Netherton means lower farm in Old English, but the area was named after the Netherton Building Company which built the original houses in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Thorpe Primary school is located in the area; secondary pupils attend Jack Hunt School. Jack Hunt swimming pool is located here. It is a 25m (82 feet) dual-use facility, built on school land but owned by Peterborough City Council and operated by Vivacity Peterborough, a charitable trust. The parish church, dedicated to Saint Jude, was built in 1968 on land donated by Thomas Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 10th Earl Fitzwilliam (via the Fitzwilliam Trust).
In 2001 teen-aged Netherton resident Ross Parker was murdered by a gang of up to ten Muslims of Pakistani background who had sought a white male to attack. A memorial plaque in Parker's memory is located at The Grange in Netherton.
- Reville, Alan (22 September 2011). "Murdered Ross Parker remembered 10 years on". Peterborough Evening Telegraph. Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
- Her Majesty's Court Service (24 November 2006), Minimum Terms, High Court setting of minimum terms for mandatory life sentences under the Criminal Justice Act 2003, archived from the original on 6 June 2011, retrieved 27 December 2011
- Morris, Steven (20 December 2002). "Three get life in jail for racist killing". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- Staff (20 December 2002). "Three Asians get life in jail for racial killing". Rediff.com. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- Franklin, Neil (22 September 2004). "In Focus: Three years on the sense of loss is still so real". Peterborough Evening Telegraph. Peterborough: Johnston Press. Retrieved 29 July 2011.