's "My Impossible Dream" failed to reach the grand final. Treble also did not qualify a year later, with their song "Amambanda". In 2007, Rombley returned with her song "On Top of the World". She could not repeat her 1998 success and failed to qualify. In 2008, Hind participated with the song "Your Heart Belongs to Me": she too failed to qualify. In 2009, De Toppers's "Shine" failed to qualify. The year after, Sieneke was selected through a national final with "Ik ben verliefd (Sha-la-lie)" sung in Dutch - she also failed to qualify. The 3JS had the lowest score of all participants in the 2011 contest, and in 2012, Joan Franka failed to qualify as well. The Netherlands missed out on the final eight years in a row, making it the country with the longest period of non-qualification in the contest.

2013–present: Renaissance, qualification streaks and fifth victory[edit]

The string of consecutive non-qualifications of much of the 2000s and early 2010s led the Dutch broadcaster to re-think their strategy, which led to the internal selection of rock singer Anouk in 2013. Anouk chose the song "Birds" and the background singers herself and went on to break the Netherlands' long non-qualification streak, subsequently giving the country its first top 10 placing since 1999. The following years, the Dutch Eurovision committee continued to choose their artists internally. The year following Anouk, The Common Linnets (consisting of singers Ilse DeLange and Waylon) with "Calm After the Storm" won their semi-final and finished in second place overall. After a non-qualification with Trijntje Oosterhuis in 2015, the Dutch then recorded four consecutive qualifications with Douwe Bob and OG3NE both finishing in 11th place in their respective appearances, and returning singer Waylon placing 18th. Duncan Laurence brought the country its fifth overall victory and first in 44 years with his song "Arcade". As the host entrant in 2021, Jeangu Macrooy with "Birth of a New Age" was pre-qualified for the final, eventually finishing in 23rd place with 11 points, marking the fifth time since 2015 that the host country ranked in the bottom five. Macrooy was previously chosen to represent the country in the later-cancelled 2020 edition with "Grow". In 2022, S10 represented the country with "De diepte", the first Dutch-language entry since 2010, and finished in 11th place in the final. This qualification streak was ended the following year, when Mia Nicolai and Dion Cooper failed to advance from the semi-finals. In 2024, Joost Klein qualified from the semi-finals, but was disqualified prior to the final due to an incident involving Klein and a production staff member of the contest.


The Netherlands has missed only four contests in its Eurovision history. The country was absent in 1985 and 1991 due to the date of both contests coinciding with the Dutch Remembrance of the Dead,[3][4] and in 1995 and 2002 due to relegation as a result of the country's poor results in the previous year.

The Netherlands did compete in 2000. But at 22:00 (UTC+2) on 13 May, the broadcast of the Eurovision final was halted as an explosion in a fireworks factory destroyed parts of a suburb in Enschede a few hours before.[5] The points awarded by the Netherlands were taken from the back-up jury vote, as there was no televote after the program was cut short.

Participation overview[edit]

