Neue Deutsche Härte

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Neue Deutsche Härte (German for "New German Hardness", abbrev: NDH) is a subgenre of rock music that developed in Germany during the mid-1990s. Alluding to the style of Neue Deutsche Welle, the term was coined by the music press after the 1995 release of Rammstein's album Herzeleid.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

Neue Deutsche Härte describes a crossover style that is influenced by Neue Deutsche Welle, alternative metal and groove metal combining it with elements from electro-industrial and techno.[2] The lyrics are generally in German. NDH uses the basic setup of instruments for metal: electric guitar, bass guitar, drums and vocals, along with keyboard, synthesizers, samples and sometimes additional percussion. Emphasis is on a demonstration of predominance, by over-pronouncing certain syllables and letters (such as the uvular or alveolar trill). The vocals are thus dominantly presenting in deep, male, and clean voice.[2] Some bands use screaming and death growls, which is also common, being heard in certain songs by Oomph!, Rammstein, Stahlhammer, Samsas Traum and Megaherz. NDH imagery is often strongly masculine and militaristic. Guitars are tuned low, usually to drop D or C, and are generally heavily distorted.

Rammstein on stage at the Globe Arena, Stockholm, Sweden, 18 November 2004

History[edit]

The rudiments of the NDH style were established by Oomph! on their seminal second album, Sperm (1994), and by Rammstein with their first album Herzeleid (1995). In those days, Oomph!'s biggest influence were groove metal bands such as Prong, Pantera and Sepultura.[3] Rammstein, who take inspiration from a wide array of bands including Depeche Mode and Ministry, is the style's most famous and successful practitioner. NDH is especially successful in continental Europe; Rammstein have sold nearly four million records in Germany,[4] while accumulating gold and platinum records in Austria,[5] Belgium,[6] the Czech Republic,[7] Denmark,[8] the Netherlands,[9] Norway,[10] Poland,[11][12] Romania,[13] Sweden,[14] Switzerland,[15] and Finland.

Oomph! achieved a gold record for their 2004 "Augen auf!" single in Austria and Germany.[16][17] Eisbrecher's 2004 self-titled debut album entered at No. 13 on the Deutschen Alternative Top 20 Chart, while the group's second album (Antikörper) reached the No. 85 position on the German main chart.[18][19] Other NDH groups include: Megaherz, Stahlhammer, Stahlmann, Fleischmann, and others.

Cultural influence[edit]

In 2011, comic and musician Bill Bailey parodied the Neue Deutsche Härte style by releasing a cover of Simon and Garfunkel's Scarborough Fair in the style of Rammstein.[20] The lyrics are translated verbatim and mostly don't make sense in German.[citation needed]

Bands[edit]

Before 2000[edit]

Name Start End City of origin
Adam H[21] 1998 2003 Haunetal
ASP 1985* active Frankfurt
Atrocity 1985* active Ludwigsburg
Bellgrave 1993* active Wriezen
Crematory 1991* active Westhofen
Die Allergie 1993 2001 Baden-Württemberg
Die Schinder 1997 2014 Scheibenberg
Dementi 1997 2012 Langewiesen
die! 1995 2012 Bergisch Gladbach
Dolor 1998 2013 Naumburg an der Saale
Drecksau 1995 2005 Nuremberg
Eisenvater 1990 inactive Hamburg
Eisheilig 1998 2010 Bochum
Fleischmann 1989 2000 Berlin
Janus 1995 active Rödermark
Hammerschmitt 1997* active Munich
Herzer 1998 2004 Göttingen
Kind Tot 1994 1998 Wuppertal
Leichenwetter 1996 active Iserlohn
Megaherz 1993 active Munich
Metallspürhunde 1998 active Zürich, Switzerland
Niederschlag 1996 2003 Hamburg
Oomph! 1989 active Braunschweig
Pronther 1996 active Miltenberg
Rammstein 1994 active Berlin
Richthofen 1997 1999 Hamburg
Rinderwahnsinn 1993 2001 Frankfurt am Main
Samsas Traum 1996 active Marburg
Schmerz 1998 2004 Dresden
Schock 1999 2013 Dingelstädt
Schwanensee 1996 2000
Schweisser 1988 2008 Utting am Ammersee
Sonnengott 1997 2004 Sindelfingen
Stahlhammer 1992 2009 Vienna, Austria
Stalynn[22] 1996 1999 Vienna, Austria
Stendal Blast 1989 2013 Dorsten
Stunde Null[23] 1998 2000
Terminal Choice 1993 active Berlin
Toxsin 1999 2001 Munich
Unheilig 1999 2016 Aachen
Von Den Ketten 1995 2001 Leipzig
Weissglut 1996 2002 Bingen am Rhein
Weto 1993 inactive Fürstenfeldbruck
Witt 1998* active Hamburg
Zorn[24] 1999 2009 Ludwigshafen am Rhein

