Network of Buddhist Organisations
The Network of Buddhist Organisations is a British ecumenical body founded in 1993.
The Network of Buddhist Organisations was formed at a time when Buddhism had become consolidated in Britain, with a membership scattered over a large number of different bodies. They varied from traditional interpretations of the teaching dependent on Eastern monastics to popular and influential groups classified as New Religious Movements. The NBO's stated intent was to promote greater openness to dialogue and increased co-operation between the many different Buddhist organisations.
As its policy met with success, the Network also turned its attention to dialogue and co-operation with other faiths and to taking part in consultation with government and other public bodies, including the Charity Commission and the Equality and Human Rights Commission. Nationally, it plays an active role in the work of the Religious Education Council, the Inter Faith Network UK and internationally in the European Buddhist Union.
Another aspect of NBO's work has been the series of conferences and events it has helped organise on topics centred upon the application of Buddhist teaching to the modern world. Noteworthy among these have been the UK-wide Buddhist arts festival, "A Lotus in Flower", in 2005; the 2006 conference, "The Dharma Revolution: 50 Years On", on Ambedkarite (Indian) Buddhism; the 2007 Eco-Dharma conference held in Birmingham; the 2008 "British Buddhist Landscape" conference held at Taplow Court, covering many aspects of Buddhist social practice and experience in Britain; and the 2009 arts conference, "Buddha Mind, Creative Mind", also held at Taplow Court. The last of these resulted in the formation of the Dharma Arts group, an association of Buddhist artists. Again in Birmingham, a day seminar for Buddhists working with schools was organised by Clear Vision Trust in association with NBO as part of Celebrating RE month in March 2011.
During the run-up to the 2011 census, the NBO, in common with many other organisations, ran a public campaign for adherents to identify themselves in the box indicating religious affiliation in order to gain enhanced official recognition. In 2012 the Network co-ordinated the Buddhist contribution to the Government's multi-faith initiative, A Year of Service. This involved a day of action on July 3 with care for the environment as its focus, and was publicised under the name Earthkind. The response was so positive that subsequently it was decided to hold an annual Buddhist Action Month each June (BAM) with participating organisations choosing their own theme.
||This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (February 2012)|
The Network's openness to dialogue with groups that some orthodox Buddhists regard as controversial has brought it a certain amount of criticism. Although veteran author Ken Jones has praised NBO for its work, he sees certain dangers for it as well: "The Network of Buddhist Organisations is performing an invaluable role in opening up dialogue and bringing potential antagonists together in common concerns. Much useful communication takes place off the record, though the Network remains vulnerable to sectarianism."
The risk of sectarianism of which he speaks came to the fore in 1998, when the New Kadampa Tradition applied for membership not long after its members had been involved in demonstrations against the Dalai Lama concerning the Dorje Shugden controversy. Several NBO members considered the conduct of the NKT incongruous with the Network's aims. When the NKT's application was accepted, some groups therefore left the NBO including approximately 30% of its Tibetan Buddhist members.
The connection also came under scrutiny when Parliamentary Questions were raised in the UK Parliament, some about the 'new religious movements' among its membership and some concerning what assessment had been made of the NBO's representative status by Government before consulting them. Various short responses to these questions were made by the Government, including:
- The Home Office has made no such assessment. The Network of Buddhist Organisations is just one of the Buddhist organisations that the Home Office consults with.
- the Network of Buddhist Organisations is a member of independently formed multi-faith group which the Department maintains close contact with as part of our commitment to a multi-faith approach to NHS Chaplaincy.
- The Network of Buddhist Organisations is one of the organisations that the Department consults on relevant issues.
The NBO posted a document on their website in response to the relevant Parliamentary Questions that referred to it.
Code of conduct
In early 2009, the NBO launched a code of conduct for its members. The code had previously been publicised and discussed by the membership in 2008. The NBO code is based upon the five Buddhist Precepts which members are asked to affirm their support for and to undertake that their members would not "defame other Buddhist organisations or teachers in public or via the media," and that every effort should be made to resolve any disagreements within organisations, or with other organisations or groups, "through internal processes or through private discussion and mediation."
- The RE Directory
- REC website
- Member Bodies of the Inter Faith Network, retrieved 2010-05-03.
- European Buddhist Union member organizations - Network of Buddhist Organisations - UK, updated 2010-04-30, retrieved 2010-05-03.
- A poster advertising one of the events is archived here
- A report
- NBO Connections 2, Winter 2007, pp.10-12
- SGI Quarterly, October 2008; videos of the presentations of all the speakers are available on Google
- Triratna Buddhist Community News, July 2009
- Dharma Arts website
- Triratna Community News April 21, 2011
- "British Religion in Numbers"
- Faith-based Regeneration Network
- FbRN report
- Together in Service
- Jones, Ken (19 June 2010). "Many Bodies - One Mind: movements in British Buddhism". Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- The Independent 15 July 1996
- Kay, David (2004). Tibetan and Zen Buddhism in Britain: Transplantation, Development and Adaptation. RoutledgeCurzon critical studies in Buddhism. London: RoutledgeCurzon. p. 213.
- The NBO Files (2006-09-01) by the Network of Buddhist Organisations, retrieved 2010-05-03.
- Chris Ward, "How should Buddhists behave?", Triple Gem 31 August 2008
- News from the Network of Buddhist Organisations by the Triratna Buddhist Community News blog, 2009-03-30, retrieved 2010-05-03.