Table key
1 First place
2 Second place
3 Third place
Last place
X Entry selected but did not compete
Entry disqualified during the contest
Year Artist Song Language Final Points Semi Points
1956 Jetty Paerl "De vogels van Holland" Dutch [c] [c] No semi-finals
Corry Brokken "Voorgoed voorbij" Dutch
1957 Corry Brokken "Net als toen" Dutch 1 31
1958 Corry Brokken "Heel de wereld" Dutch 9 ◁ 1
1959 Teddy Scholten "Een beetje" Dutch 1 21
1960 Rudi Carrell "Wat een geluk" Dutch 12 2
1961 Greetje Kauffeld "Wat een dag" Dutch 10 6
1962 De Spelbrekers "Katinka" Dutch 13 ◁ 0
1963 Annie Palmen "Een speeldoos" Dutch 13 ◁ 0
1964 Anneke Grönloh "Jij bent mijn leven" Dutch 10 2
1965 Conny Vandenbos "Het is genoeg" Dutch 11 5
1966 Milly Scott "Fernando en Philippo" Dutch 15 2
1967 Thérèse Steinmetz "Ringe-dinge" Dutch 14 2
1968 Ronnie Tober "Morgen" Dutch 16 ◁ 1
1969 Lenny Kuhr "De troubadour" Dutch 1 18
1970 Patricia and Hearts of Soul "Waterman" Dutch 7 7
1971 Saskia and Serge "Tijd" Dutch 6 85
1972 Sandra and Andres "Als het om de liefde gaat" Dutch 4 106
1973 Ben Cramer "De oude muzikant" Dutch 14 69
1974 Mouth and MacNeal "I See a Star" English 3 15
1975 Teach-In "Ding-a-dong" English 1 152
1976 Sandra Reemer "The Party Is Over Now" English 9 56
1977 Heddy Lester "De mallemolen" Dutch 12 35
1978 Harmony "'t Is OK" Dutch 13 37
1979 Xandra "Colorado" Dutch 12 51
1980 Maggie MacNeal "Amsterdam" Dutch 5 93
1981 Linda Williams "Het is een wonder" Dutch 9 51
1982 Bill van Dijk "Jij en ik" Dutch 16 8
1983 Bernadette "Sing Me a Song" Dutch 7 66
1984 Maribelle "Ik hou van jou" Dutch 13 34
1986 Frizzle Sizzle "Alles heeft ritme" Dutch 13 40
1987 Marcha "Rechtop in de wind" Dutch 5 83
1988 Gerard Joling "Shangri-La" Dutch 9 70
1989 Justine Pelmelay "Blijf zoals je bent" Dutch 15 45
1990 Maywood "Ik wil alles met je delen" Dutch 15 25
1992 Humphrey Campbell "Wijs me de weg" Dutch 9 67
1993 Ruth Jacott "Vrede" Dutch 6 92 Kvalifikacija za Millstreet
1994 Willeke Alberti "Waar is de zon" Dutch 23 4 No semi-finals
1996 Maxine and Franklin Brown "De eerste keer" Dutch 7 78 9 63
1997 Mrs. Einstein "Niemand heeft nog tijd" Dutch 22 5 No semi-finals
1998 Edsilia "Hemel en aarde" Dutch 4 150
1999 Marlayne "One Good Reason" English 8 71
2000 Linda "No Goodbyes" English 13 40
2001 Michelle "Out on My Own" English 18 16
2003 Esther Hart "One More Night" English 13 45
2004 Re-union "Without You" English 20 11 6 146
2005 Glennis Grace "My Impossible Dream" English Failed to qualify 14 53
2006 Treble "Amambanda" Imaginary, English 20 22
2007 Edsilia Rombley "On Top of the World" English 21 38
2008 Hind "Your Heart Belongs to Me" English 13 27
2009 The Toppers "Shine" English 17 11
2010 Sieneke "Ik ben verliefd (Sha-la-lie)" Dutch 14 29
2011 3JS "Never Alone" English 19 ◁ 13
2012 Joan Franka "You and Me" English 15 35
2013 Anouk "Birds" English 9 114 6 75
2014 The Common Linnets "Calm After the Storm" English 2 238 1 150
2015 Trijntje Oosterhuis "Walk Along" English Failed to qualify 14 33
2016 Douwe Bob "Slow Down" English 11 153 5 197
2017 OG3NE "Lights and Shadows" English 11 150 4 200
2018 Waylon "Outlaw in 'Em" English 18 121 7 174
2019 Duncan Laurence "Arcade" English 1 498 1 280
2020 Jeangu Macrooy "Grow" English Contest cancelled[b] X
2021 Jeangu Macrooy "Birth of a New Age" English, Sranan Tongo 23 11 Host country
2022 S10 "De diepte" Dutch 11 171 2 221
2023 Mia Nicolai and Dion Cooper "Burning Daylight" English Failed to qualify 13 7
2024 Joost Klein "Europapa" Dutch
2 182