2000-2010[edit]

Name Start End City of origin
Bettelprinz 2006 active Friedberg
Blitzkill 2007 active Schleswig
b.o.s.c.h. 2000 active Wilhelmshaven
Butzemann 2008 inactive Bochum
Dark Diamonds 2000 active Mainz
de'facto 2004 2007 Magdeburg
Dein Schatten 2001 2005 Dortmund
Der Bote 2004 active Bremen
Dossche 2001 active Cologne
Eigensinn 2003 active Neuenstadt am Kocher
Eisbrecher 2003 active Langweid am Lech
Eisenhertz 2006 active
Eisenherz 2003 active Bamberg
Erben des Zorns 2004 inactive Kiel
Etwas Dein 2003 2013 Königsbrunn
Extramensch 2008 active Frankfurt am Main
Hämatom 2004 active Speichersdorf[25]
Haertefall 2009 2012 Grevenbroich
Hertzton 2001 2008 Leverkusen
Herzparasit 2008 active Munich
Himmel Treiber 2009 2013 Corona (California)
Ihresgleichen 2006 active Stuttgart
In Viro 2006 2011 Krefeld
KarakTzorn 2007 inactive Barnstorf
Maerzfeld 2004; new formation, 2009 active Eggolsheim
Menschenfresser 2006 active Trier
Menschenwahn 2006 active Düsseldorf
Nachtblut 2005 active Osnabrück
Nervenbeisser 2001 active Gau-Odernheim
nulldB 2001 active Würzburg
Ost+Front 2008 active Berlin
Ostfront[26][27] 2006 2010 Kiev, Ukraine
Peragon 2007 2015 Nuremberg
Projekt Mensch 2007 active Cologne
Psycodia 2008 active Loxstedt
Riefenstahl 2002 active Hannover
Samen 2009 inactive Illertissen
Schacht 2002 2012 Pirmasens
Schlagwerk 2007 2015 Heilbronn
Schockraum 2008 inactive Oberhausen
Schwarzer Engel 2007 active Stuttgart
Seelenzorn 2004 2010 Darmstadt
Seelensturm 2008 active Langenfeld/Düsseldorf
Silber 2003 2007 Bingen am Rhein
Silberschauer 2007 active Berlin
Stahlmann 2008 active Göttingen
Stier 2007 active Bergisch Gladbach
Stimmkraft 2002 inactive Oberhausen
Stoneman 2004 active Switzerland
Teufelskreis 2008 active Vienna, Austria
Treibhaus 2004 2013 Hannover
Üebermutter 2006 active Berlin
Die Vorboten 2009 active Wismar

After 2010[edit]

