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Nettle agents or urticants are a variety of chemical warfare agents that produce corrosive skin and tissue injury upon contact, resulting in erythema, urticaria, intense itching, and a hive-like rash.
Most nettle agents, such as the best known and studied nettle agent, phosgene oxime, are often grouped with the vesicant (blister agent) chemical agents. However, because nettle agents do not cause blisters, they are not true vesicants.
- Smith, Kathleen J.; Skelton, Henry (July–August 2003). "Chemical Warfare Agents: Their Past and Continuing Threat and Evolving Therapies Part I of II". SKINmed: Dermatology for the Clinician. 2 (4): 215–222. doi:10.1111/j.1540-9740.2003.02509.x. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- Patočka, Jiří; Kamil Kuča (2011). "Phosgene Oxime – Forgotten Chemical Weapon" (PDF). Military Medical Science Letters (Vojenské Zdravotnické Listy). 80: 38–41. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
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