Corry Brokken rehearsing for the Eurovision Song Contest 1976
Year Location Venue Executive producer Director Musical director Presenter(s) Ref.
1958 Hilversum AVRO Studios Piet te Nuyl Jr. Gijs Stappershoef [nl] Dolf van der Linden Hannie Lips [6]
1970 Amsterdam RAI Congrescentrum Warner van Kampen Theo Ordeman [nl] Willy Dobbe [7]
1976 The Hague Congresgebouw Fred Oster [nl] Jan Stulen [nl] Corry Brokken [8]
1980 Rogier van Otterloo Marlous Fluitsma [9]
2020 Rotterdam Rotterdam Ahoy Sietse Bakker and Inge van de Weerd Marnix Kaart, Marc Pos and Daniel Jelinek [sv] Chantal Janzen, Edsilia Rombley and Jan Smit [10]
2021 Rotterdam Rotterdam Ahoy Sietse Bakker and Astrid Dutrénit Marnix Kaart, Marc Pos and Daniel Jelinek Chantal Janzen, Edsilia Rombley, Jan Smit and Nikkie de Jager [11]

Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light[edit]

On 16 May 2020, Hilversum hosted the live show Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light as a replacement for the cancelled Eurovision Song Contest 2020.[12][13]

Year Location Venue Executive producer Presenter(s) Ref.
2020 Hilversum Studio 21 Sietse Bakker Chantal Janzen, Edsilia Rombley and Jan Smit [14][15]


Marcel Bezençon Awards[edit]

Year Category Song Composer(s) Performer Final Points Host city Ref.
2003 Artistic Award[d] "One More Night" Tjeerd van Zanen, Alan Michael Esther Hart 13 45 Latvia Riga
2014 Artistic Award[e] "Calm After the Storm" Ilse DeLange, JB Meijers, Rob Crosby,
Matthew Crosby, Jake Etheridge
The Common Linnets 2 238 Denmark Copenhagen
Composer Award
2019 Press Award "Arcade" Duncan Laurence, Joel Sjöö, Wouter Hardy, Will Knox Duncan Laurence 1 498 Israel Tel Aviv

Barbara Dex Award[edit]

Year Performer Host city Ref.
2015 Trijntje Oosterhuis Austria Vienna

Related involvement[edit]


Year Conductor[f] Notes Ref.
1956 Switzerland Fernando Paggi Host conductor[g] [20]
1957 Dolf van der Linden
1958 [h]
1963 United Kingdom Eric Robinson Host conductor
1964 Dolf van der Linden
1969 Frans de Kok
1970 Dolf van der Linden [i] [21]
1972 Harry van Hoof
1980 Rogier van Otterloo [22]
1981 [j]
1983 Piet Souer [k]
1984 Rogier van Otterloo
1986 Harry van Hoof
1987 Rogier van Otterloo
1988 Harry van Hoof
1996 Dick Bakker

Heads of delegation[edit]

Year Head of delegation Ref.
20222023 Lars Lourenco
2024 Twan van de Nieuwenhuijzen

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Over the years NOS/TROS commentary has been provided by several experienced radio and television presenters, including Willem Duys, Ivo Niehe, Pim Jacobs, Ati Dijckmeester and Paul de Leeuw. Willem van Beusekom provided NOS TV commentary every year from 1987 until 2005 (with the exceptions of 1991 and 1995).[26][27] He was replaced by his co-commentator Cornald Maas, who commentated on the contest from 2004 until 2010.