Name Start End City of origin
Amandas Nadel 2014 active Vienna, Austria
Apryl 2019 active Vienna, Austria
Armed 2013 active Vienna, Austria
Auf Erden 2012 inactive
Dein Feuer 2011 inactive Mannheim
Eisenwut 2016 active Moscow, Russia
Ende [Gift] 2012 active Odessa, Ukraine
Erdling 2014 active Mülheim an der Ruhr
Erzengel 2017 active Mannheim
Exfeind 2015 active Trier
Frau Falter[28] 2011 2014 Saint Petersburg, Russia
Geisterwald 2017 active Geneva, Switzerland
Gottwut 2015 active Moscow, Russia
Hasswut 2013 active Alicante, Spain
Heldmaschine 2011 active Koblenz
Hemesath 2012 active Beckum
Herren 2012 active Dessau
Herzbruch 2011 active Fürstenwalde/Spree
Himmelstern 2015 active Novocherkassk, Russia
Kaisers Bart 2014 active Stuttgart
Konfirmat 2017 active Moscow, Russia
Krankheit 2011 active St. Johann im Pongau, Austria
Lichtgestalt 2013 active Ascheberg
Marienbad 2010 inactive Tambach-Dietharz
Maschinist 2016 active Nuremberg
Miesenbach 2018 active Berlin
Mitgift 2013 active Augsburg
Morgenstern 2010 active Switzerland
Nachtgreif 2014 active Kusel
Null Positiv 2016 active Lübbenau
Phosphor 2015 active Straubing
Schattenmann 2016 active Nuremberg
Schattenwerk 2015 active Drochtersen
Scherbentanz 2010 active Regensburg
Schlagwetter 2015 active Koblenz
Schramm 2012 active Greifswald/Usedom
Schwarztag 2010 active Moscow, Russia
Seelenwalzer 2016 active Borgentreich
Stark Treiben 2010 2016 Novosibirsk, Russia
Sturmmann 2016 active Novosibirsk, Russia
Sündenrausch 2011 active Hamburg
Taina 2010 active Bremen
Werksfront 2013 active Erbach

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.stahlhammer.org/gmdb3/articles/ndh.php
  2. ^ a b c Schmidt, Axel; Neumann-Braun, Klaus (2008) [First published 2004]. Die Welt der Gothics: Spielräume düster konnotierter Transzendenz [The World of the Gothics: Leeways of Darkly Connoted Transcendency] (in German) (2nd ed.). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften / GWV Fachverlage GmbH. pp. 269–270. ISBN 978-3-531-15880-8. Retrieved 2009-12-29.
  3. ^ Uwe Rothhämel: Interview with Oomph! In: New Life Soundmagazine, Issue 5/94, Page 7, May 1994
  4. ^ "Gold/Platin Datenbank durchsuchen". Die deutschen Phonoverbände. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  5. ^ "Gold und Platin Datenbank". IFPI Austria, Verband der Österreichischen Musik Wirstchaft. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  6. ^ "Belgium Database". Charts français. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  7. ^ "TIMELINE: October 28, 2005". RAMMSTEIN :: News. Archived from the original on August 29, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  8. ^ "Guld og platin". IFPI Danmark – IFPI.dk. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  9. ^ "Goud/Platina Muziek". nvpi. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  10. ^ "SØK I TROFÉER". IFPI Norsk platebransje. Archived from the original on 2006-06-26. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  11. ^ "Platinium certification awards". Związek Producentów Audio-Video. Archived from the original on November 1, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  12. ^ "Gold certification awards". Związek Producentów Audio-Video. Archived from the original on November 6, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  13. ^ "Rammstein au primit Discul de Platina inainte de concertul din Romania". Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  14. ^ "GULD & PLATINA – År 2004". IFPI. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  15. ^ "Search for: Rammstein". The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  16. ^ "Gold und Platin Datenbank". IFPI Austria, Verband der Österreichischen Musik Wirstchaft. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2008-05-07.
  17. ^ "Gold/Platin Datenbank durchsuchen". Die deutschen Phonoverbände. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  18. ^ "Former MEGAHERZ Duo Launch EISBRECHER". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. 2004-05-24. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
  19. ^ "EISBRECHER: 'Antikörper' Enters German Chart At No. 85". Blabbermouth.net. 2006-11-02. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
  20. ^ "Scarborough Fair (Rammstein Style)". Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  21. ^ https://www.discogs.com/de/artist/58421-Adam-H
  22. ^ Stalynn bei Discogs
  23. ^ https://www.discogs.com/de/artist/7084828-Stunde-Null-3
  24. ^ Zorn bei Discogs
  25. ^ http://www.nordbayerischer-kurier.de/nachrichten/hamatom-mit-der-bestie-nach-oben_643170
  26. ^ (Inzwischen inactivees und entleertes) Myspace-Profil der Ukrainischen NDH-Band Ostfront (erstmals aufgerufen 2008)
  27. ^ Archived [Date missing] at ostfront.org [Error: unknown archive URL] Offline gegangene Webpräsenz der ukrainischen NDH-Band Ostfront (erstmals aufgerufen 2008)
  28. ^ Offizieller YouTube-Kanal der ehemaligen, russischen NDH-Band Frau Falter