Netherne-on-the-Hill

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Netherne-on-the-Hill
Netherne-Hill-Appartements.JPG
Homes added in the first decade of the 21st century
Netherne TQ2956 369.jpg
Apartments occupying a former water tower serving Hooley and the hospital
Netherne-on-the-Hill is located in Surrey
Netherne-on-the-Hill
Netherne-on-the-Hill
 Netherne-on-the-Hill shown within Surrey
Population 1,400 (approximately half of Hooley and Netherne-on-the-Hill)[1][n 1]
OS grid reference TQ297564
District Reigate and Banstead
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Coulsdon
Postcode district CR5
Dialling code 01737
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Reigate
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°17′33″N 0°08′26″W / 51.292408°N 0.140556°W / 51.292408; -0.140556

Netherne-on-the-Hill is a village in Surrey, England, occupying a plateau once home to Netherne Hospital. The village is across a narrow valley from Hooley in north of the borough of Reigate and Banstead; through the valley runs the Hooley Tunnel cutting and A23, the only road from which the village can be accessed, from two designated side roads; a few metres south of the southern T-junction, the road divides into two grades: the A23 to Redhill, 3 miles (4.8 km) south, and the M23 motorway which has a junction with the M25 motorway within Merstham's boundaries, the former village of the hilltop land. The post town, Coulsdon in Greater London is centred 1.8 miles (2.9 km) due north.

History[edit]

Unlike Hooley which was mostly part of Coulsdon manor and parish, the land here was within the traditional boundaries of Merstham as a village, that is within its ecclesiastical parish. The property called Netherne — 'Lez Nedder' in 1522 — was acquired in the first decade of the 20th century by the Surrey County Council for an asylum; the quit-rent payable yearly for the land of a little over half of one pound sterling recorded in 1522 was enfranchised from the land by the Council paying its owner.[2]

Being on the ridge of the North Downs, the relevant mineral prosperity of the parish was important at the slopes straddling this particular plateau, very sparsely inhabited though it was, and increasingly bereft of water, being aloft of aquifers. The county history of 1911 states:[2]

...chalk at Merstham has also been long famous for its lime. The lime produced is not quite equal to the Dorking and Betchworth, but superior to the Guildford product. The lime used to be extensively used as manure, and is still so employed. Cement is also now made from it.

The mineral works at Merstham helped to bring about improved means of conveyance. The mediaeval line of carriage was by cart to Battersea for conveyance by water to Westminster, and to Kingston upon Thames for water carriage to Windsor.

20th century psychiatric care[edit]

Main article: Netherne Hospital

Netherne Hospital opened in 1903 as a pleasant asylum for psychiatric patients. The complex could house up to 2000 patients at its peak and its founders built its own laundry, power station, sewage works, farm and sporting facilities. The hospital was known to be progressive in its treatment of mental illnesses, including in its use of art therapy and psychiatric rehabilitation. It closed in 1994 following the community integration of most of its patients.

The hospital chapel was chosen as the site on which to build the new community's swimming pool. Notwithstanding this history, little remains at all apart from a minority of converted buildings and none have been listed.[3]

Conversion to residential estate[edit]

The former hospital estate was sold by the Department of Health to M J Gleeson in 1995, with development of a new village commencing shortly afterwards. The Administration block, chapel, convalescent villas and some ward blocks have been converted into apartments. The Water Tower was sold on by Gleeson to a certain company trading as Falcon, enabling structural redevelopment into apartments.

Demography[edit]

Demography is difficult to quantify precisely for the village. No designated UK ward had yet been created for Netherne-on-the-Hill in local government in time for the United Kingdom Census 2011.

However the village formed in 2011 approximately half of the Lower Output Area Reigate and Banstead 004E, whose population was 2,698 clustered into divisions of this village and Hooley, altogether covering 431 hectares (1,070 acres). This gave a density which is valid for the settlement approximately, therefore, of 6.3 persons per hectare. The population if exactly half would be 1,349, which provides an approximation for both.

Amenities[edit]

Netherne's amenities mainly comprise a village shop, indoor swimming pool, tennis courts, football and cricket pitches and a bowls club.[4] A village hall opened in the former recreation hall in 2011.[5] The village is set in extensive landscaped grounds.

Religion[edit]

The nearest place of worship and present parish within the Church of England is at 13th century St Margaret's, Chipstead, approximately 600 metres west of the village centre, in Hooley.[6]

The Roman Catholic church to St Teresa of the Child Jesus, Merstham 3 miles (4.8 km) south is named this as it shares its Deacon and two Priests in a wider parish celebrating The Nativity of the Lord.[7]

The Croydon Mosque in Sunni Islam is 6 miles (9.7 km) NNE and was founded at its current address in 1978, having been established in the early 1960s.

Hinduism has two temples in Crawley: Sanatan Mandir, Crawley[8] and Sri Swarna Kamadchy Amman, both 13 miles (21 km) south.[9]

Buddhism has a venue in Croydon named the Croydon Buddhist Centre.[10]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Lower Output Area: Reigate and Banstead 004E
References
  1. ^ "Check Browser Settings". Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Merstham". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  3. ^ OS Map with Listed Buildings and Parks marked
  4. ^ Website of the village's community organisation NetherneVillage.org
  5. ^ Village Hall Events Day 2011 NetherneVillage.org
  6. ^ Church of England Chipstead, St Margaret, parish map.
  7. ^ Parish of the nativity of the Lord Diocese of Arundel and Brighton
  8. ^ "Sanatan Mandir place of worship and Solemnisation of Marriages". Crawley Hindu Temple. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  9. ^ Sri Swarna Kamadchy Amman
  10. ^ "Welcome - Buddhist Centre Croydon". Retrieved 30 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Netherne-on-the-Hill at Wikimedia Commons