On 29 June 2010, Maas was sacked as commentator after posting insults on Twitter about Sieneke, Joran van der Sloot and the Party for Freedom (PVV).[28] After this, DJ Daniël Dekker, who had been commentating next to Maas, took over together with Jan Smit. In 2014, Maas returned, now himself replacing Dekker, as commentator together with Smit. Sander Lantinga replaced Smit for 2021 due to Smit hosting the main contest.[29] In 2024, Smit stepped down as commentator and was replaced by Jacqueline Govaert.[30]

Year Commentator Spokesperson Ref.
1956 Piet te Nuyl No spokesperson
1957 Willem Duys
1958 Siebe van der Zee Piet te Nuyl
1959 Piet te Nuyl Siebe van der Zee
1962 Willem Duys Ger Lugtenburg
1963 Pim Jacobs
1964 Ageeth Scherphuis
1965 Teddy Scholten
1967 Leo Nelissen Ellen Blazer
1968 Elles Berger Willem Duys
1969 Pim Jacobs Leo Nelissen
1970 Flip van der Schalie
1971 No spokesperson
1974 Willem Duys Dick van Bommel
1977 Ati Dijckmeester Ralph Inbar
1978 Willem Duys Dick van Bommel
1979 Ivo Niehe
1980 Pim Jacobs Flip van der Schalie
1983 Willem Duys
1984 Ivo Niehe
1985 Gerrit den Braber Did not participate
1986 Leo van der Goot Joop van Zijl
1987 Willem van Beusekom Ralph Inbar
1988 Joop van Os
1991 No television broadcast Did not participate
1992 Willem van Beusekom Herman Slager
1993 Joop van Os
1995 Paul de Leeuw Did not participate
1996 Willem van Beusekom Marga Bult
1997 Corry Brokken
1998 Conny Vandenbos
1999 Edsilia Rombley
2000 Marlayne
2002 Did not participate
2003 Marlayne
2004 Willem van Beusekom, Cornald Maas Esther Hart
2005 Nancy Coolen
2006 Cornald Maas, Paul de Leeuw Paul de Leeuw
2007 Paul de Leeuw and Edsilia Rombley
2008 Cornald Maas Esther Hart
2009 Yolanthe Sneijder-Cabau
2010 Cornald Maas, Daniël Dekker
2011 Jan Smit, Daniël Dekker Mandy Huydts
2012 Vivienne van den Assem
2013 Cornald Maas
2014 Jan Smit, Cornald Maas Tim Douwsma
2015 Edsilia Rombley
2016 Jan Smit, Cornald Maas (all shows), Douwe Bob (semi-final 2) Trijntje Oosterhuis
2017 Jan Smit, Cornald Maas Douwe Bob
2018 OG3NE
2019 Emma Wortelboer
2021 Cornald Maas, Sander Lantinga Romy Monteiro [29]
2022 Cornald Maas, Jan Smit Jeangu Macrooy [31][32]
2023 S10 [33][34]
2024 Cornald Maas, Jacqueline Govaert Nikkie de Jager[l] [30][35][36]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b The 2024 entry qualified for the final, but was removed from the competition following a backstage incident during the semi-final. The Netherlands retained the right to vote in the final.
  2. ^ a b The 2020 contest was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  3. ^ a b The 1956 contest had secret voting and, apart from the winner, no results were released.
  4. ^ Voted by previous winners.
  5. ^ Voted by commentators.
  6. ^ All conductors are of Dutch nationality unless otherwise noted.
  7. ^ Conducted at the national final by Dolf van der Linden
  8. ^ van der Linden also conducted the Belgian, German, Luxembourgish, and Swedish entries
  9. ^ Also conducted the Irish entry.
  10. ^ The entry was presented without orchestral accompaniment at the national final.
  11. ^ Conducted by Ruud Bos at the national final.
  12. ^ De Jager later withdrew from her role due to the disqualification of the Dutch entry from the final, and AVROTROS chose not to replace her with a different spokesperson. Martin Österdahl, the contest's executive supervisor, announced the Dutch points instead.


