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Città di Nettuno
Panorama of Nettuno
Panorama of Nettuno
Coat of arms of Nettuno
Location of Nettuno
Nettuno is located in Italy
Location of Nettuno in Italy
Nettuno is located in Lazio
Nettuno (Lazio)
Coordinates: 41°27′27″N 12°39′40″E / 41.45750°N 12.66111°E / 41.45750; 12.66111Coordinates: 41°27′27″N 12°39′40″E / 41.45750°N 12.66111°E / 41.45750; 12.66111
Metropolitan cityRome (RM)
FrazioniAcciarella, Cadolino, Canala, Cioccati, Cretarossa, Eschieto, Falasche Nord, Grugnole, Ospedaletto, Padiglione, Piscina Cardillo, Pocacqua, Sandalo Di Levante, Sandalo di Ponente, San Giacomo, Scacciapensieri, Tre Cancelli, Zucchetti
 • MayorAlessandro Coppola
 • Total71.46 km2 (27.59 sq mi)
11 m (36 ft)
 (30 November 2017)[2]
 • Total49,873
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code06
Patron saintMadonna delle Grazie
WebsiteOfficial website

Nettuno is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Rome in the Lazio region of central Italy, 60 kilometres (37 miles) south of Rome. A resort city and agricultural center on the Tyrrhenian Sea, it has a population of approximately 50,000.

Its name is perhaps in honour of the Roman god Neptune.


It has a touristic harbour hosting about 860 boats and a shopping centre, selling everything for fishing and sailing. There is also a yacht club.

Nettuno is the city of the D.O.C. wine Cacchione.

Nettuno has a large base for the Italian Force, whose territory extends to the Province of Latina, and an Italian Police School, where especially police dogs are trained.

Nettuno is one stop south of Anzio on the local train from Rome and also the last stop of the FL8 line.


According to a theory, the town would be a direct survival of the Roman Antium, the territory of which almost entirely corresponded to Nettuno and modern Anzio.[3] Giuseppe Tomassetti considered Nettuno the real heir and continuation of the ancient Antiates.[4] In contrast, Beatrice Cacciotti doubted an ancient origin of the town, and postulated a medieval origin.[5]

Nettuno was also considered to be the location of the ancient Volscian port town of Caenon, which was the closest port of the town Antium (which did not have a natural harbour of its own).[6] According to a more recent theory, the town Caenon would be located on a hill more east to Nettuno, and the port (similarly to the old theory above), would have been over the mouth of the river Loricina.[7] In 469 BC, the town Caenon was destroyed by the Roman consul Titus Numicius Priscus.[8]

On January 22, 1944, Nettuno and nearby Anzio were the theatre of an Allied forces landing and the ensuing Battle of Anzio, which began with Operation Shingle during The Second World War.[9] American forces (5th Army) were surrounded by Germans in the caves of Pozzoli in February 1944 for a week, suffering heavy casualties.

Main sights[edit]

Nettuno is a popular tourist destination. Sights include a well-preserved old quarter, the Borgo Medievale, with mediaeval streets and small squares, and the Forte Sangallo, a castle built in 1503 by Renaissance architect Antonio da Sangallo the Elder.

Nettuno is also a centre of pilgrimage to the shrine of Saint Maria Goretti, in which a crypt houses the mortal remains of the saint. The church keeps also a valuable polychromed wooden statue of Our Lady of Grace, which is honoured by the town with a procession every year on the first Saturday of May. It was originally Our Lady of Ipswich, although it left England after the Reformation.

The privately-owned Villa Costaguti-Borghese at Nettuno was built in 1648, has gardens in a landscape park designed about 1840, now protected as a nature reserve. The Borghese Gladiator was discovered at Nettuno.

At the north edge of town is the Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial, where over 7,800 US soldiers are buried.[10]


Nettuno Baseball Club is one of the most important Italian baseball teams, often the winner of the national championship. Baseball was taught to the local people by American soldiers after their landing in World War II.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Nettuno is twinned with:[12]


  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Paola Brandizzi Vittucci, Antium: Anzio e Nettuno in epoca romana, Roma, Bardi Editore, 2000. ISBN 88-85699-83-9
  4. ^ Giuseppe Tomassetti, La Campagna romana antica, medioevale e moderna, vol. II, Roma, 1910
  5. ^ Beatrice Cacciotti Cacciotti, Testimonianze di culti orientali ad Antium, in B. P. Benetucci (curator), Culti orientali tra scavo e collezionismo, Roma, Artemide, 2008
  6. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) William Smith "Antium"; The Topography of Rome and Its Vicinity By Sir William Gell, 1846, "Antium"; Handbook for Travellers in Central Italy by John Murray, 1843, "Nettuno" p. 534
  7. ^ Paola Brandizzi Vittucci, Antium: Anzio e Nettuno in epoca romana, Roma, Bardi Editore, 2000, pp. 140-143. ISBN 88-85699-83-9
  8. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities, ix. 56; Livy Ab urbe condita, ii. 63
  9. ^ Enrico Canini, Operation Shingle: lo sbarco anfibio di Anzio e Nettuno, Youcanprint, 2017
  10. ^ SICILY-ROME AMERICAN CEMETERY AND MEMORIAL Archived October 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 2009-05-25.
  11. ^ Madsen, Anders Christian (23 January 2019). "Valentino's Pierpaolo Piccioli On Why He Is Not A Traditional Couturier". Vogue. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Il Litorale 7/2020: Che Europa vogliamo?". (in Italian). Il Pontino. April 2020. p. 26. Retrieved 2021-04-02.

External links[edit]