Netzer Sereni

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Netzer Sereni
נֵצֶר סֶרֶנִי
Havat Allenby
Havat Allenby
Netzer Sereni is located in Israel
Netzer Sereni
Netzer Sereni
Coordinates: 31°55′33.96″N 34°49′46.2″E / 31.9261000°N 34.829500°E / 31.9261000; 34.829500Coordinates: 31°55′33.96″N 34°49′46.2″E / 31.9261000°N 34.829500°E / 31.9261000; 34.829500
District Central
Council Gezer
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 20 June 1948
Founded by Holocaust survivors
Population (2016)[1] 769

Netzer Sereni (Hebrew: נֵצֶר סֶרֶנִי‬) is a kibbutz in central Israel. Located in the Shephelah between Be'er Ya'akov and Ness Ziona, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gezer Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 769.[1]

History[edit]

Holocaust memorial, Kibbutz Netzer Sereni

Kibbutz Netzer Sereni was founded in 1948 by 120 members of Kibbutz Givat Brenner, who broke away for ideological reasons.[2]

The kibbutz was established on the land of the depopulated Palestinian village named Bir Salim.[3][4]

The founders were Holocaust survivors and the village was initially named Kibbutz Buchenwald after the concentration camp in which many of its founders had been detained. The name was changed later to Netzer by the Buchenwald members. The kibbutz was named Netzer Sereni after Enzo Sereni, a Jewish Italian intellectual, Zionist leader and Jewish Brigade officer. Sereni was one of the founders of Givat Brenner. He was parachuted into Nazi-occupied Italy in World War II, only to be immediately captured by the Germans and executed in Dachau concentration camp;[2] in Hebrew netzer means sprout, shoot or branch.

In 1955 there was a national political separation producing a split between the two labor parties, Mapam and Mapai. The Mapai members of Kibbutz Givat Brenner moved to Kibbutz Netzer.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Daniel Gavron (2000) The Kibbutz: Awakening from Utopia Rowman & Littlefield, p59
  3. ^ Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. p. xx, settlement #11. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6. 
  4. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 371. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.