  1. ^ a b van Tongeren, Mario (25 January 2009). "NOS quits Eurovision, Dutch participation goes on". Oikotimes. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
  2. ^ "Second Chance 1998". Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  3. ^ History - Eurovision Song Contest 1985 Archived 2008-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ History - Eurovision Song Contest 1991 Archived 2008-08-28 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Eurovisie Songfestival: Deze Eeuw - - Day to Day".
  6. ^ "Hilversum 1958". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  7. ^ "Amsterdam 1970". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  8. ^ "The Hague 1976". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  9. ^ "The Hague 1980". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  10. ^ "Rotterdam 2020". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  11. ^ "Rotterdam 2021". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  12. ^ Granger, Anthony (1 April 2020). "Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light To Be Broadcast Live From Hilversum". Eurovoix. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Eurovision: Europe Shine A Light will bring audiences together on 16 May". 31 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Eurovision: Europe Shine A Light". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  15. ^ "Geen Songfestival, maar wel een alternatief: Europe Shine a Light" [No Eurovision, but an alternative: Europe Shine a Light]. NPO Radio 2 (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  16. ^ "Marcel Bezençon Awards". Archived from the original on 16 July 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  17. ^ a b "Winners of the Marcel Bezençon Awards". 11 May 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  18. ^ "Here are the winners of the 2019 Marcel Bezençon Awards". 18 May 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  19. ^ Adams, William Lee (9 July 2015). "Poll: Who was the worst dressed Barbara Dex Award winner?". Wiwibloggs. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  20. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. One: The 1950s and 1960s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 93–101. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
  21. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 142–168. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  22. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2016). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. Three: The 1980s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-118-9.
  23. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest – Heads of Delegation". Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  24. ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (13 July 2023). "Spain: Benidorm Fest 2024 Stage, Presenters and Jurors Revealed". ESCToday. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  25. ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (13 July 2023). "Netherlands: Twan van de Nieuwenhuijzen appointed as Head of Delegation". ESCToday. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  26. ^ "Welkom op de website van Eurovision Artists".
  27. ^ Bakker, Sietse. "Van Beusekom quits Eurovision role". ESC Today. ANP. Archived from the original on 11 December 2005.
  28. ^ "Eurovision Cornald Maas fired by TROS -". 30 June 2010.
  29. ^ a b "Sander Lantinga vervangt Jan Smit als commentator Songfestival" [Sander Lantinga replaces Jan Smit as commentator of the Eurovision Song Contest]. Mediacourant (in Dutch). 7 April 2021.
  30. ^ a b Van Dijk, Sem Anne (8 March 2024). "Netherlands: Jacqueline Govaert succeeds Jan Smit as Eurovision commentator". Eurovoix. Retrieved 8 March 2024.
  31. ^ Farren, Neil (5 January 2022). "Netherlands: Jan Smit Returns As a Commentator for Eurovision 2022". Eurovoix. Archived from the original on 5 January 2022. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  32. ^ @songfestival (3 May 2022). "HELLO EUROPE! This year the amazing @jeangumacrooy will be our spokesperson and give the 12 points from The Netherlands during the #ESC2022. #eurovision" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  33. ^ van Eenennaam, Alexander (20 April 2023). "Jan Smit verzette zich tegen keuze voor Mia en Dion als songfestivalact en stapt uit de selectiecommissie". Algemeen Dagblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  34. ^ @songfestival (2 May 2023). ""And twelve points go to..." @S10sdonnie is onze spokesperson en geeft namens Nederland de punten in de finale van het Eurovisie #Songfestival! #Eurovision #eurovision2023" (Tweet) (in Dutch) – via Twitter.
  35. ^ Farren, Neil (30 April 2024). "Netherlands: Nikkie de Jager Announced as Spokesperson for Eurovision 2024". Eurovoix. Retrieved 30 April 2024.
  36. ^ Vranis, Michalis (11 May 2024). "Eurovision 2024: Nikkie de Jager withdraws from announcing Dutch votes at Eurovision Final". ESCToday. Retrieved 12 May 2024.

External links[edit]